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U.S. Geography.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Geography

2 U.S. Geography Breakdown
Broken into 7 regions: The Atlantic-Gulf Coastal Plain Appalachian Highlands Interior Plains Interior Highlands Rocky Mountain System Intermountain Region Pacific Mountain System

3 U.S. Geography Shapes The terrain of the northern United States was formed by continental ice sheets Mountains and lakes were formed by glaciers Rivers came from glacial runoff as the world became warmer

4 The East and Gulf Coast The Atlantic- Gulf Coast plain runs from SE MA to the Rio Grande River in TX This region is consists of: Estuaries Sandspits Embankments 6. Lagoons Islands Bays Harbors The Atlantic Coastal Plain rises into the Piedmont – an area of rolling hills between the coast and Appalachian Mountains

5 Interior Plains and Highlands
Extend over 1,000 miles from the Appalachian Mts. to the Rocky Mts. Once covered by an inland sea and comprised of sedimentary rock Drained by the Mississippi and Missouri River Divided into 2 regions: Central Lowlands Great Plains The BLACK HILLS are the region’s only upland area

6 Western Mts. And Great Basin
Rocky mountain system divided into 4 sections: Northern Rockies Middle Rockies Wyoming (Great Divide) Basin Southern Rockies Continental Divide: A drainage divide where water is drained to a different sea on each side

7 Western Mts. And Great Basin Continued
Intermountain Region: Lies between the Rockies and Coastal Ranges Comprised of: Plateaus Basins Ranges This region includes the Colorado Plateau which is where the Grand Canyon formed from the Colorado River Lowest point in N. America is Death Valley

8 Pacific Mountain System
Made up of 2 ranges: Cascade Mts. Sierra Nevada Mts. These mountains were formed from faulting and volcanism

9 The Pacific The Pacific coast lies along the San Andreas Fault from San Francisco, CA to NW Mexico It is a Coastline of Emergence – Often the mountains plunge directly into the sea and there are few islands or quality harbors Major Harbors Include: Puget Sound San Francisco San Diego

10 Alaska and Hawaii Alaska is Broken into 4 regions: Arctic Lowlands
Rocky Mountain System Central Basins and Highlands Pacific Mountain System Much of the Pacific Mountain System is high in volcanic activity The Hawaiian Islands make up part of the Pacific Mt. System and are mainly extinct volcanoes except for Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa (both on Hawaii)

11 Major Rivers and Lakes The Mississippi-Missouri River system is the longest in the U.S. (3890 mi. long) Major Tributaries Include: Red River Ohio River Arkansas River The Great Lakes are the largest in North America Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario Great Salt Lake and Lake Lliamna are the largest outside the great Lakes

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