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Web Filtering and Deep Packet Inspection Artyom Churilin Tallinn University of Technology 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Web Filtering and Deep Packet Inspection Artyom Churilin Tallinn University of Technology 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Web Filtering and Deep Packet Inspection Artyom Churilin Tallinn University of Technology 2011

2 Web filtering & DPI Web filtering (content control) is a way control what content is permitted to a user. Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) is a form of computer network packet filtering that examines the data part (and possibly also the header) of a packet as it passes an inspection point, searching for protocol non-compliance, viruses, spam, intrusions or predefined criteria to decide if the packet can pass or if it needs to be routed to a different destination, or for the purpose of collecting statistical information.

3 Web filtering types Client-side filters (Cyber-Nanny) Content-limited or filtered ISPs Server side-filters, proxies (Squid), traffic shapers Specialized hardware/software (commercial off the shelf solutions)

4 Specialized systems: Websense McAfee Smart Filter Netsweeper

5 Web filtering techniques IP URL Keyword File type Database (site categorization)

6 Websense categories

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8 McAfee SmartFilter Categories

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10 Web filtering use Parental control (block adult content from minors) Content control (i.e. ISP blocking child abuse) Corporate environment, public libraries Commercial solutions

11 Deep Packet Inspection

12 DPI DPI has functionality of Intrusion Detection System (IDS), Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) and stateful firewall Advanced defense from threats More effective than DPI, DPS and FW Policies on many layers 3 -7 OSI

13 Symantec describes DPI Deep Packet Inspection promises to enhance firewall capabilities by adding the ability to analyze and filter SOAP and other XML messages, dynamically open and close ports for VoIP application traffic, perform in-line AV and spam screening, dynamically proxy IM traffic, eliminate the bevy of attacks against NetBIOS-based services, traffic-shape or do away with the many flavors of P2P traffic (recently shown to account for ~35% of internet traffic), and perform SSL session inspection

14 Use of DPI Network management Network security “Lawful intercept” Statistical data for network planning

15 Misuse of DPI Commercial Propaganda Governments (Censorship) Communist regimes (Censorship, disinformation) Autocratic regimes (Censorship, disinformation) Finding political dissidents

16 JUNE 22, 2009 Wall street journal online: Iran's Web Spying Aided By Western Technology Nokia Siemens The monitoring center that Nokia Siemens Networks sold to Iran was described in a company brochure as allowing "the monitoring and interception of all types of voice and data communication on all networks."

17 NOVEMBER 15, 2010 FORBES.COM : Nokia Siemens Denies Lingering Ties To Iran Surveillance

18 FEBRUARY 11, 2010 BBC : MEPs condemn Nokia Siemens 'surveillance tech' in Iran Google says its Gmail traffic has dropped sharply in Iran Nokia Siemens told BBC News that it had provided "very basic surveillance" capabilities to Iran Telecom in The product is called Monitoring Centre and can be used to monitor local telephone calls.

19 OpenNet initiative The OpenNet Initiative has documented network filtering of the Internet by national governments in over forty countries worldwide. Filtering is particularly appealing to governments as it allows them to control content not published within their national borders.

20 Pros of DPI Deep Packet Inspection is a promising technology in that it may help to solve security and many other problems.

21 Cons of DPI DPI adds complexity to an already complicated solution - firewalls, IDSs, session border controllers, and honeypots/nets etc… DPI is a powerful technology and is currently insufficiently regulated by law. If unethically and illegally used can bring awful consequences.

22 https://www.accessnow.org/page/s/n otonokia

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24 Treedriver.com in Iran, you could not access postimees bbc cnn facebook only Slõhtuleht

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