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ARCHETYPES Western Literature September 24, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "ARCHETYPES Western Literature September 24, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 ARCHETYPES Western Literature September 24, 2014

2 OBJECTIVES  Students will be able to identify archetypes in movies, books, and TV shows.  HOW?  Stereotype & Characterization Exploration  Hero’s Journey Archetypes Lecture  Archetype Group Presentations

3 ESSAY REFLECTION Review your feedback on your essay and ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER, answer the following questions: 1. What are your strengths as a writer? 2. What are your weaknesses as a writer? 3. What grammatical rule do you need to review? What is it? Why do you think you make that mistake frequently? 4. What is your goal as a writer?

4 If you would like an additional opportunity to re-write your essay, you may choose to do so within one week of your graded essay’s return. If you would like to meet with me to discuss your essay and your opportunity for a re-write, please schedule a time during advisory or before/after school.  To complete an essay re-write, you must include the following components:  Original final draft packet (including graded rubric)  Revised final draft packet (with another round of self-evaluation on the rubric)  “Essay Re-Write” sheet with your goals (half sheet) Essay re-writes will not be accepted without all of these components. Half-Sheet Questions:  1. Why are you choosing to re-write your essay?  2. After reviewing your essay, what are you specifically going to improve in your paper? Please remember to focus on current assignments as well if you choose to take your time to re-write your essay. ESSAY RE-WRITE OPPORTUNITY

5 WORD WEDNESDAY  In your groups, present your word, definition, and sentence.  Choose two exceptionally useful words to share with the class.  You will have two representatives share the selected vocabulary words with the class. It must not be the representative’s own word.

6 ESSENTIAL QUESTION  Essential Question: How do these generic character types help us to understand ourselves and others?

7 JOURNAL #4 – ARCHETYPES (9/24/2014)  In your journals, make a list of all of the stereotypes, archetypes, or character types that you can think of.  As we learn about Archetypes, take notes in your journal.






13 WHAT IS AN ARCHETYPE?  An archetype is a prototype or model from which something is based.  Situation Archetypes  Symbolic Archetypes  Colors  Numbers  Shapes  Nature  Objects  Character Archetypes

14 THE MONOMYTH’S MAJOR ARCHETYPAL CHARACTERS  The one story that rules them all comprised of the various character types that keep showing up.


16 ARCHETYPES VIDEO - TAKE NOTES  h?v=yZxs_jGN7Pg h?v=yZxs_jGN7Pg


18 “TO SERVE AND SACRIFICE” THE HERO- “TO SERVE AND SACRIFICE”  The hero must learn in order to grow. Often the heart of a story is not the obstacles he faces, but the new wisdom he acquires, from a mentor, a lover, or even from the villain.  The hero can be an innocent, a wanderer, a martyr, a warrior, a vengeful destroyer, a ruler, or a fool. But the essence of the hero is the sacrifice he makes to achieve his goal.


20 “TO GUIDE” THE MENTOR- “TO GUIDE”  The mentor is a character who aids, trains, guides or offers advice to the hero. The essence of the mentor is the wise old man or woman.  These characters are often found in the roles of drill instructor, coaches, the older policeman, the aged warrior training the squire, a boss, parent or grandparent, etc.



23 “TO WARN OR CHALLENGE” THE HERALD- “TO WARN OR CHALLENGE”  The role of the Herald is to announce the challenge which begins the hero on his story journey.  The Herald is the person or piece of information which upsets the sleepy equilibrium in which the hero has lived and starts the adventure.  The Herald can show up at any time in the story, but usually appear at the beginning.  Can reside within the Hero (dreams/visions) or outside of the Hero (declaration of war/approaching storm).



26 “TO TEST” THE THRESHOLD GUARDIAN- “TO TEST”  The threshold guardian is the first obstacle to the hero in his journey- it may be a character, a locked door, an animal or a force of nature such as a tornado.  Frequently the threshold guardian is a henchman or employee of the antagonist.  The threshold guardian can also be an otherwise neutral character, or even a potential ally.  The hero will encounter the guardian early in the story, usually right after he starts his quest.



