Presentation on theme: "Reforming and Transforming Care: Considering Person- Centredness Professor Brendan McCormack Head of the Division of Nursing, Queen Margaret University,"— Presentation transcript:
Reforming and Transforming Care: Considering Person- Centredness Professor Brendan McCormack Head of the Division of Nursing, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh Professor II, Buskerud Vestfold University College, Drammen, Norway; Extraordinary Professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Adjunct Professor of Nursing, University of Technology, Sydney; Visiting Professor, University of Aberdeen
Tradition evolves with time and place while holding strongly to certain formal, cultural, and personal principles. Nostalgia seeks the security of past forms without inherent principles” (Callthorpe, 2008)
Are our services more responsive to persons? ‘Person-centred moments vs ‘Person-centred cultures’ The ‘fragility’ of person-centredness – dependent on: Consistency of care delivery Effectiveness of coordination Quality of leadership (team/unit/organisational/strategic) Knowledge, skills and expertise of care team Existence of a person-centred culture Systems-wide commitment to person-centredness Existence of flexible models of care delivery (McCance et al, 2012)
Misuse of power and lack of autonomy Horizontal violence and oppressed behaviours Transactional leadership (Brown & McCormack 2010) Psychologically Unsafe Environments: characterised by …
There is a need for organisations to change structurally and create more positive conditions if transformational leadership is to be sustained. Otherwise, nurse leaders will become frustrated in an environment that is expanding regulatory mechanisms (Hewison & Griffiths 2004)
“Why does one bolster our spirits, calm our nerves and nourish our soul? Why does another drain us of our vitality, leaving us feeling flat? (Adapted from Quillien, 2008)
Presencing Group & individual reflection to transform self & will Sensing Create space to see connection with existent reality & transform perceptions Realising Bringing new action to transform context Seeing our seeing Embodying the new (project completion) PROTOTYPING Letting go Envisioning reaching clarity & connection to inner ‘knowing’ Suspending redirecting Letting come Courage Commitment Facilitative leadership Capacities of the U movement (Brown & McCormack 2010, adapted from Senge, Sharmer et al 2005).
The Fifteen Properties of Nature Strong Centres Levels of Scale Boundaries Good Shape Positive Space Local symmetries Alternating Repetition Deep interlock & ambiguity Contrast Gradients Roughness Echoes Voids Simplicity & Inner Calm Not separateness ‘The Nature of Order’ by Christopher Alexander
All life tends to form multi-levelled structures of systems within systems … the different ‘nested’ levels help each other, perform different tasks, and are necessary to the functioning of the whole … (Quillien 2008) Levels of Scale
Boundaries A boundary helps focus attention on the centre
Positive Space Accomplished dancers will naturally create between and around themselves a flow of changing positive spaces. Beginners not well centred in themselves and out of sync with their partners will be less connected by the spaces in-between
Not-Separateness Not- seperateness is experiencing a living whole as being at one with the world. Ponds, such as this one, cannot be sharply isolated from their surrounds. In the same way, old farming villages are not separate from their fields.
A coaching model that promotes a sense of safety, openness, and trust. Use of authentic methods that support a learner-centred approach. Facilitation of leader autonomy, participation and collaboration. Engagement with activities that encourage the exploration of alternative personal perspectives, problem-posing, and critical reflection Communicative spaces for democratic dialogue and experimentation
“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete (Buckminster Fuller, cited in Quillien, 2008)