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1 Operational Cost https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

2 Internet Engineering Task Force Operations 1 However, corporate sponsorship of the meetings is typically a more important factor and this schedule has not been kept strictly in order to decrease operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

3 Data center Availability expectations 1 The higher the availability needs of a data center, the higher the capital and operational costs of building and managing it https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

4 Image scanner Document camera scanners 1 No moving parts can also remove the need for maintenance, a consideration in the Total cost of ownership, which includes the continuing operational costs of scanners. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

5 Ceramic engineering - Aerospace 1 Unmanned Air Vehicles; Implications of ceramic engine utilization in aeronautical applications (such as Unmanned Air Vehicles) may result in enhanced performance characteristics and less operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

6 Minitel - Phonebook 1 On 11 February 2009, France Télécom and PagesJaunes announced that they were to cancel plans to end the Minitel service in March Its directory assistance service was still being accessed over a million times a month. This was before France Telecom retired the service on the 30th of June 2012, due to its own business purposes(operational cost, customers' loss due to lack of interest). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

7 New York University 1 The campus construction and operational costs are entirely funded by the Abu Dhabi government. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

8 Virtualization - Desktop virtualization 1 Moving virtualised desktops into the cloud creates hosted virtual desktops (HVD), where the desktop images are centrally managed and maintained by a specialist hosting firm. Benefits include scalability and the reduction of capital expenditure, which is replaced by a monthly operational cost. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

9 Supersonic transport - History 1 For both of these reasons the SST designs were doomed by higher operational costs, and the AST programs vanished by the early 1980s. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

10 Grid energy storage - Economics 1 To minimize the total operational cost of generating power, base load generators are dispatched most of the time, while peak power generators are dispatched only when necessary, generally when energy demand peaks https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

11 Maglev - Comparison with conventional trains 1 Backwards Compatibility: Maglev trains currently in operation are not compatible with conventional track, and therefore require all new infrastructure for their entire route, but this is not a negative if high levels of reliability and low operational costs are the goal https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

12 Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service desk 1 Central service desk: for organizations having multiple locations – reduces operational costs and improves usage of available resources https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

13 Information Technology Infrastructure Library - Service desk 1 Virtual service desk: for organizations having multi-country locations – can be situated and accessed from anywhere in the world due to advances in network performance and telecommunications, reducing operational costs and improving usage of available resources https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

14 Performance engineering - Further reading 1 The Vicious Cycle of Computer Systems Performance and IT Operational Costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

15 Multitenancy - History of multitenant applications 1 From the 1990s traditional application service providers (ASPs) hosted (then-existing) applications on behalf of their customers. Depending on the limitation of the underlying application, ASPs were forced to host applications on separate machines (if multiple instances of the applications could not be executed in the same physical machine) or as separate processes. Multitenant applications represent a more mature architecture that enables a similar service with lower operational cost. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

16 Crime prevention through environmental design - Effectiveness and criticism 1 Operational costs are often lower also, as CPTED lighting designs can significantly lower energy use https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

17 Algae fuel - Economic viability 1 The group found that capital cost, labor cost and operational costs (fertilizer, electricity, etc.) by themselves are too high for algae biofuels to be cost-competitive with conventional fuels https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

18 Interactive Voice Response - Criticism 1 Companies have also been criticized for using IVR to reduce operational costs but not offering similar services using agents. Such methods tend to frustrate customers who feel that their right to speak to an agent is being restricted. Examples of services criticized in this way include debt recovery and giveaways (concert tickets, satellite/cable receivers, etc.). https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

19 Motion capture - Time modulated active marker 1 Computer processing of modulated IDs allows less hand cleanup or filtered results for lower operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

20 CBS - Radio years 1 Operational costs were steep, particularly the payments to ATT for use of its land lines, and by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.Barnouw, Tower, p https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

21 Business process reengineering 1 BPR aimed to help organizations fundamentally rethink how they do their work in order to dramatically improve customer service, cut operational costs, and become world-class competitors.[ Business Process Re-engineering Assessment Guide], United States General Accounting Office, May https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

22 Business process reengineering - History 1 Business process re-engineering (BPR) began as a private sector technique to help organizations fundamentally rethink how they do their work in order to dramatically improve customer service, cut operational costs, and become world-class competitors https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

23 Public Library of Science - Business model 1 PLOS was launched with grants totaling US$13 million from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Sandler Family Supporting Foundation. PLOS confirmed in July 2011 that it no longer relies on subsidies from foundations and is covering its operational costs itself. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

24 List of driverless trains 1 The London Underground Victoria Line, opened in 1967, can be considered the first line operated with driverless trains. Many lines now operate like that, with the aim of reducing operational costs and improving the frequency of service. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

25 Plug-in hybrid - Tiered rate structure for electric bills 1 Customers under such tariffs could see significant savings by being careful about when the vehicle was charged, for example, by using a timer to restrict charging to off- peak hours. Thus, an accurate comparison of the benefit requires each household to evaluate its current electrical usage tier and tariffs weighed against the cost of gasoline and the actual observed operational cost of electric mode vehicle operation. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

26 CANDU reactor - Generation III+ designs 1 However, the design also requires the use of enriched uranium#slightly enriched uranium|slightly enriched uranium, enriched by about 1 or 2%. The main reason for this is to increase the burn-up ratio, allowing bundles to remain in the reactor longer, so that only a third as much spent fuel is produced. This also has effects on operational costs and timetables, as the refuelling frequency is reduced. As is the case with earlier CANDU designs, the ACR also offers online refuelling. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

