Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall How does the Watergate cover up lead to Nixon’s downfall?
All The President’s Men : HR Haldeman- Chief of Staff John Ehrlichman– Domestic Policy Advisor John Mitchell– Head of CREEP (Nixon’s re-election) John Dean - White House Counsel Charles Colson- Special Counsel to President Howard Hunt CIA
Break in at the DNC After Pentagon Papers, John Ehrlichman & Charles Colson appoint Howard Hunt to run “the plumbers” to stop future leaks Plumbers break-in to Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist office June 17 th, 1972: Burglars are caught trying to “bug” the Democrats’ HQ at the Watergate hotel The Press learns that leader of burglary James McCord worked for CREEP (Committee to RE-Elect the President) Answer Question #1
The Cover Up HR Haldeman informs Nixon of break-in & suggests a cover up 1. Shred all documents pertaining to break-in 2. Use CREEP money to buy burglars silence 3. Ask FBI to stop investigation (national security) Only media covering the story are two Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein 1972 election Nixon wins in a landslide Answer Question #2
Cover-up Unravels As the burglars are about to go on trial, James McCord admits that he originally lied about the break-in Woodward & Bernstein find out McCord worked with Howard Hunt & the Plumbers W & B find out Colson, Haldeman, Ehrlichman Mitchell and John Dean knew about plumbers & were trying to cover it up W & B are being fed more information by an informant at the White House code named “Deep Throat” 2005: Washington Post has confirmed that Mark Felt, Asst FBI director, was Deep Throat Answer Question #3 Answer Question #4
White House Tapes CREEP director John Mitchell resigns, Colson, Haldeman & Ehrlicman are forced to resign for their role in the cover-up Nixon fires WH counsel John Dean Senate begins an investigation, Dean reveals President knew of the cover up, White House denies accusations During hearings its revealed that there was a taping system in the Oval Office Senate demands Nixon turn over tapes, Nixon claims innocence
Nixon v. US Nixon refuses to give up tapes cites “executive privilege” Sp Prosecutor Archibald Cox takes Nixon to court over tapes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5AndvL7Y9k Answer Questions 5,6,7 VP Spiro Agnew resigns due to tax evasion issues New Sp Pros Jaworski takes case to Supreme Court – SC forces Nixon to hand over tapes Despite 18 minute missing gap, tapes show Nixon knew of cover-up – House begins impeachment proceedings
Downfall of a President August 9 th, 1974: Rather than face impeachment, Nixon resigns the Presidency Vice President Gerald Ford sworn in as President