Presentation on theme: "What is it? How to Avoid it!"— Presentation transcript:
1 What is it? How to Avoid it! PLAGIARISMWhat is it?How to Avoid it!
2 PLAGIARISM The word Plagiarism is a Latin word Plagiarius means "kidnapper”,A plagiarist means a literary thief
3 Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills Plagiarism – What is it?Plagiarism is the act of taking another person's writing, conversation, song, or even idea and passing it off as your own.This includes information from web pages, books, songs, television shows, messages, interviews, articles, artworks or any other medium.Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills
4 Plagiarism – What is it?It is not enough to just list the source in a bibliography list at the end of your paper.Failing to properly quote, cite or acknowledge someone else's words or ideas with an internal citation is plagiarism.
5 Plagiarism – What is it? Whenever you: Paraphrase, Summarize, or Take words, phrases, or sentences from another person's work,You must state the source of information within your paper using an internal citation.
6 Types of Plagiarism DIRECT: Word for Word Copying, no citation Accidental/Unintentional: Incorrect citing of sources or use of quotation marks.Collusion: Someone Else’s work submitted as ownSelf-Plagiarism: Reusing work already submitted for another class/subject/school
7 Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills Plagiarism – What is it?According to the Merriam-Webster OnLine Dictionary, to “plagiarize” meansto steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's ownto use (another's production) without crediting the sourceto commit literary theftto present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else’s work and lying about it afterward.Taken from: (Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills
8 Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills Plagiarism – What is it?ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CONSIDERED PLAGIARISM:Turning in someone else's work as your ownCopying words or ideas from someone else without giving creditFailing to put a quotation in quotation marksGiving incorrect information about the source of a quotationTaken from: (Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills
9 Plagiarism – What is it?5. Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit6. Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or notTaken from:
10 Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills Plagiarism – What is it?Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources.Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.(taken from Plariarism.org – what is plagiarism)Radnor House 6th Form Research and Study Skills
11 Plagiarism – What is it?Changing the words of an original source is not sufficient to prevent plagiarism.If you have retained the essential idea of an original source, and have not cited it, then no matter how drastically you may have altered its context or presentation, you have still plagiarized.(taken from Plariarism.org – what is plagiarism)
13 Why do Students Plagiarise Insufficient knowledge of how to Cite and QuoteRecord of research sources not maintainedPoor time managementOther priorities
14 Plagiarism Penalties What could happen if caught plagiarizing? You are GUILTY of Academic Dishonesty!You will Fail the assignment / Homework taskLose marksRemoved from the courseExpelled from the school/college
15 How to avoid Plagiarism Don’t rush research tasks/HomeworkDo NOT copy and pasteKeep notes of all research sites and format usedEffectively use Quotations, Paraphrases and Summaries
16 Quotations...A Quote must be a direct quote using exactly the same words and punctuation as the original text, no changes at all.Quotation Marks must be used.The original author must be attributed and the source detailed.
17 Paraphrases...A paraphrase is a passage of information put into your own words which is usually shorter than the original passage. (Condensed information)The original source must be attributed, the author and where it was sourced from.
18 Summaries... Putting main ideas into own words. Summaries are your very broad overview of a piece of information put into your own wordsThese are therefore significantly shorter than the original source.Original information must be referenced (author and source) even if only the main ideas are used.