27 CANDU reactor - Generation III+ designs 1 Outside of the reactor, the ACR-1000 has a number of design changes that are expected to dramatically lower capital and operational costs. Primary among these changes is the design lifetime of 60 years, which dramatically lowers the price of the electricity generated over the lifetime of the plant. The design also has an expected capacity factor of 90%. Higher pressure steam generators and turbines improve efficiency downstream of the reactor. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

28 National Ignition Facility - Re-baseline and GAO report 1 The report, Management and Oversight Failures Caused Major Cost Overruns and Schedule Delays, identified management problems for the overruns, and also criticized the program for failing to include a considerable amount of money dedicated to target fabrication in the budget, including it in operational costs instead of development https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

29 Water resources - Economic considerations 1 Once infrastructure is in place, operating water supply and sanitation systems entails significant ongoing costs to cover personnel, energy, chemicals, maintenance and other expenses. The sources of money to meet these capital and operational costs are essentially either user fees, public funds or some combination of the two. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

30 Peak oil - Synthetic sources 1 Capital and operational costs were uncertain mostly because the costs associated with sequestering are unknown.[http://www.lanl.gov/news/newsb ulletin/pdf/Green_Freedom_Overview.pdf Green Freedom: A Concept for Producing Carbon Neutral Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals], Los Alamos National Laboratory, by F https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

31 Intermittent energy source - Grid study in Ireland 1 The study cautions that various assumptions were made that may have understated dispatch restrictions, resulting in an underestimation of operational costs, required wind curtailment, and CO2 emissions and that The limitations of the study may overstate the technical feasibility of the portfolios analyzed... https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

32 Spark spread - Clean spread 1 However, it is important to note that the Clean Spark Spreads do not take into account additional generating charges (beyond fuel and carbon), such as operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

33 Natural building 1 The orientation of a building, the utilization of local climate and site conditions, the emphasis on natural ventilation through design, fundamentally lessen operational costs and positively impact the environmental https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

34 Autonomy - Space systems 1 : e.g. failure detection and recovery by spacecraft system without ground station involvement reduces Up-/Downlink usage and reduces operational costs on ground. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

35 PLOS ONE - Business model 1 PLoS had been operating at a loss until 2009 but covered its operational costs for the first time in 2010, largely due to the growth of PLOS ONE https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

36 Permaculture - Natural building 1 The orientation of a building, the utilization of local climate and site conditions, the emphasis on natural ventilation through design, fundamentally lessen operational costs and positively impact the environment https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

37 Missile defense - History 1 It was deactivated in 1976 after being operational for less than four months due to a changing political climate plus concern over limited effectiveness, low strategic value, and high operational cost. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

38 Automated guideway transit - Origins in mass transit 1 Since the system has to be automated in order to reduce the headways enough to be worthwhile, by automating the steering as well the operational costs can also be reduced compared to crewed vehicles. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

39 Solar thermal - Levelised cost 1 Given the facts that solar thermal power is reliable, can deliver peak load and does not cause pollution, a price of US$0.10 per kWh starts to become competitive, although a price of US$0.06 has been claimed With some operational cost a simple target is 1 dollar (or lower) investment for 1 kWh production in a year. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

40 Education in South Africa - School income and expenses 1 Schools in South Africa receive a grant from government for their operational costs, such as maintaining the grounds, administrative costs, salaries, books and educational materials, and extra-mural activities. Most schools supplement the government grant with other streams of income, such as school fees paid by parents, fundraising events, and receiving donations. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

41 Education in Cambodia - Lack of resources 1 school facilities. According to UNESCO, merely 1.6% of Cambodia's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is spent on education.: Even though the Cambodian government promises to provide $ $1.75 per student per year to each primary school for teaching materials and school operating costs, the sum is often insufficient to even cover the basic operational cost of the schools. Teachers often have to fork out their own money to buy items like chalk. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

42 ITIL - Service desk 1 * Central service desk: for organizations having multiple locations – reduces operational costs and improves usage of available resources https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

43 ITIL - Service desk 1 * Virtual service desk: for organizations having multi-country locations – can be situated and accessed from anywhere in the world due to advances in network performance and telecommunications, reducing operational costs and improving usage of available resources https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

44 Multitenant - History of multitenant applications 1 Multitenant applications represent a more mature architecture that enables a similar service with lower operational cost. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

45 Total cost of acquisition 1 Typically they do not include training, system integration costs that might be considered operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

46 Privacy-enhancing technologies - The business case for PETs 1 For example, it would be wrong to account all operational costs, including those that were there before the privacy enhancing functions were added https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

47 Bus rapid transit - Cost 1 Operational costs of running a BRT system are generally lower than light rail, though the exact comparison varies. In the study done by the GAO, BRT systems usually had lower costs based on operating cost per vehicle hour, operating cost per revenue mile, and operating cost per passenger trip, mainly because of lower vehicle cost and lower infrastructure cost. Diesel BRT is also much less expensive than a trolleybus system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

48 Renewable energy in Africa - Solar water pumping 1 These technologies require minimal maintenance, have low operational costs, and once set up, will help provide clean water for drinking and agriculture https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

49 Renewable energy in Africa - Examples 1 The Solar Water Purifier, developed and manufactured by an Australian company, is a low-maintenance, low operational cost solution that is able to purify large amounts of water, even seawater, to levels better than human consumption standards set by the World Health Organization.[http://www.solarwaterpurifier.co m/html/howworks.htm How SWP Works], Solar Water Purifier website, 2007 This device works through the processes of evaporation and UV radiation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

50 Diesel locomotive - Diesel’s advantages over steam 1 Moreover, maintenance and operational costs of steam locomotives were much higher than diesel counterparts even though it took diesel locomotives almost 50 years to reach the same power output that steam locomotives could achieve at their technological height https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

