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Repayment Loan Options. Agenda Income-Driven Repayment Plans Overview –Pay As You Earn Plan –Income-Based Repayment Plan –Income-Contingent Repayment.

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Presentation on theme: "Repayment Loan Options. Agenda Income-Driven Repayment Plans Overview –Pay As You Earn Plan –Income-Based Repayment Plan –Income-Contingent Repayment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Repayment Loan Options

2 Agenda Income-Driven Repayment Plans Overview –Pay As You Earn Plan –Income-Based Repayment Plan –Income-Contingent Repayment Plan –Income Sensitive Repayment Plan Other Repayment Plans –Standard –Graduated –Extended (fixed or graduated) Resources

3 Income-Driven Plans Overview For more details on eligibility, go to

4 Poverty Guidelines The following chart contains information from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). To determine your family size, count your children if they receive more than half their support from you, and count other persons if they live with you as well as receive more than half their support from you currently and for the foreseeable future. Support includes money, gifts, loans, housing, food, clothes, car, medical and dental care, payment of college costs, and so on.Department of Health and Human Services Next, find the column that represents your place of residence. Read down to your family size. This is the poverty guideline for you. Family size48 Contiguous states and D.C.AlaskaHawaii 111,17013,97012, ,13018,92017, ,09023,87021, ,05028,82026, ,01033,77031, ,97038,72035, ,93043,67040, ,89048,62044,710 For each additional person, add3,9604,9504,550 Last updated February 22, 2013

5 An Example of Calculating Payments 1 Person = $11,170 Poverty Guidelines 150% of $11,170 = $16,755 $60,000 Adjusted Gross Income - $16,755 = $43,245 (discretionary income) $43,245 x 10% for Pay As You Earn Program (PAYE) divided by 12 months would be $ payment in PAYE $43,245 x15% for Income Based Repayment Program divided by 12 months would be $ payment in IBR

6 Income-Driven Plan Payment Comparison Income Family Size $15,000 IBR $0.00 ICR $64.00$0.00 Pay As You Earn $0.00 $20,000 IBR $41.00$0.00 ICR $147.00$81.00$15.00$0.00 Pay As You Earn $27.00$0.00 $25,000 IBR $103.00$29.00$0.00 ICR $184.00$165.00$99.00$33.00$0.00 Pay As You Earn $69.00$19.00$0.00 $30,000 IBR $166.00$91.00$17.00$0.00 ICR $204.00$193.00$182.00$116.00$50.00$0.00 Pay As You Earn $110.00$61.00$11.00$0.00 $35,000 IBR $228.00$154.00$80.00$10.00$0.00 ICR $221.00$ $199.00$133.00$67.00 Pay As You Earn $152.00$103.00$53.00$0.00 $40,000 IBR $291.00$216.00$142.00$68.00$0.00 ICR $235.00$ $217.00$ Pay As You Earn $194.00$144.00$95.00$45.00$0.00 $45,000 IBR No-PFH$279.00$205.00$130.00$56.00$0.00 ICR $249.00$ $ Pay As You Earn $235.00$186.00$136.00$87.00$37.00$0.00 $50,000 IBR No-PFH $267.00$193.00$119.00$44.00 ICR $ Pay As You Earn $277.00$228.00$178.00$129.00$79.00$30.00 This chart is based on the charts shown on pages and of the Federal Register issued on November 1, 2012 which published the final regulations. This chart assumes an loan debt of $26,000 and an interest rate of 6.80%.

7 Pay As You Earn Under Pay As You Earn, borrowers pay the lesser of: –10% of discretionary income or what they would have paid under the 10-year Standard repayment plan. –Discretionary income for this plan is the difference between the borrower’s AGI and 150 percent of the poverty guideline amount for his/her state of residence and family size. Interest subsidy benefit ‾If the monthly Pay As You Earn payment amount does not cover the interest that accrues on the loans each month, the government will pay the unpaid accrued interest on the borrower’s Direct Subsidized Stafford Loans for up to three consecutive years from the date they began repaying under Pay As You Earn or IBR. The three years does not include periods of Economic Hardship Deferment Borrower must pay all interest on unsubsidized loans For Pay As You Earn, the remaining balance is forgiven after 20 years of qualifying repayment

