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Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Basics

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Presentation on theme: "Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Basics"— Presentation transcript:

1 Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Basics
Laura Kowalski Assistant Team Manager, Policy and Regulatory Affairs, TG Joan Maddux Training Specialist, Default Prevention, TG

2 Course outline What is Income-Based Repayment (IBR)? Key terms Repayment IBR resources Forgiveness Borrower counseling

3 What is Income-Based Repayment (IBR)?
New repayment plan available to FFELP and FDLP borrowers beginning July 1, 2009 Must have a “partial financial hardship” (PFH) when selecting IBR Provides interest subsidy on subsidized loans for up to three years if IBR payment is less than accrued interest on those loans Provides forgiveness of remaining balance after 25 years (300 eligible payments)

4 Borrowers who can benefit from IBR
Individuals entering careers with relatively high loan debt compared to starting salaries, such as: Medicine Law Elementary/secondary education Social work Individuals whose loans are in a delinquent status

5 Eligible loans Stafford SLS Grad PLUS Federal Consolidation loans that include only student loans: Stafford, SLS, Grad PLUS, Perkins, HPSL, HEAL, and FISL loans

6 Ineligible loans: Parent PLUS loans Consolidation loans that include Parent PLUS loans Private (or "alternative") student loans State loans Other loans not guaranteed by the federal government Defaulted loans

7 Key Terms

8 Partial financial hardship (PFH)
Borrower’s monthly loan payment using the standard 10-year repayment plan 15% of (borrower’s Adjusted Gross Income – 150% of poverty line amount) / 12 Based on income and family size

9 Change effective July 1, 2010 Final rules published October 29, 2009 will soon allow for the PFH to be determined based on the greater of either: The original loan balance when the borrower initially entered repayment, or The current loan balance at the time IBR is requested.

10 Adjusted Gross Income (AGI)
AGI = gross income – deductions (IRS definition) IBR and married borrower's filing status: Married/joint: Both spouses’ AGIs are considered in determining payment amount Married/separate: Only the borrower's AGI is considered in determining payment amount Borrower must provide permission for IRS to disclose AGI and "other tax return information" to lender annually

11 Change effective July 1, 2010 Final rules published on October 29, 2009 will soon allow both the borrower’s and spouse’s eligible loans to be used in determining whether each borrower has a PFH if the married couple files a joint tax return.

12 Family size Includes borrower, spouse, children, unborn children if receiving > 50% support, and others who live with the borrower and receive > 50% support during that year Support includes money, gifts, loans, housing, food, clothes, car, medical and dental care, and payment of college costs Defaults to one (1) if borrower does not provide required information Borrower must certify annually

13 Repayment

14 Determining PFH payment amount
When borrower requests IBR, lender performs PFH calculation If PFH calculation shows that loan payment under standard 10-year repayment plan is >15% [AGI – (150% Poverty line amount for the family size)] divided by 12

15 Examples Single borrower with no dependents Married borrower with two children (and no spousal income or spousal student loan debt) Single medical resident borrower with no dependents Eligible student loan debt $40,000 $80,000 $150,000 Interest rate 6.8% Adjusted Gross Income $30,000 $60,000 $45,000 10-year standard plan monthly payment $460 $920 $1,726 Estimated monthly payment under IBR plan $170 $340 $359 Reduction in monthly payment amount $290 $580 $1,367

16 IBR payment amounts Payment amount less than $5.00 = $0 payment amount due Payment amount between $5.00 and $10.00 = $10.00 payment amount due

17 Borrowers with multiple loans/holders
The borrower must contact each loan holder separately to request IBR Each loan holder must include all eligible loans that it holds in the IBR plan, unless the borrower requests otherwise

18 Qualifying for subsequent years
Borrower’s eligibility and IBR monthly payment is re-evaluated annually Borrower must submit IBR forms to holder each year If borrower fails to submit IBR forms, holder is required to recalculate the borrower’s monthly payment

