History Church hill is considered the oldest neighborhood in Richmond which overlooks downtown Richmond, and Shockoe Bottom Richmond was chartered and considered a town in 1742 Richmond was deemed capital of Virginia in 1781 Under command of Benedict Arnold the city of Richmond was burned by British troops The first steam locomotive service to the city began with the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad in 1836 In 1838 the Medical College of Virginia was created in Richmond
Historic District of Richmond VA Union Hill Chimborazo Fairmont Peter Paul Woodville
Location of St. John’s Episcopal Church The site where Patrick Henry gave his speech “Give me Liberty or give me Death”
Speech was given on March 23, 1775 he presented Virginia’s resolutions “"into a posture of defense, embodying, arming, and disciplining such a number of men may be sufficient for that purpose." After these Resolutions were stated votes were taken and passed by a small margin joining Virginia into the American Revolution
Pop Quiz Where did Patrick Henry have his famous speech? 1. Monroe Park 2. Maymont park 4. St. Paul’s Baptist Church 3. St. John’s Episcopal Church
Church Hill Tunnel Built in 1873 Built by the City of Richmond, VA and the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Railway Co. to connect the central city to the riverfront.
Church Hill Tunnel In 1925 the tunnel needed to be widened to accommodate larger trains The C&O hired about 200 day laborers to clean and widen the tunnel on October 2, 1925
Church Hill Tunnel The tunnel collapsed in 1925
Current status of Church Hill Train Tunnel Today the Tunnel is owned by CSX Transportation and still considered dangerous. Although this tunnel is sealed and it is still said to be unsafe The soil where the tunnel was located would expand when it was wet and contract when it was dry and was the cause of Cave-ins in the tunnel Due to this factor it caused this water issues with the ground and tunnel creating safety issues, even after the collapse in 1925.
Pictures of Current status of Church Hill Train Tunnel East side of tunnelWest side of tunnel
Pictures of Current status of Church Hill Train Tunnel
Pop Quiz What year was Church Hill Tunnel built? 1. 1887 2. 1825 4. 1873 3. 1925
Pop Quiz True or False TRUE / FALSE Church Hill Tunnel was built by the City of Richmond, VA and the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Railway Co. to connect the central city to the riverfront.
Pop Quiz How many workers died from this accident? 1. 3 or 4 workers 2. 30-40 workers 4. Couple hundreds 3. 7 or 8 workers
Trying to excavate locomotive 231 Pete Clausman, chairman and CEO of Gulf and Ohio railway, announced his intention to excavate the train buried in the Church Hill tunnel Dr. Charles F. Bryan, Jr., our president and CEO of Virginia Historical Society, hopes and wants the train to be dug up from the ground and to become part of the collections
Richmond Urban legends The collapse of the Church hill tunnel in 1925 is the cause of several city legends This tunnel collapse has created stories that the train was carrying many passengers who are still buried below Jefferson Park