AP Human Geography 12/15/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine the Abrahamic Faiths. APHugIII-B.2. Language objective: Write about Judaism. I. Journal#44 pt.A -Watch the following: -The Birth of JudaismThe Birth of Judaism II. Quiz#27 III. Journal#44 pt.B -notes on Judaism & Christianity Homework: Read p.211-217 NOTICE: Journals#35-45 Due Wednesday!
Judaism One of the world’s oldest religions Monotheistic religion that evolved in Southwest Asia 3 branches-Orthodox, Conservative and Reformed Not evangelical-does not seek converts Concentrated in Israel, but widely scattered in Middle East, North Africa, Russia, Ukraine, Europe and the Americas
The Kingdom of Israel –1025BC Around 1025BC, the Hebrews emerged from the Sinai Peninsula and into the Fertile Crescent. Ancient Israel was located in Palestine, which was the crossroads between Mesopotamia & Egypt. The Kingdom was constantly threatened by invaders. The Kingdom flourished under King David & King Solomon.
David & Solomon David was a great general His son, Solomon, was very wise. Solomon ruled during an era of peace & made Jerusalem a great city. But, to pay for the buildings, he heavily taxed the people. When Solomon died in 930BC, civil war broke out making the kingdom weak. http://lahabra.seniorhigh.net/pages/teachers/pages/math/timeline/Michelangelo_David.jpg
Two Kingdoms The Northern kingdom of Israel was conquered by the Assyrians. The ten tribes that lived there have been lost to history The Southern Kingdom of Judah was conquered by the Babylonians and forced into exile. In 500BC, the Hebrews returned & rebuilt Jerusalem, but came under the rule of the Persians, the Greeks and the Romans. In 70AD, the Romans forced the Hebrews out of Palestine. This is called the Diaspora. The Jews (Hebrews) spread out across the world. http://www.rapturechrist.com/mapisrael3g.gif
Rosh Hashanah Means literally, the "head of the year.“ It is the Jewish New Year. It ushers in a period of high holy days for reflection and repentance. A ram’s horn or shofar is sounded. (the ram is used because Abraham sacrificed a ram instead of Isaac
Yom Kippur Means "Day of Atonement," and is the most important holy day, the last of the high holy days. It is a time of confessing of sins, atoning or making amends for wrongdoing, and seeking forgiveness, and it comes ten days after Rosh Hashanah. The shofar, or ram’s horn, is sounded at the end of Yom Kippur.
Hanukkah Commemorates the defeat of the Syrian Greeks by the Maccabes in 165 B.C. Also the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem. Miraculously, a tiny container of oil was found in the Temple burned for eight days.
Passover A spring festival lasting seven or eight days, recalling the angel of death "passing over" the Hebrews. As the first born of the Egyptians were taken by death of the last of the great plagues brought by God on the Egyptian captors. A home and synagogue ceremonial meal recalls the bitter experience of slavery in Egypt and the haste of the escape, or "Exodus."
Homework Read p.211-217 and begin working on Chapter#7 Guided Reading pt.II. Notice: Journals#35-45 Due on Wednesday! FRQs #5-9 Due Thursday!
AP Human Geography 12/16/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Continue examination of the Abrahamic Faiths. APHugIII-B.2. Language objective: Write about Christianity. I. Journal#45 pt.A -Watch the following: -FrontlineFrontline II. Journal#45 pt.B -notes on Christianity Homework: Read p.218-223 Notice: Journals#35-45 Due TOMORROW!
Christianity Religion founded by Jesus. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, small town near Jerusalem, during Roman rule. Christians believe that Jesus is the messiah, which is the Son of God sent to save the Jews & restore the Kingdom of Israel. Many Jews didn’t believe this. They thought Jesus was a trouble maker. In 33AD, Jesus was arrested and sentenced to die by crucifixion. http://www.geneveith.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/rem58.jpg Painting of Jesus by Rembrandt
Jesus’ Teachings Parables – short stories with simple moral lessons to teach people kindness. Jesus said God was kind and people who were kind and unselfish would be rewarded by God. His teachings were spread outside of Palestine after his death by his friends (disciples) The Romans tried to kill all Christians, but failed. Over 200 years after Jesus’ death, the Roman emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and made Christianity the official religion of the empire. http://homepage.mac.com/paulstephenson/madison/medieval/images/constantine1.gif Emperor Constantine
Branches of Christianity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ChristianityBranches.svg
Branches of the Reformation http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0c/Protestantbranches.svg/800px-Protestantbranches.svg.png
Branches of a Branch http://history.pcusa.org/pres_hist/connection2_900.jpg
Religions Chart (1) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism PersonChristianMuslimJew OriginMiddle East Supreme Being (Monotheism) GodAllahYahweh (Jehovah)
Religions Chart (2) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism Main Founder Jesus 30ADMohammed 570-632AD Abraham 1900BC ProphetsMoses, Adam, Noah, Gabriel, Abraham Moses, Adam, Gabriel, Jesus Moses, Adam, Amos, Micah, Jesus
Religions Chart (3) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism BeliefsWealthy to poor, Life after death Be kind to others, Take care of sick “Chosen people” ScriptureBibleKoranTorah
Religions Chart (4) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism Leadership Priest/ Minister SheikRabbi Guidelines 10 Commandments 5 pillars10 Commandments Symbol Cross Crucifix Crescent Black Stone Star of David Tablets of Law
Religions Chart (5) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism Place of Worship Church -steeple Mosque - Minaret Synagogue / Temple Day of Worship SundayFridaySaturday Holy City & Pilgrimage Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Rome (Vatican) Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem “Holy Land” Jerusalem
Religions Chart (6) ReligionChristianityIslamJudaism Holy Days Good Friday Easter Christmas Ramadan (holy month) Rosh Hashanah, Hanukkah, Yom Kipper, Passover Main Divisions Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant Sunni, Shiite Conservative, Orthodox, Reformed
Sacred Sites of Jerusalem Jerusalem is sacred to three major religions: Judaism (Western Wall) Christianity (Church of the Holy Sepulchre) Islam (Dome of the Rock)
Homework Read p.218-223 and continue working on Chapter#7 Guided Reading pt.II. Notice: Journals#35-45 Due TOMORROW! FRQs #5-9 Due Thursday!
AP Human Geography 12/17/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine the History of Christmas. APHugIII-B.2. Language objective: Write about Christmas. I. Administrative Stuff -attendance II. Journals#35-45 Due! III. Film: Christmas UnwrappedChristmas Unwrapped -questions on film about the history of the holiday
Tomb of St. Nicholas in Florence, Italy Photo by Mark Milewski March 2000
Homework Continue working on Chapter#7 Guided Reading pt.II. Notice: Journals#35-45 Due TOMORROW! FRQs #5-9 Due Thursday!
AP Human Geography 12/18/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine the changing demographics in America. APHugIII-B.2. Language objective: Write about demographics and religion in America. I. America By the NumbersAmerica By the Numbers -notes on film about advertising II. FRQ Day#9 -2009 FRQ#1 Answer2009 FRQ#1 Answer III. FRQ Binder Due!
Homework Continue working on Chapter#7 Guided Reading pt.II.
AP Human Geography 12/19/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Examine Hindu Marriage Ceremony. APHugIII-B.2. Language objective: Write about Human Geography. I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance & return of FRQ binder II. Quiz#28 III. Film: The Two Mrs. Nahasapeemapetilons -notes on short film Homework: Enjoy the break! Happy Hanukkah, Merry Christmas, Happy Boxing Day, Happy Kwanza, Happy New Year, Happy Holidays!