51 Fare - Uses 1 The fare paid is a contribution to the operational costs of the transport system involved, either partial (as is frequently the case with publicly supported systems) or total. The portion of operating costs covered by fares - the farebox recovery ratio - typically varies from 30%-60% in N America and Europe, with some rail systems in Asia over 100%. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

52 InterCityExpress - ICE TD 1 The ICE-TD can have lower operational cost for this traffic, since diesel for train usage has lower tax in Denmark, and the trains fill their tanks there. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

53 Forklift truck - Automated forklift trucks 1 In order to decrease work wages, reduce operational cost and improve productivity, Automated guided vehicle|automated forklifts have also been developed.[http:// /IUOM2005MECH/ automated-fork-lift/index.html Automated forklift project][http://www.fmcsgvs.com/content/products/ forked_vehicles.htm Forked AGV's] Automated forklifts are also called forked automated guided vehicles and are already available from a growing number of suppliers.[http://www.egeminusa.com/pages/agvs/ promat.html Egemin Trailer Loader] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

54 Arista Networks - Ethernet switches 1 In November 2013, Arista Networks introduced the Spline network, combining leaf and spine architectures into a single- tier network, which aims to cut operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

55 Serviceability (computer) 1 Incorporating serviceability facilitating features typically results in more efficient product maintenance and reduces operational costs and maintains business continuity https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

56 Financial management for IT services - IT accounting 1 Operational costs: Day to day recurring expenses cost like rental fees, monthly electrical invoices and salaries. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

57 Congestion charging - Panama Canal Transit Booking System and Transit Slot Auction 1 Considering the high operational costs of the vessels (containerships have daily operational costs of approximately US$40,000), the long queues that occur during the high season (sometimes up to a seven-day delay), and the high value of some of the cargo transported through the canal, the ACP implemented a congestion pricing scheme to allow a better management of the scarce capacity available and to increase the level of service offered to the shipping companies https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

58 Maglev train - Comparison with conventional trains 1 *'Backwards Compatibility': Maglev trains currently in operation are not compatible with conventional track, and therefore require all new infrastructure for their entire route, but this is not a negative if high levels of reliability and low operational costs are the goal https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

59 General Motors streetcar conspiracy - Other factors 1 *increased traffic congestion often reduced service speeds and thereby increased their operational costs and made the services less attractive to the remaining users. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

60 Habbo - History 1 In August 2007, Habbo's Chinese community closed down temporarily, the first time a Habbo website has closed. The challenging Chinese market and high operational costs led to the decision of closing the service. Customers in China were redirected to other Habbo communities. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

61 Transrapid - Levitation 1 This feature helps to reduce on-going maintenance and operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

62 Automatic meter reading - Advanced AMR and AMI 1 The resolution further identified the value of AMI in achieving significant utility operational cost savings in the areas of outage management, revenue protection and asset management https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

63 NYU - Campuses abroad 1 The campus construction and operational costs are entirely funded by the Abu Dhabi government https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

64 Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) 1 Proponents claim SaaS allows a business the potential to reduce IT operational costs by outsourcing hardware and software maintenance and support to the cloud provider https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

65 Session border controller - History and market 1 Such integration offers savings in the capital and operational costs, reduces floor-space, lowers power consumption and makes managing the network easier https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

66 Reusable launch system - Manpower Logistics 1 One issue mitigating against this drive for labor savings is government regulation. Given that NASA and USAF (as well as government programs in other countries) are the primary customers and sources of development capital, government regulatory requirements for oversight, parwork, quality, safety, and other documentation tend to inflate the operational costs of any such system. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

67 Douglas Background 1 To offset the operational costs, proponents of the SST concept suggested the lower trip times would command higher ticket prices https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

68 Douglas Douglas declines 1 By this point the 2229 effort had progressed to detail design. The 100- passenger aircraft had settled at about 420,000lbs, heavier than the Boeing 707 while holding 20% fewer passengers. As the operational costs of an aircraft are roughly defined by the aircraft fuel use, a function of weight, divided by the number of passengers, these numbers were not encouraging. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

69 North American DC-3 - Space Task Group 1 Fletcher ordered independent reviews of the shuttle concept; Lockheed was to prepare a report on how the shuttle could reduce payload costs, Aerospace Corporation was to make an independent report on development and operational costs, and Mathematica would later combine these two into a final definitive report https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

70 Aerial Common Sensor 1 The competing entry attempted to play up nationalist sympathies, and give the impression of a security risk by using a Brazilian airframe, provided by EMBRAER, using their more affordable, reliable, and cost effective (the latter two being questioned) EMBRAER ERJ 145|ERJ 145 platform — Gulfstream's airframe did have longer range and could fly at higher altitudes but the acquisition and operational costs (main requirements of DoD for ACS platform) of ERJ 145 were considered much more attractive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

71 Large-scale energy storage - Economics 1 To minimize the total operational cost of generating power, base load generators are dispatched most of the time, while peak power generators are dispatched only when necessary, generally when energy demand peaks https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

72 Security Industry Authority - ACS Fees 1 #Post-approval. The annual registration fee, payable on approval to cover the operational costs of the scheme. This fee is payable each year that approved status is maintained. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

73 Software modernization - Modernization Options 1 Re-implementing applications on new platforms in this way can reduce operational costs, and the additional capabilities of new technologies can provide access to functions such as web services and integrated development environments https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

74 HL-20 Personnel Launch System 1 The 'HL-20 Personnel Launch System' was a circa 1990 NASA spaceplane concept for manned orbital missions studied by NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. It was envisaged as a lifting body Atmospheric entry|re-entry vehicle similar to the Soviet BOR-4 spaceplane design. Its stated goals were to achieve low operational costs, improved flight safety, and a possibility of landing on conventional runways. No flight hardware was built. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

