Nixon I.Intro II.Nixon (1969-74) A.“The Man” B.Domestic Policy C.Foreign Policy A.China B.USSR D.Watergate A.Background B.Break-in C.Cover-up III.Nixon’s Legacy Key Terms Silent Spring Family Assistance Plan Détente Henry Kissinger SALT CREEP “Dirty Tricks” Woodward & Bernstein Spiro Agnew Gerald Ford
Richard Nixon (The Man/Republican) Background From California; modest family Nation’s #1 Anti- Communist (1913-1994)
Domestic Policy ( Environment) Carson: Outlined dangers of chemicals & pesticides (DDT) Nixon was pro-environment: –Signed Clean Water & Clean Air Acts –Environmental Protection Agency was created (Rachel Carson, 1962)
Domestic Policy ( Family Assistance Plan) Nixon’s proposal to overhaul welfare & LBJ’s Great Society. 1.Would guarantee a family of four an income of $1,600/year (more than most states). 2.All heads of household on welfare are required to register for job training (the cost was covered). It failed to pass Congress, but demonstrated Nixon’s “Centrist” approach.
Foreign Policy Kissinger-Nixon Cabinet member Henry Kissinger (1923- ) Détente- Closer and more positive relations between US & communist countries Seen with China & USSR
Separated At Birth…? Henry Kissinger (1923 - ) Ben Stein (1944 - )
Détente With China Since 1949 US had not recognized China’s communist government. US “normalized” or recognized China’s government. Nixon traveled to China. Mao Zedong greets Nixon in China (1972)
Détente With USSR 2.US sold 400 million tons of grain to USSR at bargain prices. 3.SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty) –Set limits on offensive nuclear missiles 1.Summer, 1972 Nixon traveled to USSR.
Foreign Policy Overview/Analysis Tremendous success for Nixon. Who else could have accomplished this…? Détente- Closer and more positive relations between US & communist countries. Seen with China & USSR
Watergate: Background CREEP: –Committee to Re- Elect President –Involved with “Dirty Tricks” to help Nixon’s re-election campaign John Mitchell; Attorney General Donald Segretti
Watergate: Break-In CREEP attempted to bug the Democratic Headquarters at the Watergate Nixon probably knew nothing about break- in, but later tried cover it up Watergate Office & Hotel Complex (WA DC)
Watergate: Cover-up Writers for the Washington Post “Deep Throat” was an important source Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein
Deep Throat (Former FBI Agent) W. Mark Felt (1957) Felt in 2005 at age 91
Watergate: Scandal Continues Agnew accepted bribes & was forced to resign. VP Spiro Agnew & Richard Nixon
Watergate Sworn in as new VP. Gerald Ford (1913-2006)
Watergate Scandal A taping system was discovered in the White House The tapes showed the President had obstructed justice Nixon resigned Nixon & Watergate (1974)
Nixon Was Forced To Resign Newspaper HeadlineNixon’s Farewell
Watergate Sworn in as new VP. Gerald Ford (1913-2006) Sworn in as new President.