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Province of Turin: Integrated solid waste management Torino, Internship activities 28-31 Gennaio 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Province of Turin: Integrated solid waste management Torino, Internship activities 28-31 Gennaio 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Province of Turin: Integrated solid waste management Torino, Internship activities Gennaio 2013

2 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Outline Overview of the area, legislative framework, integrated waste management system Integrated cycle of waste Provincial Observatory on Waste Data on waste generation: residual waste and separate collection Improvement policies

3 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo 8 Basin Consortia 316 municipalities with inh. 81% (255) with pop. < inh. 9% (29) with pop. between 5 and inh. 9% (28) with pop. between 10 and inh. 1% (3) with pop. between 50 and inh. 1 big size municipality ( inh.) Land area: plain 27% hilly 21% mountainous 52% Province of Turin and waste management:

4 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Government organisational structure and duties: MANAGEMENT COMPANY MANAGEMNET COMPANY BASINS BASIN CONSORTIUM (service: COLLECTION ) NATIONAL GOVERNMENT– National laws, as directly applicable or after transposition in the regional normative framework LOCAL AUTHORITY WASTE BOARD (AMBITO TERRITORIALE OTTIMALE) (service: PLANTS) MUNICIPALITIES REGION OF PIEMONTE– Regional laws, planning PROVINCE OF TURIN PROVINCE OF TURIN Programming Authorising Controlling

5 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The legislative framework: EUROPE : Directive 2008/98/EC (in transposition into the Italian national law) ITALY: D.Lgs. 152/2006 and s.m.i. (Environmental legislative framework-Testo Unico Ambientale) D.L. 135/2009 (Decreto Ronchi) art. 15 – overcoming “in house”management from 2012 L 191/2009 – abolition of Consortia L 42/2010 – abolition of Local Authority (ATO) waste board PIEDIMONT REGION : LR 24/2002 (waste management legislative framework) to be modified after D.Lgs 152/2006 LR n. 7/2012 “integrated water cycle and integrated solid waste management system”: definition of “Local Conferences” (Province + Municipalities) with duties currently of Consortia and Local Authority (ATO) waste board

6 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo PIEDIMONT REGION 1.Applies and specifies through the regional law the national legislative farmework 2.Defines the ATO’s 3.Regioanl Waste Mangement Plan 4.Approval of the Provincial Waste Management Plans (8 provinces) PROVINCE OF TURIN 1.draw a Provincial Waste Management Plan 2.Define the criteria for the localisation, on the bases of the flows straem defines the number and the tyoe of the plants, the separate collecyion and reduction 3.Define the geographical bordens of the Basin consotium 4.Authorise and control the plants (EIV) LOCAL AUTHORITY WASTE BOARDS -Turin 1.Local Plans (Piano d’ Ambito ) for the disposal and treatment system 2.Account the tarfiff for disposal and treatment 3.Commit the building up and the mangement of the plants and define their localisation 4.Contro of the service management BASIN CONSORTIUM 1.Organitazion of the collection and transfer to the plants 2.Account the tariff for collection ( together with the municipality) 3.Commit the collection and transport service MUNICIPALITIES 1.Define the Auhority of Public Hygiene 2.Draw and approve the related regulations 3.Apply the tariff (Tarsu, TIA), sharing the costs on households and business sector FIRMS (PUBLIC OR PRIVATE ) 1.Management of the service and/or of the plants 2.Cash in the tariff

7 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Competences of the Province LR 24/2002 and smi: draw the Provincial Waste Management Plan coordination of the associations among who is commited at realizing the integrated waste managemnt system; verify the implementation of the PWMP, also through the Waste Provincial Observatory Periodic control on the management activities, brokerage and trade of waste (included the inspections of violations) Provide permits substitute of municipalities, consortium, mountain communities and the basin consortium in case of lack of their commintments. assure the solid waste manegement in the area of the province and mangement of emergency situations as a priority inside the area itself. environemntal education DLgs 152/2006 and smi: functions of planning and management of the recovery and disposal of waste in the provincial area and in particular: a) Control of inteventions of remediation and monitoring; b)Periodic control on the management activities, brokerage and trade of waste (included the inspections of violations) c) …… Provide permits; d)Identification of areas for the localization of the disposal and recovery plants Il DLgs 152/2006 has not been trasposed by the Piedimont Region

