Presentation on theme: "The First and Future Webs 1 International Workshop on Information Science Brasilia 5 December 2006 Kim H Veltman."— Presentation transcript:
The First and Future Webs 1 International Workshop on Information Science Brasilia 5 December 2006 Kim H Veltman
Man would no longer need documentation if he were assimilated into an omniscient being - as with God himself. But to a less ultimate degree, a technology will be created acting at a distance and combining radio, X-rays, cinema and microscopic photography. Everything in the universe, and everything of man, would be registered at a distance as it was produced. In this way a moving image of the world will be established, a true mirror of his memory. From a distance, everyone will be able to read text, enlarged and limited to the desired subject, projected on an individual screen. In this way, everyone from his armchair will be able to contemplate creation, as a whole or in certain of its parts. Paul Otlet, Monde: essaie d'universalisme -- connaissance du monde; sentiment du monde; action organisée et plan du monde Brussels, Editions du Mundaneum, 1935 http://www.laetusinpraesens.org/docs/otlethyp.php
1gramme of dried DNA can hold as much information as 1 trillion CDs. DNA takes shape, BBC News,12 January 2000
In 1995 the Internet was 95% English. In 2004 it was 36.2 % English. Global Internet Statistics September 2004. http://www.glreach.com/globstats/ http://www.netvalley.com/languages_2001.gif
In September 2006, the Internet was 28% English. http://www.glreach.com/globstats/ http://www.netvalley.com/languages_2001.gif
There are visions of complete usage: e.g. European Schoolnet Vision http://www.elearningresults.com/ppt/stream%20H/H9%20CELEBRATE%20Simon_Assche _Pucci/20040514Sestri.ppt#341,13,Complete usage scenario
Wikipedia is Growing Enormously and is now the largest Encyclopedia in history. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Size_of_Wikipedia
New Plans 6 October 2006 Citizendium or Citizen's Compendium guided by expert editors, and contributors will be expected to use their own names, not anonymous pseudonyms. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
Full Text Scanning is Exploding in Size: Dates Volumes Project 1949-1974 52 Index Thomisticus Father Busa 1972 -2001 12,000 Thesaurus Linguae Graecae 1971- 16,000 Project Gutenberg Michael Hart 1990s- 125,000+ Pollard Chadwyck >Proquest 2000 1.5 million Dissertations Proquest 2001 1 million Books, Raj Reddy, CMU 2004 15 million Books, Google 2005-10 6 million Books, European Commission via BNF http://www.gutenberg.org/about/
Internet as Ethernet and Internet as a Cloud: sturtevant.com/reed/pres1.htm
Internet as Ethernet and Internet as a Cloud: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/nhsitrc/resource/technology_prototype.html
The Semantic Web is focussing on these addresses (URLS, URNS) to establish security. As a result the WWW acts as if the web of connections were effectively an Ether- net independent of objects in the physical world and different layers of reality. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
Meanwhile the Internet has spread beyond this cloud to include: SpaceAstronomy EarthGeography (GIS, GPS, UMTS) Oceans Oceanography http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
Microsoft Virtual Earth http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208
VENUS ( Victoria Experimental Network Under the Sea) project http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208
Three Worlds: Virtual Heavens, Earth and Oceans and a WWW http://blog.searchenginewatch.com/blog/050523-125208
This is part of a larger trend to Map and Scan different worlds : 1. Metaphysical Philosophy, Religion 2. Mental Literature, Mathematics 3. Physical SpaceAstronomy EarthGeography Oceans Oceanography 4. Man Made Architecture 5. Social Sociology, Psychology http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
The deeper challenges for Semantic Webs of the future lie in linking information and knowledge beyond the Ethernet clouds to these different: 1) Levels of Reality 2) Scales of Reality http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
The Semantic Web has focussed on the logical truth of 1-1 links via URLS. A Semantic Web for Culture requires multiple sets of links which show how these 3 worlds are linked via many variants in terms of names and even explanations. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
Ideas for the deeper challenges of future webs are found in the earliest webs of language and knowledge in India and the East that are claimed to go back 10,000 years. http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;433347648;fp;2;fpid;1
The idea of a web goes back to stories of creation.
The Aksak dung beetle created first man and woman from clay www.crystalinks.com/ scarabs.html
In India the story of creation is told as the story of the creation of language.
One of their starting points was study of 3 Phases of Moon.
Man = like Sun Woman = like Moon 3 Worlds = 3 Goddesses =3 Phases Heaven Sarasvati Rhea Earth Parvati Hera Underworld Durga Demeter
3 phases of moon = 3 worlds = 3 phases of life: Heaven Sarasvati Young Earth Parvati Mother Underworld Durga Crone
Juno Minerva Aphrodite Thus the monthly cycle entails either 2 x 15 days (30), 3 x 9 days (27) or of 4 x 7 days (28).