8 Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Under IBR, borrowers pay the lesser of: –15% of discretionary income or what they would have paid under the 10-year Standard repayment plan –Discretionary income for this plan is the difference between the borrower’s Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) and 150 percent of the poverty guideline amount for his/her state of residence and family size. Interest subsidy benefit –If the monthly IBR payment amount does not cover the interest that accrues on the loans each month, the government will pay the unpaid accrued interest on the borrower’s Subsidized Stafford Loans (either Direct Loan or FFEL Loans) for up to three consecutive years from the date they began repaying under IBR or Pay As You Earn. The three years does not include periods of Economic Hardship Deferment Borrower must pay all interest on unsubsidized loans 25 year loan forgiveness –If the borrower makes 25 years of qualifying payments and meets certain other requirements, any remaining balance will be cancelled

9 IBR Payment Amounts The IBR Partial Financial Hardship (PFH) payment amount is determined by the AGI and family size If the borrower is married and files a joint federal tax return, the AGI includes both spouse’s incomes together If the spouse has eligible student loan debt, this debt may also be taken into consideration when determining whether the borrower has a PFH Annual IBR repayment amount is 15% of the difference between the borrower’s AGI and 150% of the Department of Health and Human Services Poverty Guideline for their family size and state –Divide this amount by 12 to get the monthly IBR payment amount –The IBR payment amount will be adjusted yearly based on income and family size but will never be more than what would be required to be paid under a 10- year Standard Plan based on the balance of the eligible loans when the borrower began repayment under the IBR plan

10 Leaving IBR If borrowers leave IBR and have unpaid interest, it will capitalize to principal, increasing principle balance The borrower is placed into the Standard Plan based on the term remaining for their loan type –For example, Stafford/PLUS Loans will have 10 years minus the time in repayment. Consolidation Loans may have years minus the time in repayment. –Borrowers may request a reduced payment forbearance if they cannot afford the payment amount on the standard repayment plan. Borrowers who leave IBR can come back if they demonstrate "partial financial hardship".

11 Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR) Each year the monthly payments are recalculated based on: –AGI (includes spouse’s income if married) The spouse’s income will only be included if they file federal taxes jointly or are repaying under joint ICR –Family size –Total amount of the borrower’s Direct Loans If payments are not large enough to cover the interest that accrues monthly, the unpaid interest is capitalized once each year –The amount capitalized will not exceed 10% of original amount owed when the borrower entered repayment –If the borrower’s payments are not enough to cover the accruing interest, it will continue to accrue but will not be capitalized if the borrower has reached the 10% limit After 25 years, the remaining balance will be discharged

12 Income-Driven Repayment Examples Examples from FinAid.org calculators

13 Married Filing Jointly Example For the purposes of this example, the borrower’s AGI = $25,000 and the spouse’s AGI =$30,000. The spouse has no loan debt. Examples from FinAid.org calculators

14 Married Filing Separately Example For the purposes of this example, the borrower’s AGI = $25,000 and the spouse’s AGI =$30,000. The spouse has no loan debt. Examples from FinAid.org calculators

15 Electronic Application – IRS Interface Launched in September The eApplication is now available for IBR, ICR, Pay As You Earn or Lowest payment Can be used by borrowers with Direct Loans or FFEL Loans Hosted on StudentLoans.gov. Borrowers can access application directly or through loan servicers’ websites Uses IRS Data Retrieval Tool that is used on the FAFSA Retrieves the most recent tax information from two most recently completed tax years Electronically transmits application to loan servicer—no follow-up necessary unless AGI is unavailable or borrower wants to submit alternative documentation of income Can be used for initial applications or annual recertification

16 Electronic Application – Review

17 Electronic Application - Confirmation

18 Income-Driven Repayment Application Apply on loan servicer’s website –Eligible to apply 60 days prior to repayment start date –Borrower is notified by servicer 90 days prior to renewal date A ‘lowest eligible repayment option’ is available to borrowers unsure of which plan to select. If using alternative documentation of income, supporting documents, such as pay stubs, must clearly show how often (and how much) income is received. Documentation of income and family size must be submitted annually Option to complete application electronically and transfer prior year tax data from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Apply on loan servicer’s website –Eligible to apply 60 days prior to repayment start date –Borrower is notified by servicer 90 days prior to renewal date A ‘lowest eligible repayment option’ is available to borrowers unsure of which plan to select. If using alternative documentation of income, supporting documents, such as pay stubs, must clearly show how often (and how much) income is received. Documentation of income and family size must be submitted annually Option to complete application electronically and transfer prior year tax data from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

