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LANDFORMS Chapter 1. Coastal Plain Flat, low land Along Atlantic Coast Very fertile land Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico.

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Presentation on theme: "LANDFORMS Chapter 1. Coastal Plain Flat, low land Along Atlantic Coast Very fertile land Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico."— Presentation transcript:

1 LANDFORMS Chapter 1

2 Coastal Plain Flat, low land Along Atlantic Coast Very fertile land Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico

3 Piedmont “at the base of a mountain” Region of hills & valleys Eastern side of Appalachian Mountains Begins in New Jersey extending to Alabama MapPiedmontUS01.jpg

4 Appalachian Mountains Southern Canada to central Alabama Oldest mountains in U.S. Peaks worn down by glaciers, rain, wind (aka  erosion) appalachians0.gif

5 Interior Plains Stretch from Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains in west Two parts: – Eastern side called Central plains Flat or rolling hills Many trees and rivers – Western part called Interior Plains flatter Few trees and rivers

6 Prairie Flat or rolling land Covered by grasses Central plains called tall- grass prairies

7 Rocky Mountains Covers most of Western U.S. Largest & longest U.S. mountain range Mexico through Canada into Alaska Younger than Appalachian mtn. Sharp jagged peaks  haven’t been eroded

8 Mountain comparison

9 Great Basin Part of the Intermountain Region (between Rockies and land west) Mostly dry land Includes Nevada and 5 neighboring states Basin – low bowl shaped land with higher land around Death Valley, CA – edge of G.B. lowest land in North America.

10 Sierra Nevada California “snowy mountain range” Eastern side – very steep Cascade Range north of Sierra Nevada in Washington & Oregon est/places/states/california/ca_s ierra.htm

11 Compare Coasts Atlantic Coast Flat Fertile land Pacific Coast Rocky Sharp drops into ocean Little flat land rendTypeId=4 ges/Pacific%20Coast%20highway%20south%202.htm

12 Inlet area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water ns/0/09/Barker_Inlet_location.png

13 Gulf The largest inlets

14 Sound Long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland.

15 Great Lakes Largest lakes in U.S. Along boarder between U.S. & Canada HOMES  Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior

16 Great Salt Lake Utah Salty like the Ocean Great_Salt_Lake_map2.jpg

17 Tributary Stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.

18 River System A river and its tributaries. Drain, or carries water away from, the land around it.

19 Drainage Basin The land drained by a river system. Mississippi River – flows from Minnesota to Gulf of Mexico and is the largest rivers system in the U.S.

20 Fall Line A place where the land drops sharply Cases rivers to form waterfalls or rapids.

21 Continental Divide Imaginary lines runs north & south along the highest points of the Rockies. Divides major rivers systems in North America.


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