29 “TO QUESTION OR DECEIVE” THE SHAPESHIFTER- “TO QUESTION OR DECEIVE”  The Shapeshifter changes role or personality, often in significant ways, and is hard to understand.  That very changeability is the essence of this archetype.  The Shapeshifter's alliances and loyalty are uncertain, and the sincerity of his claims is often questionable. This keeps the hero off guard.



32 TO DISRUPT” THE TRICKSTER- “TO DISRUPT”  The Trickster is a clown, a mischief maker. He provides the comedy relief that a story often needs to offset heavy dramatic tension.  The trickster can be an ally or companion of the hero, or may work for the villain. In some instances the trickster may even be the hero or villain.



35 THE SHADOW- “TO DESTROY”  The Shadow archetype is a negative figure, representing our darkest desires, our untapped resources, or greatest fears and phobias.  The shadow is the worthy opponent with whom the hero must struggle- the Anti-Hero.  In a conflict between hero and villain, the fight is to the end; one or the other must be destroyed or embraced and accepted.


37 ALLIES - “TO SUPPORT”  Fills in gaps where hero is deficient (skills or knowledge)  Represents virtues of hero (could be one sidekick or a team)  Support system (the mentor is more of a teacher)  Allows hero to complete journey



40 ARCHETYPE PROJECTS September 29, 2014 Western Literature

41 OBJECTIVES  Students will be able to identify archetypes in movies, books, and TV shows.  HOW?  Hero Journey’s Challenge  Archetype Group Presentation

42 PERIOD 5 – ARCHETYPE GROUPS  GROUP #1  Sam Beemer  Megan Roo  Katherine Compton  GROUP #2  Ryan Anderson  Payton Grove  James Hood  GROUP #3  Lauren Newell  Clarissa Solis  Conor Daugherty  GROUP #4  Caleb Rickel  Rachel Reagor  Megan Shupe  GROUP #5  Nathan Bujarski  Angie Chavez  Jena Stellar  GROUP #6  Faith Gauthier  Robert Miner  Thomas Hefner  GROUP #7  Sydney Hanson  Tim Smith  Jessie Coffin

43 PERIOD 7 – ARCHETYPE GROUPS  GROUP #1  Matthew Allpass  Caris Fox  Chris Wilhoute  Marissa Kersey  GROUP #2  Jon Beemer  Madison McCoy  Tyler Greenberg  GROUP #3  Elizabeth Brown  Zach Zimmer  Ceegan Callahan  GROUP #4  Iris Blok  Kate Nelson  Jacob Leslie  GROUP #5  Ryan Butler  Brittany Carlson  Luci Schwarz  GROUP #6  Allison Joseph  Nick Stephens  Abbey Lehigh  GROUP #7  Lisa Retzlaff  Matthew Gresh  Zack Worrell

44 YOUR TASK: HERO’S JOURNEY CAST  In your small groups, think of a movie, TV show, or novel that has distinct characterizations within the cast of characters. Identify at least seven of the Hero’s Journey archetypes that you see in that movie, TV show, or novel.  You will share your conclusions with the class.

45 ARCHETYPE PRESENTATION  In your assigned groups, you will be given several different archetypes. Your job will be to create an engaging presentation to the class that defines your NINE archetypes and provides numerous examples for each archetype in various books, movies, TV shows, reality, etc. You also will include your cast of the Hero’s Journey archetypes in a selected TV show, movie, or book.  Your presentation should be around 10 minutes long. Your presentation may not be shorter than 8 minutes or you will lose credit. Your presentation may not exceed 12 minutes or you will be cut off!  You must create a visual accompaniment to present your information to the class in a creative and engaging way. You may use pictures and/or appropriate video clips.  Each group member must participate in brainstorming ideas, creating the presentation, and presenting to the class. Group members will have a “group contribution” grade based on self- and group evaluations.

46 HOMEWORK  Complete your group’s portion of the Archetype chart for your presentation notes.  You will have more time to work on your group presentation on Tuesday.

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