Presentation on theme: "LANDFORMS Chapter 1. Coastal Plain Flat, low land Along Atlantic Coast Very fertile land Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico."— Presentation transcript:
LANDFORMS Chapter 1
Coastal Plain Flat, low land Along Atlantic Coast Very fertile land Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico
Piedmont “at the base of a mountain” Region of hills & valleys Eastern side of Appalachian Mountains Begins in New Jersey extending to Alabama MapPiedmontUS01.jpg
Appalachian Mountains Southern Canada to central Alabama Oldest mountains in U.S. Peaks worn down by glaciers, rain, wind (aka erosion) appalachians0.gif
Interior Plains Stretch from Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains in west Two parts: – Eastern side called Central plains Flat or rolling hills Many trees and rivers – Western part called Interior Plains flatter Few trees and rivers
Prairie Flat or rolling land Covered by grasses Central plains called tall- grass prairies
Rocky Mountains Covers most of Western U.S. Largest & longest U.S. mountain range Mexico through Canada into Alaska Younger than Appalachian mtn. Sharp jagged peaks haven’t been eroded
Great Basin Part of the Intermountain Region (between Rockies and land west) Mostly dry land Includes Nevada and 5 neighboring states Basin – low bowl shaped land with higher land around Death Valley, CA – edge of G.B. lowest land in North America.
Sierra Nevada California “snowy mountain range” Eastern side – very steep Cascade Range north of Sierra Nevada in Washington & Oregon est/places/states/california/ca_s ierra.htm
Compare Coasts Atlantic Coast Flat Fertile land Pacific Coast Rocky Sharp drops into ocean Little flat land rendTypeId=4 ges/Pacific%20Coast%20highway%20south%202.htm
Inlet area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water ns/0/09/Barker_Inlet_location.png
Gulf The largest inlets
Sound Long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland.
Great Lakes Largest lakes in U.S. Along boarder between U.S. & Canada HOMES Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior
Great Salt Lake Utah Salty like the Ocean Great_Salt_Lake_map2.jpg
Tributary Stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
River System A river and its tributaries. Drain, or carries water away from, the land around it.
Drainage Basin The land drained by a river system. Mississippi River – flows from Minnesota to Gulf of Mexico and is the largest rivers system in the U.S.
Fall Line A place where the land drops sharply Cases rivers to form waterfalls or rapids.
Continental Divide Imaginary lines runs north & south along the highest points of the Rockies. Divides major rivers systems in North America.