2Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 Leaders: North & South North = Major AndersonSouth = General BeauregardSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyCharleston Harbor, South CarolinaIsland fortBombardment of the fortCasualties:No casualtiesFinal OutcomeNorthern troops surrenderedSouth Won the Fort
4First Battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General McDowellSouth = Stonewall Jackson, General BeauregardSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyManassas, VirginiaUnion troops were poorly trainedCasualties:North = 2,700South = 2,000Final OutcomeSouth won – showed war would be long and bloody.
6Hampton Roads-Monitor v. Merrimack March/April, 1862 Leaders:North & SouthNone mentioned.Set-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyOff the coast of Norfolk, VirginiaShips plated with iron.Casualties:Neither ship was seriously damaged.Final OutcomeNo clear winnerChanged Naval warfare forever
7***What role did the Battle of Shiloh play in the Union’s strategy? April 6-7, 1862One of the bloodiest battles of the warGrant & Union forces were surprised by a Confederate attackReinforcements arrived to help Grant – Pushed back ConfederatesWon greater control of Mississippi Valley***What role did the Battle of Shilohplay in the Union’s strategy?
9Battle of Shiloh April 6-7, 1862 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General Grant, General ShermanSouth = General Johnston & General BeauregardSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyShiloh Church, TennesseeConfederates launched surprise attackNear Mississippi R.Casualties:North = over 13,000 deadSouth = over 10,000 deadFinal OutcomeUnion wonOne of the bloodiest battles
11Battle of Antietam Sept. 17, 1862 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General McClellanSouth = General LeeSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographySharpsburg, MarylandLee was hoping for a Confederate victory in the North.Casualties:Over 23,000 (23,100)Final OutcomeNorth claimed victory – Confederate advance was stopped.
13Battle of Fredericksburg December 1862 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General BurnsideSouth = General LeeSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyRichmond, VAUnion hoped to capture RichmondConfederates withdrew to a nearby hill – Union forces charged up the hill and were shot down 6 times.Casualties:Union: 13,000Confederate: 5,300Final OutcomeUnion had to retreat, suffered another defeat. (Confederates won.)
15Battle of Chancellorsville May 18, 1863 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General HookerSouth = General Lee & General JacksonSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyConfederates attack Union forces in Virginia.Casualties:Union: 18,400Confederate: 13,000Stonewall Jackson was shot by friendly fire.Final OutcomeUnion lost and had to retreat. (Confederate victory)
16Battle of Vicksburg Ended July 4, 1863 6 week siege of Vicksburg Confederate forces were surrounded – supplied ran out – forced to eat horses, dogs, and cats. Confederates surrendered to General GrantUnion gained full control of the Mississippi River***How do you think this battle & Shiloh affected Grant’s standing in the Union army?
17Battle of Vicksburg Ended July 4, 1863 Leaders:North & SouthNorth = General GrantSouth = General PembertonSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyVicksburg, MississippiUnion surrounded city for 6 weeksCasualties:Union – over 10,000Confederates – over 9,000Final OutcomeUnion won – Gained control of Mississippi River – Split South in 2.Grant put as General-in-chief of Union
19Discussion Question…How might Lee’s brilliant wins at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville have contributed to his defeat at Gettysburg???
20Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863 Confederates were led by General Lee north into PennsylvaniaThey hoped to defeat the Union Army in the North and then be able to attack Washington D.C.Union forces set up on the high ground outside Gettysburg1st Day = Union Calvary held the high ground until more troops could arrive (fish hook)
21Battle of Gettysburg2nd Day = Confederates attacked both ends of the Union lineUnion line held3rd Day = Confederates attacked the center of the Union line (Pickett’s famous charge across 1 mile)Great Union victoryTurning point of the war – From Union defeats to Union victoriesSouth never came close to winning the war after.
22Battle of GettysburgBloodiest battle in American History = 53,000 combined lossesLincoln traveled to the battlefield afterward and delivered the Gettysburg Address (“Four score and seven years ago…”)Gettysburg Address reminded Americans that “All men are created equal…”
23Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863 Leaders:North & SouthSouth = General Lee & General PickettSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyGettysburg, PALee hoped to invade the North, mistakenly came upon Union troops.Casualties:Union – 23,000Confederates – 28,000Final OutcomeUnion won. Turning point of the war.Gettysburg Address reminded Americans that “all men are created equal.”
25Battle of Atlanta July 22, 1864 Leaders: North & South North = General ShermanSouth = General HoodSet-Up:Location, Strategy, or GeographyAtlanta, GeorgiaUnion surrounded city & wore down Confederates.Casualties:Union – over 3,600Confederates – over 8,400Final OutcomeUnion won – showed that the end of the war was in sight.