19 Repayment terms Once in IBR, repayment can extend beyond 10 years regardless of the amount of the eligible debt Borrower can elect to remain in IBR even when he or she no longer meets PFH Borrower is not locked into IBR, but could have consequences if he or she voluntarily leaves plan

20 Deferment and forbearance
Like other types of repayment plans, borrower is eligible for deferment and forbearance under IBR

21 IBR Resources

22 IBR forms FFELP Income-Based Repayment Plan Application (pending final OMB approval) Documentation of AGI: IRS form 4506-T: Request for Transcript of Tax Return, or First two pages of federal tax return, or FFELP Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Alternative Documentation of Income IBR forms

23 $ 460 > 15% [AGI - 150% (Poverty Line) ] /12
Let’s do the math $ 460 > 15% [AGI - 150% (Poverty Line) ] /12 $ 460 > 15% ($ 30,000 - $ 16,245) /12 $ 460 > 15% ($ 13,755) /12 $ 460 > $ 2, /12 $ 460 > $ 172 IBR Calculator $ 172 ($ 30,000 - $ 16,245) $ 2, /12 150% (Poverty Line) 15% ($ 13,755) $ 460 > 15% ($ 30,000 - $ 16,245) /12 $ 460 > $ 2, /12 $ 460 > 15% ($ 13,755) /12 $ 460 > 15% [AGI - 150% (Poverty Line) ] /12 $ 460 > $ 172

24 Forgiveness

25 What counts as an eligible payment?
Payments made under the IBR plan Payments made under any repayment plan that are equal to or greater than the calculated 10-year standard payment amount Only payments made on or after July 1, 2009 Borrower must have qualified for IBR plan at least once Each month during a borrower’s economic hardship deferment on or after July 1, 2009

26 What does not count as an eligible payment?
Payments made prior to July 1, 2009 Payments less than the required amount under IBR agreement Payments made while in default Payments made under a rehabilitation agreement

27 Consolidation If borrower chooses to consolidate a loan on which the “25-year IBR forgiveness clock” had already started, the clock will re-start on the date of disbursement of the Consolidation loan.

28 IBR and Public Service Loan Forgiveness
ED forgives outstanding balance on an eligible Direct loan if: The borrower has made 120 separate, full, monthly, on-time payments after October 1, 2007, under one or more specified repayment plans (Standard, ICR, IBR) The loan is not in default The borrower is employed full time in a qualifying public service job during the period the borrower makes the required 120 payments and at the time loan forgiveness is requested and granted

29 Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)
For more information about PSLF, access: Check out several PSLF Q&As at the same link

30 IBR Implementation

31 IBR benefits for borrowers
Potential borrower benefits of IBR include: More manageable monthly payments (including $0 payment amount) Accrued interest paid for three years on subsidized loans in certain situations Avoidance of delinquency and default Healthier credit history Remaining principal and interest is forgiven after 25 years of payments

32 IBR considerations for borrowers
Borrowers should consider the following: More interest could be paid over time Repayment period could be more than 10 years Annual submission of information on income and family size to prove continued eligibility for reduced payments under IBR is required

33 IBR benefits for schools
For schools, IBR: Can provide more choices for students to pursue their desired programs of study Can give schools a tool to assist student borrowers in avoiding delinquency and default Can positively impact a school’s cohort default rate

34 TG implementation Training customers
A series of Shoptalk articles about IBR Internal training of TG team members; particularly call center staff On-demand webinars for schools and lenders Updated TG collateral; brochures, entrance counseling (Mapping Your Future [MYF] is also updated with IBR information)

35 Counseling the borrower
TG implementation Counseling the borrower Identifying Evaluating Facilitating the IBR forms process Maximizing borrower communications

36 TG resources TG Online—Managing Repayment page at: Shoptalk—Special IBR edition at: IBR calculator at: Order new and updated brochures at:

37 © 2009 Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation
To order additional copies, or to request permission to reproduce any of the information provided, please call TG Communications at (800)

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