Female India Young WomanMature WomanOld Woman Kali Lakshmi Durga Lakshmi Durga Saraswati Arabia Al-UzzaAl-LatManat ‘UzzaAllat (al-ilāhat Goddess) Manat VirginMotherVisionary, witch Greece Aphrodite Hera Minerva Selene ArtemisHecate Luna Diana Persephone Persephone Demeter Hecate This inspires the Triple goddess in East and West.
In terms of Information architecture this points to a first need: we need to go beyond 1-1 “is a” statements to represent the complexities of the triple goddess as her name moves from East to West.
The mysteries of woman weave 3 ages of life 3 worlds with 3 x 3 = 9 threads.
In Sanskrit MAMA = Nutritive Principle which shows how 1 becomes 2 becomes 3.
It also leads to triple symbolism: Moon, as nutritive force (Mama); as rooftop in Japan; as Triskell. [ii [i][i], h)]; i) as triskell [i] http://es.geocities.com/contraandrocentrismo/elam_india.html] [i]http://es.geocities.com/contraandrocentrismo/elam_india.html [ii][ii] Photo by author from temple in Nikko. Cf. http://www.iecn.u- nancy.fr/~latocha/Photos/Japon15/Grand/triskell.jpgMama Symbol, Japanese Version and Triskellhttp://www.iecn.u- nancy.fr/~latocha/Photos/Japon15/Grand/triskell.jpg
It also leads to triple symbolism: Labyrinths in Celtic Ireland; Trinacria in Sicily and variants in Celtic Northern France.
3 Worlds of Knowledge evolve in a Matrix in 7 Stages
Stages 1. ANAM Nameless 2. AGAM Inaccessible 3. ALAKSA Incomprehensible 4. AUM Vibration 5. Kala Time 6. Desh Space 7. Patra or Anu Individuation
In terms of the Sephiroth this effectively entails 4,5, 6, 7, 8 http://www.aiwaz.net/kabbalah/sephiroth/sephiroth.htmwww.crystalinks. com/ tarot2.htmlwww.crystalinks. com/ tarot2.html
These become the central spokes of Ginnungapap 1 — Мидгард, 2 — Муспельхейм, 3 — Нифльхейм, 4 — Асгард, 5 — Хель, 6 — Ванахейм, 7 — Ётунхейм, 8 — Свартальвхейм, 9 — Юсальфхейм. http://ginnungagap.narod.ru/wrlds.gif
Kala or Time entails 5 Points which can be re-arranged.
In geometry these five points generate a matrix of 4 squares.
These four squares entail 9 points, which leads to 9 squares.
This becomes the Indian matrix of 3x 3 (9 squares) linked with the image of a Tortoise or Kurma (avatar 2 of Vishnu).
In China this tortoise becomes the Lo Shu Diagram also involving a matrix of 3 x 3 squares.
A Geometrical version of same Chinese Diagram shows how the numbers always add up to 15 = 1 phase of the moon.
A Geometrical version of same Chinese Lo Shu Diagram shows how the 9 (3x 3) squares produce 16 (4 x 4 dots): the 15 days of the moon plus a 16 th when it remains at its maximum. 123 4 567 8 9 13 10 14 11 12 15 16
In China the 5 points are drawn as 5 points with 4 joining lines.
This helps us to recognize that the Chinese and Indian methods are two versions of the same matrix.
In India these 5 points become 4 squares of an inner matrix.
In like manner the 5 upper and lower lines in China generate 4 x 4 squares in India or conversely 5 x 5 points.
These 7 points become the 4 directions + up, down and centre. http://www.kheper.net/topics/I_Ching/trigrams.htm
The 28 days of the month can then be drawn as a pyramid of points as a square of 28 points or as 6 x 6 squares with 49 points.
In the West arithmetic = discrete quantity geometry = continuous quantity and treated separately. In the East Arithmetic and geometry are integrated.
This leads to matrices of squares and dots: 1 4 2 6 3 x 3 (9) 4 x 4 = 16 4 x 4 (16) 5 x 5 25 5 x 5 (25) 6 x 6 36 6 x 6 (36) 7 x 7 49 7 x 7 (49) 8 x 8 64 8 x 8 (64) 9 x 9 81 9 x 9 (81) 10 x 10 100 10 x 10 (100)
The 3x 3 square leads to a 4 x 4 square which, as we shall see, becomes central in the development of alphabets.
This 4x 4 = 16 pattern x 4 = 8 x 8 = 64 Squares = chessboard, checkers the game of Go (= Sanskrit for heavenly cow). http://www.planetmike.com/games/chess/
In India this culminates in a 9 x 9 ( = 3 x 3 x 3 x3 = the 3 principle of Λ applied to the 4 directions) as the Vastu Purusha Mandala as basis for positioning gods and directions http://www.gosai.com/chaitanya/saranagati/html/nmj_articles/sacred_archi tecture/vastu-shastra-2.html
These matrices are found also in the New World.
The Vastu Purusha becomes the Indian Equivalent of Vitruvian Man. www.salagram.net/ sstp-mgpuja3.html
In China, the I Ching uses dots with implicit Magic Squares.