19 Repayment Options – Income Sensitive FFEL loans only Monthly payment is based on monthly gross income Must re-apply annually Available for 5 years (The borrower will repay remaining balance under a Standard repayment plan unless another plan is selected.) Loans serviced by FedLoan Servicing: 1.Complete the Income Sensitive Repayment Request Form on the Payment-Related Forms section at MyFedLoan.org/forms. 2.Submit documentation of your most recent total gross income from all sources (pay stubs, etc.) 3.Mail or fax all required forms / documentation: FedLoan Servicing P.O. Box Harrisburg, PA Fax: (717) Contact the appropriate servicer for loans not serviced by FedLoan Servicing Loans serviced by FedLoan Servicing: 1.Complete the Income Sensitive Repayment Request Form on the Payment-Related Forms section at MyFedLoan.org/forms. 2.Submit documentation of your most recent total gross income from all sources (pay stubs, etc.) 3.Mail or fax all required forms / documentation: FedLoan Servicing P.O. Box Harrisburg, PA Fax: (717) Contact the appropriate servicer for loans not serviced by FedLoan Servicing How to Apply

20 Standard Repayment Example Examples from FinAid.org calculators This is the plan the borrower will have when entering repayment, unless the borrower requests otherwise The payment will be a fixed (equal) amount each month, although it could vary due to interest rate changes on a variable rate loan Monthly payments will be at least $50 10-year repayment term (Standard plan for Consolidation Loans is 10 to 30 years based on balance) This is the plan the borrower will have when entering repayment, unless the borrower requests otherwise The payment will be a fixed (equal) amount each month, although it could vary due to interest rate changes on a variable rate loan Monthly payments will be at least $50 10-year repayment term (Standard plan for Consolidation Loans is 10 to 30 years based on balance)

21 Graduated Repayment Example Examples from FinAid.org calculators Payments start low and generally increase every two years 10-year repayment term (Consolidation Loans may have a term of 10 to 30 years based on balance) Monthly payment is never less than the amount of interest that accrues each month No single payment will be more than three times greater than any other payment Payments start low and generally increase every two years 10-year repayment term (Consolidation Loans may have a term of 10 to 30 years based on balance) Monthly payment is never less than the amount of interest that accrues each month No single payment will be more than three times greater than any other payment

22 Extended Repayment Example Examples from FinAid.org calculators Will pay a fixed or graduated payment amount Repayment term not to exceed 25 years FFEL borrowers must have more than $30,000 in outstanding FFEL Program loans (for new borrowers as of 10/07/1998) Direct borrower must have more than $30,000 in outstanding Direct Loans (for new borrowers as of 10/07/1998) Will pay a fixed or graduated payment amount Repayment term not to exceed 25 years FFEL borrowers must have more than $30,000 in outstanding FFEL Program loans (for new borrowers as of 10/07/1998) Direct borrower must have more than $30,000 in outstanding Direct Loans (for new borrowers as of 10/07/1998)

23 Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) 10 years The borrower may qualify for loan forgiveness earlier than 25 years (20 years if under Pay As You Earn) if they work full-time for a qualifying public service organization and make on-time full monthly payments under the repayment plans listed below. Payments made under these plans will count toward the 120 monthly payments that are required to receive loan forgiveness through PSLF. 10-year Standard Repayment Plan Income Based Repayment (IBR) Plan Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR) Plan Pay As You Earn Plan Any other repayment plan if the monthly payment amount is paid is not less than what would have been paid under the 10-year Standard repayment plan For more information on PSLF, please refer to the PSLF Fact Sheet and Q&As:

24 Repayment Schedule Estimator

25 Additional Resources Repayment Schedule Estimator Repayment options Repayment Calculators Federal Student Aid (FSA) Repayment Information

26 Servicing Resources


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