75 Mariculture - Sustainability 1 / /abstract However, investment and operational cost are currently significantly higher than open cages, limiting them to their current role as hatcheries. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

76 Frankfurt Airport - Passenger airlines and destinations 1 Due to capacity constraints until Autumn 2011 when the fourth runway went into operation, there are few low-cost carriers at Frankfurt Airport. Those airlines use Frankfurt-Hahn Airport as an alternative which also provides lower operational costs. Despite its name, Frankfurt-Hahn Airport lies about west of Frankfurt, closer to Koblenz and Mainz. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

77 Locomotives - Electric 1 While the capital cost of electrifying track is high, electric trains and locomotives are capable of higher performance and lower operational costs than steam or diesel power https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

78 Cochin, Kerala - Economy 1 Availability of cheap Bandwidth (computing)|bandwidth through Submarine communications cable|undersea cables and lower operational costs compared to other major cities in India, has been to its advantage https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

79 X-ray machine - Advances in X-ray technology 1 The carbon nanotube emitters also use less energy than conventional X-ray tubes leading to lower operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

80 2010 Winter Olympics - Operations 1 In 2004, the operational cost of the 2010 Winter Olympics was estimated to be Canadian $1.354billion (about £828,499,787, €975,033,598 or US$1,314,307,896) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

81 Iron Beam 1 The main benefits of using a directed energy weapon over conventional missile interceptors are lower costs per shot, an unlimited magazine, lower operational costs, and less manpower https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

82 Wikileaks - Funding model 1 WikiLeaks stated on its website that it would resume full operation once the operational costs were paid https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

83 Asset liability management - Assessment of possible funding sources 1 * Costs : a bank can privilegiate interest bearing deposit products for retail clients as it is still considered as a cheap form of stable funding but the fierce competition between banks to attract a big market share has increased the acquisition and operational costs generated to manage large volume treatment (personnel, advertising...) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

84 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design - Benefits and disadvantages 1 However, these higher initial costs can be effectively mitigated by the savings incurred over time due to the lower-than- industry-standard operational costs typical of a LEED certified building https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

85 Roaming user profile - Alternatives 1 By separating the user from the desktop and managing it as a separate component, organizations can adopt multi- platform/delivery mechanism desktop environments. AppSense simplifies desktop management overhead, reduces operational costs, improves end user experience and ensure that user settings and corporate policy is applied to set up, configure and personalize a desktop, no matter how that desktop is delivered or where it is hosted. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

86 Michigan Department of Corrections - New Horizons 1 In 2004, the department initiated a prisoner re-entry act, with the intent of re-integrating prisoners into society so that they may lead a life free of crime. Offenders who have participated in the program are showing a 30% decline in the rate at which they return to prison. Michigan is a national model in prisoner re-entry and has seen at decline of over 7,000 prisoners since May 2007, saving the State of Michigan over $700 million in operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

87 FAST Search Server 2010 for SharePoint - More recent developments 1 As a result of this the company has announced that it will implement a layoff program of 20% of all staff, reducing the quarterly operational cost base in excess of United States dollar|USD 12M, as it tries to return to profitability https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

88 Backup site - Choosing 1 Choosing the type is mainly decided by an organizations cost vs. benefit strategy. Hot sites are traditionally more expensive than cold sites since much of the equipment the company needs has already been purchased and thus the operational costs are higher. However if the same organization loses a substantial amount of revenue for each day they are inactive then it may be worth the cost. Another advantage of a hot site is that it can be used for operations prior to a disaster happening. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

89 Business Process Re-engineering 1 BPR aimed to help organizations fundamentally rethink how they do their work in order to dramatically improve customer service, cut operational costs, and become world-class competitors.[http://www.gao.gov/assets/80 /76302.pdf Business Process Re- engineering Assessment Guide], United States General Accounting Office, May 1997 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

90 Affordable housing - New York City 1 Sustainable development in affordable houses also results in lower operational costs and utility bills, better air quality, and an overall improvement in health.Patricia Burke et al https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

91 Network resource planning - Next generation networks 1 Over the next five years, the vast majority of tier-1 and -2 service providers are expected to shift to convergent network planning systems to handle the complexity of these networks, as well as reduce CAPEX and operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

92 Management Accounting Principles - Historical Timeline ― Establishing Management Accounting Principles 1 :'1923 – John Maurice Clark. Studies in the Economics of Overhead Costs'. Management Accounting theory developed and was embedded in his cost allocation discussion; Clark stressed the need to consider causes and their effects. He was also the first to delineate operational cost concepts from decision cost concepts having introduced the concept of avoidability. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

93 Management Accounting Principles - Management Accounting Principles Are Not GAAP 1 :a)Historical cost principle (Kieso, Weygandt and Warfield)p38 – the only time this principle reflects cost is at the initial time of purchase or acquisition. In subsequent periods, the historical cost along with taxation-driven depreciation methods does not help managers determine their current operational cost factors. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

94 Swissair - Concentration 1 Because of the weak economy, the Gulf War and its aftermath, and rising operational costs, many airlines lost money in 1990 and 1991 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

95 Veterinary Medicines Directorate - Costs 1 Operational costs are recovered through charges to the veterinary pharmaceutical industry, the food industry, and Defra. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

96 Veterinary Medicines Directorate - Costs 1 During 2003/2004 operational costs totalled £11,960,000: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

97 Nebulized - Jet nebulizer 1 The main advantage of the Jet nebulizer is related to its low operational cost https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

