3What are Restorative Approaches? An understanding of how a community worksAn understanding of our responsibilities to the communities that we are part ofConfront unacceptable behaviourPraise acceptable behaviourModel restorative approachesDevelop self regulating communitiesAn understanding of the skills needed to communicate with each other and a commitment to developing theseCommunication skills - Listening , Questioning, AnsweringShared language
4Types of Restorative Approaches Communication skillsListening skills/Questioning skills/Answering skillsShared languagePeer mentoring, mediation, facilitation, peer panels, support partnersWhole school/department staff meetingsClassroom normsRestorative circlesRestorative conversations/statementsRestorative justice conferencesGravesham Excellence Cluster - BIP
5The 4 R’s RJ is based on four key features RESPECTRESPONSIBILTYREPAIRREINTEGRATIONRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
6What can RJ do for a School? Happier and safer schoolMutually respectful relationshipsMore effective teaching and learningReducing exclusionsRaising attendanceDeveloping emotional literacyAddressing bullying behavioursRaising morale by culture of inclusion and belongingReduces entry into CJSIT IS NOT A SOFT OPTION
7What is Restorative Justice Conferencing ? A process for resolving conflictA common language to resolve conflictFocuses on the needs of the victimAllows the wrongdoer(s) to understand the impact of their actionsEncourages wrongdoer(s) to take responsibility for their actionsTherefore creates accountabilityLikely to change behaviour and build characterGravesham Excellence Cluster - BIP
8How does it work? Develops a common language to discuss conflict Creates a way to see your behaviour clearly and its affects on othersCreates a responsibility to learn from conflictCreates a responsibility to behave better in the immediate futureProduces positive outcomes from a negative situation.
9The Aim of Restorative Justice is to Creates positive outcomes from negative behaviourRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
10Traditional V Restorative What happenedWho’s responsibleWhat do sanction do I need to enforce tochange behaviourdeter othersavoid reoffendingWhat happenedWho’s been affectedWhat needs to happen to put things rightHow can I support this process tochange behaviourdeter othersavoid reoffendingRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
11So how does RJ make sense of this? In a restorative school more emphasis is put on personal responsibilityWhat we do when we have done something wrongAND when someone has done something wrong to usWhen conflict happens there is a structure to resolve itIt allows people to learn from their mistakes so mistakes aren't repeated over and over
12Traditional V Restorative What happenedWhose responsibleWhat do sanction do I need to enforce tochange behaviourdeter othersavoid reoffendingWhat happenedWhose been affectedWhat needs to happen to put things rightHow can I support this process tochange behaviourdeter othersavoid reoffending
13RJ V Punishment RJ is not an opt out of punishment Conferencing can take place along side punitive measures if the sanction is seen as unavoidable or constructiveConferencing can take place and effective engagement would cause punitive response to become suspended.Conferencing can produce a nominated sanctions, reparation or financial restitutionYoung people can be asked to give an apology of actions not just wordsTHAT SAIDIt is considered more effective when made part of a no blame approachRestorative Justice 4 Schools LtdGravesham Excellence Cluster - BIP
14Blue RJ Script CardsCorridor Conference Script – non prep quick script to ensure that harm has been repairedAcknowledged Harm – can be used for both informal and formal conferences but most often for preparation of these conferencesIn both circumstances the questions arethe same for both the harmed personand the harmer
15Restorative Justice Conferencing -Relational Questions What happened?What were you thinking (feeling) at the time?What do you think (feel) about it now?Who has been affected by what has happened? - In what way?What has been the hardest thing for you?What do you think needs to happen to make things right?
16Restorative Art Displays from York Road School Dartford Kent Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
17Engaging Pupils in RA By modelling the approach By promoting communication skillsBy promoting shared languageCurriculum – Citizenship – PHSE – EnglishInformationWebsiteAssembliesDirect involvementPeer mentoring/mediation/facilitation/peer panelsSchool councilTransition
18Positive Outcome from Conferencing Genuine apologyAcknowledgement of harmConflict stopsResolution to the problemChange of behaviourFriendships/relationships can be repairedLessons are learntNot be in troublePromotes truth tellingYP take responsibility for their behaviourStrategy for a better futureNot criminalisedAble to stay in education
19Hierarchy of Restorative Circles FormalInformalClassroomIssue of HarmGeneral ConversationAim Lesson/DayGamesCheck In & OutRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
20Implementation: The First Step Within All LessonsStaff Model ApproachRestorative NormsCheck in and check outRestorative LanguageExtra CurriculumPeer mentoring, mediationRestorative justice conferencingRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
21Training Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd Whole school training 3 Day conferencing facilitation trainingPeer mentoring/facilitation trainingRestorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd
22Collingwood Primary School 15 mins. D V DCollingwood Primary School 15 mins.