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Moving forward from Copenhagen: avenues for cooperation and action Yvo de Boer Executive Secretary UNFCCC.

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Presentation on theme: "Moving forward from Copenhagen: avenues for cooperation and action Yvo de Boer Executive Secretary UNFCCC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Moving forward from Copenhagen: avenues for cooperation and action Yvo de Boer Executive Secretary UNFCCC

2 The UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen 2009 While disappointing to many, the conference was important because: It raised climate change policy to where it belongs: the highest political level; It advanced critical technical issues in the Bali Road Map negotiations It produced the Copenhagen Accord (not legally binding): A letter of political intent; 109 countries have associated 2°C short-term and long-term finance a review by 2015 targets; actions

3 What is not in the Copenhagen Accord US targets for 2030 and 2050 EU objective to reduce emissions by % by 2050 Mexico’s intention to halve emissions by 2050 compared to 2002 China’s desire to change the direction of growth Seizing the opportunity in the energy sector – IEA: halving emissions possible by 2050, but requires energy revolution Targets for 2020 are modest; fundamental change is needed to achieve 2050 targets Investments to 2020 vs. investments to 2050

4 Copenhagen: unresolved issues 1.Issues which came close to being concluded in the AWG- LCA and AWG KP 2.Unresolved issues on which the Copenhagen Accord may provide points of convergence, e.g.: How to translate the long-term goal of 2C into emissions reductions MRV 3.Remaining issues on which little progress was made First negotiating session: 9 – 11 April 2010

5 Priorities during 2010 Rebuild confidence and trust Progress is needed on finance: the 30 billion USD for adaptation and mitigation in developing countries need to flow - EU Clarity on what “legally binding” could entail Procedure to use points of convergence in the Accord to conclude the Bali Road Map negotiations

6 Different interests and concerns in the negotiations Developed countries: fear the price tag of action, loss of competitiveness and carbon leakage Developing countries: fear targets imposed through the backdoor Small Island developing countries: fear that too little ambition will lead to their demise Oil producing countries: fear the adverse effects of response measures m ALBA countries: fear that a solution based on capitalist principles will not translate into a solution

7 The view of developing countries Developing countries are hesitant to engage because: Targets have not been met by industrialised countries – developing countries not ready to abandon the Kyoto Protocol Finance has not been provided They fear that climate change action will constrain their economic growth There is a lingering suspicion towards the industrialised world The benefits of engagement are not clearly perceived

8 The UN Climate Change Conference in Mexico 2010 Objectives for Mexico should be realistic; the needs of developing countries need to be addressed 1. Fully operational architecture that makes it possible for developing countries to act on climate change Adaptation, mitigation, REDD, technology, capacity- building Clarity on how to generate, administer the 100 billion USD Avenues for cooperation to make it work

9 The UN Climate Change Conference in Mexico Clear leadership by industrialised countries – rich countries have not managed to reduce emissions per capita, so should not expect developing countries to do so 3. Clarity on the Kyoto Protocol - developing countries Progress could lead to consensus to turn the outcome into a legal treaty in the future.

10 Climate Change policy in a broader context An opportunity for advancing sustainable economic development objectives: Convergence of climate change and energy security agendas Economic costs of impacts Green growth Climate resilience

11 Avenues for cooperation through the climate change regime with adequate finance Mitigation, e.g.: NAMAs; Technology mechanism to boost technology transfer; Capacity-building; REDD; Adaptation, e.g.: Adaptation framework to support work at regional and national levels; Mechanisms to manage loss and damage, including insurance;

12 Avenues for cooperation: private sector involvement The private sector will be key in implementation Directly through the climate change regime: Existing market mechanisms; new mechanisms Possibility of generating new funding Outside the regime, but with benefits for the climate: Business increasingly driven by sustainability issues which: are increasingly greening growth, e.g. energy efficiency standards boost cooperation on green innovation

13 Avenues for cooperation: the development community #1 The development community needs to assist developing countries, especially LDCs, African countries and Small Island Developing States: assist to respond to the most pressing adaptation needs identify critical technology gaps for adaptation assist in implementing long-term adaptation in the context of overall development strategies

14 Avenues for cooperation: the development community #2 Assist in mitigation planning: identify options to leap-frog emissions-intensive growth identify investment needs and technology gaps for mitigation assist in implementing mitigation actions

15 Thank you


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