98 2010 United States Census - Cost 1 Operational costs were $5.4 billion, significantly under the $7 billion budget https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

99 2010 United States Census - Cost 1 In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operating expense|operational costs came in significantly under budget; of an almost $7 billion operational budget: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

100 Southwest Airlines - Current fleet 1 Newer Boeing variants are being upgraded with retrofitted electronic flight decks and wingtip device|blended winglets to reduce operational costs. The retrofits will make the s operationally compatible with the and support the airline's move to embrace the Global Positioning System enabled Required Navigation Performance system.[http://www.aviationpartnersboeing.co m/news/pdf/pr/2006/SouthwestAir.pdf] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

101 Airline alliance - Rationale 1 ** Lower prices due to lowered operational costs for a given route. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

102 Codeshare agreement - For airlines 1 * When an airline sacrifices its capacity to other airlines as a code share partner, its operational cost will generally be reduced to nil. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

103 MeerKAT - Technical Specifications 1 MeerKAT supports a wide range of observing modes, including deep continuum, polarisation and spectral line imaging, pulsar timing and transient searches. A range of standard data products are provided, including an imaging pipeline. A number of data spigots are also available to support user-provided instrumentation. Significant design and qualification efforts are planned to ensure high reliability to achieve low operational cost and high availability. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

104 Chinese labour law - History 1 China appealed to foreign investors with its cheap labor, its preferential investment policies and its immense market. Employers feared the new law would have meant bigger severance package|severance payments and higher operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

105 Tourism in the United Kingdom - Domestic tourism 1 This tradition has faded significantly due to competition from overseas package holiday operators, rising operational costs, and rapidly changing demand which forced many holiday camps to close in the 1980s and 1990s. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

106 List of Chinese inventions - Modern (1949-present) 1 The new frictionless maglev wind generator requires wind speeds of only 1.5 m per second (or 5km an hour) to start and are expected to cut operational costs for wind farms by half, i.e https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

107 CBS Music Group - Radio years 1 Operational costs were steep, particularly the payments to ATT for use of its land lines, and by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.Barnouw, Tower, p https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

108 Yota - Long Term Evolution (LTE) 1 Establishing a holding company helped accelerate the implementation of new technologies in Russia, reduce expenses for building of a LTE network together with the operational costs, reduced final costs of services and ultimately made them more accessible https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

109 Upcycling - Upcycling in industry 1 The use of Brewer's spent grain, a waste product of brewing|brewing processes, as a substrate in biogas|biogas processes eliminates the need for disposal and can generate significant profit to the overall brewing process. Depending on the substrate's price, a profit of approximately 20% of the operational costs is possible. In this process, the biogas plant acts as an “upcycler”. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

110 Matt Williams (Internet entrepreneur) - Digg.com 1 Despite these improvements, the company's burn rate remained high, resulting in layoffs of 40% of staff and cuts in operational costs in order to approach cash flow positive in https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

111 Moto X (2014 version) - Hardware 1 Unlike the original Moto X, which was manufactured at a plant in Fort Worth, Texas, customized second generation Moto X models are manufactured in China; in May 2014, Motorola announced it would close the Fort Worth plant it had used to construct Moto X smartphones domestically due to high operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

112 Economic impacts of climate change - Regions 1 *'Polar regions': Anisimov et al. (2001:804) reviewed the literature on climate change impacts in polar regions. With very high confidence, they concluded that the impact of climate change on infrastructure would increase economic costs. New opportunities for trading and shipping across the Arctic ocean, lower operational costs for the oil and gas industry, lower heating costs, and easier access for ship-based tourism, were expected to bring economic benefits. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

113 Economy of Jordan - Transport 1 Volatility in fuel prices is almost certainly going to have negative effects on operational costs and as such may hamper the sector’s average annual growth of around 6% https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

114 Dia (supermarket chain) - Background 1 Dia is a discount supermarket chain which follows a policy of reduction of prices by means of minimizing operational costs. The furniture and decoration of the store are minimal. Costs are also reduced by limiting the choice of products to a narrow selection of European brand name and white-label Dia brand goods. The chain also sells small appliances. Its policy of communication is based on mass media campaigns as well as periodic flyers featuring products which are on special sale. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

115 Economy of Nigeria - Overview 1 Reportedly, 80% of Nigeria's energy revenues flow to the government, 16% cover operational costs, and the remaining 4% go to investors https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

116 National Park Service - Offsetting Reductions and Fixed Costs in Various Accounts 1 Within this category are a number of one- time events, which are added or removed as the events require. Notably in the FY 2009 and FY 2010 is the removal of the costs for the presidential inaugural. Other savings are identified through reduced operational costs from energy-efficient retro-fitting and the demolition of structures beyond repair. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

117 Coin-operated machine - Specialized vending 1 Starting with 1994, vending machines approached successfully the basic food commerce specialization and began to compete with the Fast-Moving Consumer Goods industry. Milk dispensers and egg vending machines networks spreading in European towns accelerated after The basic food vending machines are usually owned by farmers selling their production directly to consumers, providing fresh food to urban population at low prices, small operational costs and encouraging the distributism. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

118 SpaceX Rocket Development and Test Facility - Falcon 9 1 A 2011 estimate showed that the project was expected to cost between $20 to $30 million for the first 24 months of construction and operation; thereafter, operational costs were expected to be $5– 10 million per year. SpaceX papers filed with Regulatory agencies|regulatory authorities indicate they could launch up to 16 flights per year from Vandenberg by https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

119 Distant Early Warning Line - Operations 1 The US retained responsibility and all operational costs for North Warning System stations located in Alaska and Greenland. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

