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Do Now – World History In your own words, what is self-determination? (Feel free to look up, and rephrase a definition)
THE PEACE OF WESTPHALIA
Essential Questions What is sovereignty? What political changes occurred as a result of the Peace of Westphalia?
Effects of the Treaty Ended the war
Effects of the Treaty Started to break apart the Holy Roman Empire
Effects of the Treaty Established a balance of power in Europe
Effects of the Treaty Created the new nations of the Netherlands and Switzerland
Effects of the Treaty Allowed Catholics to practice their religion freely, even if they were in a Protestant-controlled region
Effects of the Treaty Created the idea of sovereignty
What is “Sovereignty”? the ability of an individual nation, or group of people that share a common culture, to have self-rule aka: “self-determination” How can a ruler have self-determination?
4 Characteristics of Sovereign Nations A group of people with a common culture
Characteristics of Sovereign Nations Recognizes the difference between “foreign” and “domestic”
Characteristics of Sovereign Nations Has complete control over its own territory
Characteristics of Sovereign Nations Is also called a “nation-state”
The Pope Challenges the Idea… Pope Innocent X (“the Tenth”) declared the Peace of Westphalia null and void Nation-states ignored the Pope What social change did the reactions exemplify?
Revisiting The Essentials… What political changes occurred as a result of the Peace of Westphalia?
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Charles V ( ), Holy Roman Emperor declared in 1555 that each of the 224 German states could choose their religion (Catholic or Protestant).
Statement against Church abuses Luther protected from punishment by German nobles.
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