8 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Waste hierarchy The Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, trasposed into the italian legislative framework by the D. Lgs 205/2010, requires that EU Member States take appropriate measures in order to promote : Prevention: reduction of waste generation, of hazardous substances and negative impacts of wastes on human health and the environment; Preparing for re-use: control, cleaning, dissambly and reparation operations, by which products or components after becoming waste can be re-used without any additional pre-treatment; Recycling: any operation of recovery of waste by which to obtain products, materilas ore substances to be used for their original function or for other pourposes; Energy Recovery Disposal that is the last phase. Prevention Preparing for re-use Recycling Other kinds of recovery (like Energy Recovery) Disposal

9 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Municipal waste integrated service (r.l. 24/2002) “All the interconnected activities, actions and structures, that, organized following criteria of protection of the environment, effectiveness, efficiency and economy, allow at optimizing, in terms of reduced environmental impact, the operations of collection, separate collection, transport, recovery and disposal of municipal waste. "

10 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The integrated waste cycle Generation Collection Treatment- Recovery Disposal

11 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The Office Integrated Waste Cycle of Province of Turin: -prepares and updates documents for waste management plans at provincial level, in accordance with the national and regional legislation in force; -promotes and coordinates actions and projects to implement the integrated waste management system in particular by promoting, financing and monitoring the implementation of local projects and the building up of plants, by the consortia, municipalities and other organizations; -carries out coordination and communication activities within the subject areas of expertise; -monitors the integrated waste cycle (generation, collection, recovery, disposal) and the effectiveness of provincial and other institutions policies, through the Provincial Observatory on Waste

12 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Planning the integrated waste cycle Analysis of the status quo - POW (Provincial Observatory on Waste) Definition of goals, policies and actions: PWMP (Provincial Waste Management Program) Continuous monitoring - POW (setting of choices)

13 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Provincial Observatory on Waste Law no. 93, 23 March 2001 "Provisions in the environmental field“, art. 10, paragraph 5 defines the creation of a network model of the National Observatory on Waste which must have headquarters to support the functions of monitoring, planning and control of the Observatory itself, the provinces must then establish, without additional burdens of public funds, within one hundred twenty days from the date of entry into force of the law, the provincial observatory on waste.

14 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Provincial Observatory on Waste The Regional Law n. 59/95 establishes the Regional Observatory on generation, disposal and reuse of waste. The Province of Turin Observatory on waste is envisaged in the first PWMP prepared by the Province of Turin (1998), with functions of monitoring and instrumental support to the implementation of the policies defined by the programming tool. The following programs will confirm and strengthen its functions.

15 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The network model of the observatories OPR acquisition validation formulation ONR Basin Consortia Companies Citizens and workers (public- private) Basin Consortia Region of Piemonte ISPRA

16 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The POW’ activities It monitors the status of the integrated cycle of municipal waste management system: production (trend monthly and annual consolidated data, disaggregated by type and municipality) collection (collection system used) quality (product analysis - IPLA) flows (origin, first and second destination, quialitative- quantitative data) treatment (installed capacity power, annual contributions)

17 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The POW’ activities It monitors the status of the integrated cycle of municipal waste management system: disposal (authorized volumes, bi-annual transfers, annual residual volumes) supporting structures (localization and service offered by RDF) tariff of treatment/disposal (landfills and public treatment plans for organic waste) costs of services (tariff charged for collection, transport, selection, treatment, contributions to CONAI) agreements between institutions (Conai, consortia....)

18 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The POW’ activities It monitors the status of implementation of the provisions of programming/planning tools: services (starting of integrated systems of SC) plants (construction phases of the new plants) policies (reduction, SC, prevention, )

19 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The POW’ activities It monitors the status of implementation of the provisions of programming/planning tools: services (starting of integrated systems of SC) plants (construction phases of the new plants) policies (reduction, SC, prevention, ) It provides data and information to other agencies (ONR, ISPRA, region,...) and institutional bodies

20 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo The POW’ activities The data set monthly and annually collected by the POW are processed and systematized. Publications are available on: web sites –www.provincia.torino.it/ambiente/rifiuti/osservatorio/indexwww.provincia.torino.it/ambiente/rifiuti/osservatorio/index –www.beataladifferenziata.itwww.beataladifferenziata.it Annual Report on the status of waste management system

21 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Generation of municipal waste: Province (Total)