120 Sludge - Background and history 1 The wider question is whether or not changes on the sea floor caused by the portion of sludge that settles are severe enough to justify the added operational cost and human health concerns of applying sludge to land https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

121 Artist Pension Trust - Artwork distribution 1 The artworks in the trust are gradually sold over the course of 20 years for the benefit of the artists. The funds from the net proceeds of each artwork sold are distributed in the following manner: 72% are distributed to the artists in the trust, with 40% to the individual artist and 32% among the artists in that trust based on the number of artworks they have deposited. The remaining 28% is used to cover the operational costs of the trusts. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

122 Pallet racking - Other common types 1 Mobilized pallet racks have helped many organizations reduce or eliminate new building construction costs, auxiliary warehouses, building expansions, and decrease ongoing operational costs (lighting, energy, insurance) by maximizing the use of their storage floor space. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

123 Storage efficiency 1 'Storage efficiency' is the ability to store and manage data that consumes the least amount of space with little to no impact on performance; resulting in a lower total operational cost. Efficiency addresses the real-world demands of managing costs, reducing complexity and limiting risk. The Storage Industry Networking Association (Storage Networking Industry Association|SNIA) defines storage efficiency in the SNIA Dictionary as follows: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

124 Brigade Combat Team - Armored brigade combat team 1 The operational cost per mile with these combat systems is $66,735 per mile https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

125 Canadian Pacific Railway - History 1 The large subsidy also needed to compensate the CPR for not constructing the line at a privately optimal time late in the future, but rather right away when projected demand would not cover operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

126 Taro 1 Flooded cultivation has some advantages over dry-land cultivation: higher yields (about double), out-of-season production (which may result in higher prices), and weed control (which flooding facilitates). On the other hand, in flooded production systems taro requires a longer maturation period, investment in infrastructure, and higher operational costs, and monoculture is likely. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

127 Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider - Financial information 1 [http://www.aip.org/fyi/2005/168.html FYI, November 22, 2005;] [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html ?res=F20713F73C550C748EDDA80994D D New York Times, November 27, 2005.] was uncertain, a key portion of the operational cost (13 million U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

128 Mérida Initiative - Funding 1 State Department officials, 59% of the proposed assistance will go to civil agencies responsible for law enforcement, and 41% to operational costs for the Mexican Army and Mexican Navy https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

129 Kavala - Education/Research 1 * 'Historical Literary Archives of Kavala':[http://www.ilak.org/en/] It is purely a non-profiteering, public utility foundation. The foundation of the Historical Literary Archives of Kavala is not subsidized by the Greek State, neither by any other enterprise of the private sector. Its operational cost is covered only by its founders and by infrequent aids of the local self-government. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

130 Moto X (2nd generation) - Hardware 1 Like the original Moto X, the new version is customized in Fort Worth, Texas,[https://plus.google.com/+DerekRos s/posts/cPTnSqeKxkZ The Moto X 2014 is still assembled in the USA], Derek Ross though the plant is scheduled to close at the end of 2014; in May 2014, Motorola announced it would close the Fort Worth plant it had used to construct Moto X smartphones domestically due to high operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

131 Mon–Fayette Expressway - Tolls 1 Rejection resulted from concerns related to camera enforcement, billing, and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

132 Kiva (organization) - Field Partner fraud and institutional weakness 1 * MIFEX—Flannery writes that the loan sizes were inflated by 30 percent, and the excess was used to pay operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

133 European System of Central Banks - Organization 1 The NCBs of the non-participating countries have to pay up 7% of their respective subscriptions to the ECB's capital as a contribution to the operational costs of the ECB https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

134 United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus - Finances 1 The annual cost for maintaining UNFICYP is estimated at $57,390,000. This includes the voluntary contribution by the Government of Cyprus of one third of the cost of the force and the annual amount of $6,500,000 contributed by the Government of Greece. Turkey does not directly contribute to the force's budget. The operational cost of UNFICYP just during the period from 16 June 1993 to 31 October 2010 was US$2.91 billion. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

135 Waste converter - Applications 1 In addition to the marked improvement in sanitation, on-site treatment of hazardous waste allows operational cost savings for these facilities https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

136 Waste converter - Competing Technologies 1 These solutions have been economically forced out of the mainstream use because of their high complexity and operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

137 Canadian Do Not Call List - Technological shortcomings 1 Although the CRTC had rejected the Query/Response methodology, citing grounds of operational cost and complexity, a one-number-at-a-time Query/Response turned out to be so operationally simple and inexpensive that it is provided by the CRTC, free of charge, without restriction, to anyone who cares to use it https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

138 Canadian Do Not Call List - Technological shortcomings 1 The CRTC's decision to expire registrations is regarded by citizens' rights groups as a technical shortcoming that adds unnecessary operational cost and complexity to the system, as well as limiting registrants' freedom to express their wishes. On June 17, 2008, the USA made registrations permanent until the number is disconnected or reassigned, citing...benefits to the public and to consumer privacy interests.... https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

139 Centrex - Packaged Centrex 1 Packaged Centrex customers could be offered a fixed set of features in package A, a different set of features in package B, and so on. These packages can be offered at a relatively low cost as little or no customization is permitted, minimizing the operational costs of programming and maintaining the services for the telephone company. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

140 Marine propulsion - LNG Engines 1 Benefits of dual-fuel engines include fuel and operational flexibility, high efficiency, low emissions, and operational cost advantages. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

141 Marine propulsion - LNG Engines 1 Company profits from tax cuts and operational cost advantages has led to the gradual growth of LNG fuel use in engines. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

142 West Virginia Turnpike - Future 1 Rejection resulted from concerns related to camera enforcement, billing, and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

