2Massachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico Coastal PlainFlat, low landAlong Atlantic CoastVery fertile landMassachusetts down the East coast around Texas and into Mexico
3“at the base of a mountain” Region of hills & valleys Piedmont“at the base of a mountain”Region of hills & valleysEastern side of Appalachian MountainsBegins in New Jersey extending to Alabama
4Appalachian Mountains Southern Canada to central AlabamaOldest mountains in U.S.Peaks worn down by glaciers, rain, wind (aka erosion)
5Stretch from Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains in west Interior PlainsStretch from Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains in westTwo parts:Eastern side called Central plainsFlat or rolling hillsMany trees and riversWestern part called Interior PlainsflatterFew trees and rivers
6Central plains called tall-grass prairies Flat or rolling landCovered by grassesCentral plains called tall-grass prairies
7Covers most of Western U.S. Largest & longest U.S. mountain range Rocky MountainsCovers most of Western U.S.Largest & longest U.S. mountain rangeMexico through Canada into AlaskaYounger than Appalachian mtn.Sharp jagged peaks haven’t been eroded
9Part of the Intermountain Region (between Rockies and land west) Great BasinPart of the Intermountain Region (between Rockies and land west)Mostly dry landIncludes Nevada and 5 neighboring statesBasin – low bowl shaped land with higher land aroundDeath Valley, CA – edge of G.B. lowest land in North America.
10“snowy mountain range” Eastern side – very steep Sierra NevadaCalifornia“snowy mountain range”Eastern side – very steepCascade Range north of Sierra Nevada in Washington & Oregon
11Compare Coasts Atlantic Coast Pacific Coast Flat Fertile land Rocky Sharp drops into oceanLittle flat land
12http://upload. wikimedia Inletarea of water extending into the land from a larger body of water
14Sound Long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland. SoundLong inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland.
15Great Lakes Largest lakes in U.S. Along boarder between U.S. & Canada Great LakesLargest lakes in U.S.Along boarder between U.S. & CanadaHOMES Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior
16Great Salt Lake Utah Salty like the Ocean Great Salt LakeUtahSalty like the Ocean
17TributaryStream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
18River System A river and its tributaries. River SystemA river and its tributaries.Drain, or carries water away from, the land around it.
19Drainage Basin The land drained by a river system. Drainage BasinThe land drained by a river system.Mississippi River – flows from Minnesota to Gulf of Mexico and is the largest rivers system in the U.S.
20Fall Line A place where the land drops sharply Fall LineA place where the land drops sharplyCases rivers to form waterfalls or rapids.
21Continental DivideImaginary lines runs north & south along the highest points of the Rockies.Divides major rivers systems in North America.