Presentation on theme: "What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?
2 Belief about GodJudaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic, that is they all believe in 1 God. Each religion has a different name for God: YHWH, Lord, and Allah.
3 OriginAll three religions originated on the continent of Asia, in the Middle East. Judaism and Christianity began in present-day Israel and Islam in Saudi Arabia.
4 PersonAbrahamConsidered to be the father of monotheism (the belief in 1 God) and therefore the father to all 3 religions.Sarah+Abraham+HagarIsaac Ishmael(Judaism) (Islam)(Christianity)
5 The city of Jerusalem Islam- Dome of the Rock: Muhammad ascended into heaven.ChristianityChurch of the Holy Sepulcher:The ground on which the church stands the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament says that Jesus was crucified. It is said to also contain the place where Jesus was buried (the sepulcher).JudaismWailing Wall: Only remaining Wall of the Temple of Solomon.
7 Places of worship Mosque (Islam) Church (Christianity) Synagogue (Judaism)7
8 Holy Books The Bible-The Old and New Testament The Torah- the first five books of the Old Testament.(Christianity)(Judaism)The Koran or Qu’ran (Islam)8
9 Religious LeadersImam- a prayer leader of a mosque (Islam)Caliph- head of an Islamic community.Pope, Patriarch, priest, minister, preacher-Leaders of various branches of Christianity.Rabbi- the official leader of a synagogue (Judaism)
10 Unique Beliefs and Guidelines JudaismOldest of the 3 monotheistic religionsTen Commandments- 1st laws of the Jewish faith.Holidays such as Passover and Rosh Hashanah3 main branches- Orthodox, Conservative and Reform
11 Unique Beliefs and Guidelines ChristianityThe most widely practiced religion in the world.Based on the life and teachings of Jesus ChristMany branches- Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, etc.)The office of the Pope, the head of the Catholic Church is known as the Papacy.
12 Unique Beliefs and Guidelines IslamMuhammad is the last and greatest prophet of IslamThe guidelines Muslims follow are known as the Five Pillars (fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca- the Hajj, pray 5 times a day, declaration of prayer, and giving of charity).The 2 holiest cities are Mecca and Medina. Both cities are located in Saudi Arabia.The 2 main branches are Shi’a and Sunni