143 Iraq sanctions - Allocation of export proceeds 1 * 2.2% for United Nations administrative and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

144 Criticism of the Space Shuttle program - Costs 1 * When the decision was made on the main shuttle contractors in 1972, work was spread among companies to make the program more attractive to Congress, such as the contract for the Solid Rocket Boosters to Morton Thiokol in Utah. Over the course of the program, this raised operational costs, though the consolidation of the US aerospace industry in the 1990s means the majority of the Shuttle was now with one company: the United Space Alliance, a joint venture of Boeing and Lockheed Martin. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

145 Criticism of the Space Shuttle program - Retrospect 1 Nixon in 1971, the operational costs, flight rate, payload capacity, and reliability have been much worse than anticipated https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

146 Criticism of the Space Shuttle program - Future 1 Designers look to more economical and reliable launch systems for the future, with lower maintenance and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

147 Straight through processing 1 Historically, STP solutions were needed to help financial market firms move to one- day Settlement (finance)|trade settlement of equity Financial transaction|transactions, as well as to meet the global demand resulting from the explosive growth of online trading. Now the concepts of STP are applied to reduce systemic and operational risk and to improve certainty of settlement and minimize operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

148 Taxpayer Bill of Rights - Advocates 1 Measuring all K-12 education expenditures (including construction costs and debt repayment) for 2003–2004, data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) place Colorado at 28th in the nation ($9,073). Strictly measuring operational costs for the same year, Colorado ranks anywhere from 23rd ($8,263 - National Education Association) to 33rd ($7,478 - NCES) in current per- pupil spending. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

149 Space Shuttle design process 1 To lower the development costs of the resulting designs, boosters were added, a throw-away fuel tank was adopted, and many other changes made that greatly lowered the reusability and greatly added to vehicle and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

150 Space Shuttle design process - Shuttle design debate 1 During the early shuttle studies, there was a debate over the optimal shuttle design that best balanced capability, development cost, and operational cost https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

151 Space Shuttle design process - Retrospection after three decades 1 Opinions differ on the lessons of the Shuttle. It was developed with the original development cost and time estimates given to President Richard M. Nixon in 1971, at a cost of United States Dollar|US$6.744 billion in 1971 dollars versus an original $5.15 billion estimate. The operational costs, flight rate, payload capacity, and reliability have been different than anticipated, however. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

152 Fiber reinforced plastic - Carbon-fibre-reinforced polymers 1 **Overall reduction in production and operational costs, economy of parts results in lower production costs and the weight savings create fuel savings that lower the operational costs of flying the aeroplane. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

153 Oportunidades - The Political Organization of Progresa-Oportunidades 1 As a centrally administered program, Oportunidades allows for low operational costs and a greater level of efficiency in the transmission of benefits directly to the participants in the program https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

154 Mobile asset management - Concerns with usage of tracking mobile assets 1 On average, businesses spend 5% of annual revenue on logistics assets, and almost one-fifth of respondents spend more than 10%.[http://www.aberdeen.com/summary/r eport/other/rfid_lam.asp RFID-Enabled Logistics Asset Management: Improving Capital Utilization, Increasing Availability, and Lowering Total Operational Costs], Aberdeen Group https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

155 Datsun - Rebranding 1 Operational costs included the changing of signs at 1,100 Datsun dealerships, and amounted to US$30 million https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

156 Air Botswana - Privatisation attempts 1 Because the airline had been regularly posting financial losses, which in part is due to overstaffing, the operation of an ageing, fuel-inefficient fleet, increasing operational costs, inadequate management expertise and an inability to retain and attract qualified pilots, the government earmarked Air Botswana to be the first of the parastatals to be privatisation|privatised https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

157 Southwest Airlines Flight Current fleet 1 Newer Boeing variants are retrofitted with electronic flight decks and wingtip device|blended winglets to reduce operational costs. The retrofits make the s operationally compatible with the and support the airline's move to embrace the Global Positioning System enabled Required Navigation Performance system.[http://www.aviationpartnersboeing.co m/news/pdf/pr/2006/SouthwestAir.pdf] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

158 Burger King products - Broiling 1 Beyond the flexibility of the new broilers, the new equipment has several features intended to decrease operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

159 Air Malawi - Independent operations ( ) 1 In September 1978, the VC-10 was withdrawn from service, because of increasing operational costs which were a burden on the airline's financial stability, and the two Viscounts were sold to Air Zimbabwe in 1979 and Three Shorts Skyvans and a Beechcraft King Air were purchased in The airline moved its international flights in 1983 from Blantyre to Lilongwe with the inauguration of Kamuzu International Airport, however its maintenance bases remained at Blantyre. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

160 LRC (train) - LRC 1 In spite of the older engine design, the LRC was a great advance in the state of the art over the Turbo in every way, offering a smoother ride at the same or faster speeds, with lower capital and operational costs, and the ability to easily change train lengths https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

161 Frankfurt am Main Airport - Passenger airlines and destinations 1 Due to capacity constraints until autumn 2011 when the fourth runway went into operation, there are few low-cost carriers operating at Frankfurt Airport. Those airlines use Frankfurt-Hahn Airport as an alternative which also provides lower operational costs. Despite its name, Frankfurt-Hahn Airport lies about west of Frankfurt, closer to Koblenz and Mainz. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

162 Regional jet - History 1 Unlike the Dash 7 example BAe did not respond by producing a twin-engine design that filled the same range requirements but offering lower operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

