2Kievan Rus Oleg established the state of Kievan Rus. 1Oleg established the state of Kievan Rus.“Rus” meant “warrior band”Set up capital in KievMain ruler “the Grand Prince”
3Kievan Rus steppe = grassland boyars = land owning nobles 2steppe = grasslandboyars = land owning noblesveche = assembly; handled daily matters of towns. Any free man could call a meeting by ringing the town bell.
4Vladimir I & the Eastern Orthodox Church 1expanded Kievan Rus territorysent people to other locations to observe different religions; they were not impressed with any of them until they saw Hagia Sophia in the Byzantine Empire.upon their return, Vladimir made Eastern Orthodox Christianity the official religion.Vladimir I was one of the most important princes.
5Vladimir I & the Eastern Orthodox Church 2Priests from the Byzantine Empire taught them religious ritualsthey began following the style of Byzantine art and architecturegave the Kievan Rus people a sense of belonging to the civilized world
6Yaroslav the Wise Yaroslav, son of Vladimir I 1Yaroslav, son of Vladimir Ibecame Grand Prince of Kiev in 1019, after fighting his brothers for controlinterested in learning, so he was nicknamed “the Wise”
7Yaroslav the Wise encouraged artisans to create 2encouraged artisans to createbuilt churches similar to those in the Byzantine Empiredecorated palace walls with paintingsunder his rule, Kievan Rus had a golden age of peace and prosperity
8Yaroslav the Wise3Kievan Rus laws were based on old slavic customs and Byzantine lawcrimes against property were considered worse than those against peopleno death penaltymost punishments simply made the criminal pay a fine
9Decline of Kievan Rus1began to decline around 1054princes of Kiev began fighting over the throneforeigners took advantage of the chaos and attacked different areas, which interrupted trade.
10Decline of Kievan Rus Kievan Rus never recovered; became more isolated 2Kievan Rus never recovered; became more isolatedtrading land farming land w/mostly peasantsto escape invaders, many people fled to the north & settled in forests.
11The Mongol Conquest11240 the Mongols, tribes from central Asia, took control of Rus statesdestroyed villages and killed many peoplemade the Rus people pay tribute (a gift or money to honor) to the khan, the Mongol leader
12The Church the Eastern Orthodox church remained strong monks founded monasteries in northern foreststowns & villages developed around the monasteriesthis isolation made them cling to their religion and distrust ideas from others
13The Church due to this, they developed their own rituals and practices they were also isolated from other Christian churchesdue to this, they developed their own rituals and practices
14Daily Lifelarge differences between wealthy & poorpeasants rarely ate meat; instead had rye bread, cabbage, fish, and mushroomspeasants enjoyed storytelling & passed them down to each generation
15Daily Lifepeasant men wore white tunics, linen trousers, shoes woven from tree bark, and tied rags around their legs to keep out the coldrich merchants and boyars wore tall fur hats and caftans (long robes the waist with a sash).women (all classes) wore blouses, skirts, and shawls.on holidays, women (all) wore headdresses w/decorations to show the region they were from and marital status
16The Rise of Moscow Moscow or Muscovy, was founded in 1147 more people moved north to escape the Mongols and settled near Moscow’s kremlin, or fortressThe princes learned to cooperate with the Mongols, who allowed the princes to collect taxesThe throne was passed from father to son, so there was no fighting over who would be the next ruler
17The Rise of MoscowMongol chiefs started fighting with each other & grew weakerMoscow grew strongerIn 1380, the army defeated the MongolsSome Mongols remained, but they no longer had any power
18Ivan the Great1480, Ivan III (“The Great”) rid Mongols from Muscovy and expanded its boundaries to the north and westMarried Sophia, a niece of the last Byzantine emperorThe Church believed it meant Moscow had taken the Byzantine Empire’s place as the center of Christianity
19Ivan the GreatIvan began living like a Byzantine emperorHad palaces , cathedrals, & larger walls built in the kremlinCalled himself ‘czar’ (emperor), which later became the official title of the rulerPeople believed that their ruler should have full and unquestioned power over both Church and state