22 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Separate collection: Province (total)

23 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Improvement policies Good practices in the provincial area: REDUCTION REUSE SEPARATE COLLECTION RICYCLE

24 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Auto composting– Ivrea Area (57 municipalities, 110,000 inhabitants) Collective auto composting through electromechanical machines - call Province of Turin (testing) “ Mensamica” Turin and many other municipalities “ In the cradle + health - waste” Province of Turin, AMIAT “Municipalities for reducing” - Province of Turin “Riducimballi” - Piedmont Region, Torino Province, Municipalities “Ti Voglio Bere” (I want drink you)- Province of Turin, SMAT, Municipalities TRICICLO – AMIAT Punctual charging system - Area Chieri (19 municipalities, 118,000 inhabitants) Experimental system of punctual taxation - S. Antonino di Susa Integrated collection systems - “door to door” and evolutions Reuse of dust from PFU in road paving – testing Competition for the best local projects for waste reduction Competition for the best projects of waste reduction and separate collection in public schools Campaign “Blessed is he who makes it. All right ”. ……

25 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Main systems of separate collection of municipal waste Road: different materials are separately collected using bins placed on the road: there is no correlation between collection containers and user. It is often the precise placement of bins only for general waste Proximity: bins are placed on public ground, often the type of bins is complete: there is a close correlation between bin and user, in some cases the user is equipped with a system to open the bins.

26 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Main systems of separate collection of municipal waste Domestic: the different materials are separately collected using bins “ entrusted” directly to the user : there is maximum correlation between bin and user. Mixed: several systems for different materials are used In order to support different collection systems in the province of Turin, over the years 103 collection centers have been created. These are essential structures especially where the domestic system is implemented.

27 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo In the Province area all the collection systems have been adopted: To better adapt to different areas (metropolitan city, concentrated city, urban sprawl, rural areas, mountainous areas....) To make more effective the result - cost of service ratio because of non made choices ​​ (some municipalities, especially small size town and in mountain areas continue to have only a road type collection, sometimes incomplete) The first policies of modification of separate collection system started in 1998: In that year the road type collection occurred in all the municipalities, in some of them the separate collection as well (road type separate collection) In that year the separate collection in the provincial area was 12,3%

28 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Collection systems in the Province of Turin Nowadays, in about 270 municipalities (out of 316 of the whole province) a non-road waste collection system occurs (or is being activated). The 270 municipalities account for almost 70% of the population of the province of Turin. The city of Turin is only partially served by non-road systems of waste collection ( inhab. Approximately of , corresponding to the peripheral belt). In the provincial area 103 collection centers are also active. The percentage of recycling, thanks to the efforts of municipalities, Basin Consortia, waste management public companies and to the technical commitment and financial support of the Province of Turin, has now firmly reached 50%.

29 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Non-road waste collection system

30 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Location of collection centers:

31 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Funding of projects: To achieve these results, the Province of Turin committed the ecotax (environmental tax due by municipalities for the landfill) in favour of municipalities and Consortia for: –the activation of innovative systems of separate collection (mostly domestic, but not only, and not as a forced choice), –the realization of part of the existing collection centers, –the shift from tax to tariff –other measures to improve the separate collection, building up of plants, reduction of generation of waste (including studies and researches, communication activities,....). There was a financial commitment of 30 million euro in almost 11 years. Grants have been given through 4 specific calls (2 for the collection system and 32for the collection centers). Other general interventions have been added (separate collection, infrastructure, projects of reduction,...).

32 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Grants for the implementation of non road collection services : Call A portion (70%) of the extra cost (difference between the cost of the new collection system and the cost of the previuos year) was financed. 65 municipalities were financed with about € Call Fixed grant related to the inhabitant of the municipality: € 12 up to inh. € 10 between and inh. € 8 over inh. Financed (or in progress) 205 municipalities. Alrrady appointed €

33 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Grants for the building up or upgrading of collection centers Call 2004 and previous incentives Grant of 40% of planning and construction cost. Maximum grant € structures were financed with about € Call Grant of 50% of planning, construction and communication cost. Maximum grant € € budgeted for 2008 and the first half of 2009

34 Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo Contacts Province of Turin – provincial Observatory on Waste Director Dr. Edoardo Guerrini Manager Arch. Agata Fortunato Corso Inghilterra 7, Torino Tel Web site:


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