163 Downeaster - Ridership and finances 1 In fiscal year 2012 the Downeaster generated $8.1 million in revenues, of which $7.4 million was from ticket sales. As of 2013, operational costs were around $15m annually, $5.6 million of which is covered by Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funding, $8.1 million in revenues, and $1.8 in operating subsidy from the State of Maine. The state governments of Massachusetts and New Hampshire do not pay to operate the train, whose residents make up 42% of overall ridership. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

164 BBC Manchester 1 The move would aim to boost the ailing Manchester media industry, lower operational costs compared to London and represent the north of England more proportionally https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

165 Florida Lottery - Other Florida Lottery Information 1 Though the Florida Lottery’s expenses and payouts vary from year to year, approximately 50 to 60 percent of its net revenue makes up the games’ prize pools, 30 to 40 percent is transferred to the Educational Enhancement Trust Fund, 6 percent is paid to retailers in the form of commissions, 2 percent is paid to the Lottery’s on-line and Scratch-Off ticket vendors, and the remaining 2 percent covers operational costs, including advertising. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

166 Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail 1 One reason for the lack of deployment was that the PEM protocol depended on prior deployment of a hierarchical public key infrastructure (PKI) with a single root. Deployment of such a PKI proved impossible as the operational cost and legal liability of the root and 'policy' Certificate authority|CAs became understood. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

167 ATM usage fees - India 1 In 2014, the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) the banking regulator for the country issued a directive on request from large ATM network and card issuer banks which expressed concern that,growing cost of ATM network operational cost, large amount of cash outgo and it's reconciliation as well as and huge outflow of acquiring fee outgo need to be controlled by removing free transactions from other bank ATMs by the customers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

168 Diesel locomotives - Diesel’s advantages over steam 1 Moreover, maintenance and operational costs of steam locomotives were much higher than diesel counterparts even though it took diesel locomotives almost 50 years to reach the same power output that steam locomotives could achieve at their technological height https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

169 Network Knowledge - Establishing an educational consortium 1 The D. L. Markley design was a balance of engineering, economics, and the service region of the education institution members in the largely rural west-central Illinois region. Larger urban areas in the region were considered crucial for ongoing community support and sufficient financial support (grants, fund raising) to cover operational costs of the non-commercial educational network. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

170 Butlins 1 Tough competition from overseas package holiday operators, rising operational costs, and rapidly changing demand, forced many of the Butlins operations to close in the 1980s and 1990s https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

171 Houston Hornets - Teams 1 The New Haven Warriors and Oneida FC withdrew after the 2012 season, and the 2013 season ran as a six-team competition. The competition was split into two conferences for the 2014 season, to accommodate four expansion clubs and reduce operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

172 Foreign Military Financing 1 Some FMF pays for SAO salaries and operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

173 Direct bank - History 1 As the Internet became more widely accessible, traditional banks sought to reduce operational costs by offering internet banking services https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

174 Vineyard - Vignette 1 A vignette is a 500 square metre vineyard which is part of a larger consolidated vineyard. Investors purchase a piece of land within a vineyard, and outsource the grape maintenance and production operations to an outside grape grower or wine producers. Because they are contracting under a co-operative structure, they benefit from economies of scale and hence cheaper labour and operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

175 Jack Nicklaus - Other interests 1 Monies raised during the campaign will be used to construct the new holes, complete the construction of the Rehabilitation and Learning Center, make improvements to the original holes to enhance accessibility, upgrade the maintenance facilities and restrooms, and help underwrite operational costs. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

176 SpiceJet –2012: Inception and expansion 1 Neil Mills said that the airline was making preparations so as to directly import jet fuel reducing operational costs https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

177 Blue Chip Stamps 1 These programs required less of a customer's time and also had lower operational costs: they did not require retail outlets for the redemption of stamps, and the discounts often were restricted to the products offered by the participating stores, i.e., the participating stores were discounting merchandise that they would keep in stock even without the reward program. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

178 Brazil cost 1 'Brazil Cost' ( ) refers to the increased operational costs associated with doing business in Brazil, making Brazilian goods and services more expensive compared to other countries. There are several factors that contribute to the extra cost, including: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

179 California State Route 91 - History 1 Maintenance and operational costs for the facility are also the responsibility of CPTC. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

180 2011 SEA Games - Host cities 1 Initially, the government had named four provinces as candidates to host the SEA Games 2011, namely Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and South Sumatra. However this idea has been discarded and host only granted for two provinces. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has suggested two provinces would be enough for Indonesia to host the 26th SEA Games, to reduce operational costs and make the games easier to organize. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

181 African Union Mission to Somalia - Expanding role 1 She also emphasized the importance of collaboration between Somalia and Ethiopia.[http://dalsanradio.com/articles/2197/Somali- government-welcomes-Ethiopia-AMISOM-integration Somali government welcomes Ethiopia AMISOM integration] The Ethiopian authorities' announcement came a month after a failed October bombing attempt by Al-Shabaab in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, and a week after Ethiopia received a renewed terrorism threat from the insurgent group.[http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/10/ethiopia- al-shabab-hit-list html Is Ethiopia on al- Shabab's hit list?] According to Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Ambassador Dina Mufti, the Ethiopian military's decision to join AMISOM is intended to render the peacekeeping operation more secure.[http://allafrica.com/stories/ html Somalia: Ethiopia Decides to Join Amisom Force in Somalia] Analysts also suggested that the move was primarily motivated by financial considerations, with the Ethiopian forces' operational costs now slated to be under AMISOM's allowance budget https://store.theartofservice.com/the-operational-cost-toolkit.html

182 For More Information, Visit: https://store.theartofservice.co m/the-operational-cost- toolkit.html https://store.theartofservice.co m/the-operational-cost- toolkit.html The Art of Service https://store.theartofservice.com


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