Presentation on theme: "Virgil & Ovid. Virgil & Ovid were around during the Augustan Age of Rome. These poets are compared to the former Greek poets Homer & Hesiod. They."— Presentation transcript:
Virgil & Ovid
Virgil & Ovid were around during the Augustan Age of Rome. These poets are compared to the former Greek poets Homer & Hesiod. They both brought immortality to Roman Mythology.
Virgil was essentially Rome’s national poet. Born October 15, 70 B.C. as Pubilus Virgilius Maro in the village of Andes. Sent to get educated in Milan and Rome. Studied Greek and Roman literature & poetry Devoted his life to his studies and was not concerned with a military or political lifestyle. He lived as a recluse (in seclusion) and was sickly (often ill).
His poetry made him rise to fame in Rome and he established friendships with influential people. Never abandoned his love of the countryside which is evident in his poems. Died of a fever on September 21, 19 B.C. before his final revision of the Aeneid (most famous epic poem). Buried in Naples.
His earliest work was a collection of 10 pastoral poems entitled Eclogues. *(pastoral poetry - verses about the countryside and shepherds) The poems speak of an ideal and unrealistic life Others present ideas to be used in the real world Others even mourn the eviction of farmers from their lands. Another poem, Georgics reflects Virgil’s love of the Italian countryside. In this work he begs farmers to return to their land and restore the agricultural lifestyle.
Aeneid is his most famous epic poem. This poem follows the course of actions of the hero Aeneas after the fall of Troy His settling in the new land The founding of a new race Introduces all the great characters of Roman mythology (mortal & immortal). A few of those named: Dido, Romulus, Jupiter (Zeus), Venus (Aphrodite), etc. Annual printings of at least one version of the Aeneid have been done for the past 500 years.
Born March 20, 43 B.C as Publius Ovidius Naso in the small town of Sulmo (90 miles east of Rome). Sent to Rome to be educated (like Virgil). He was a member of the Roman knightly class (highest social class, elite class) Ovid attempted a career in public life, but did not like it and abandoned it. He settled in Rome and began socializing with a society of poets. Ovid began to write poems and became an immediate success.
His life was not entirely full of glory. In A.D. 8, he was exiled to Tomis on the Black Sea. Reasons behind exile are a mystery, but it was rumored that it involved an adulterous affair with the emperor’s granddaughter. He died A.D. 17, begging to be allowed to return home to Rome.
His autobiographical work, Tristia (sorrow), describes the main events of his life in his own words. Ovid wrote many poems throughout his life: Amores, a series of poems describing love affairs Heroides, imaginary love poems written to mythological characters. Fasti, describes various Roman religious festivals held monthly Only the first six books of the first six months have survived.
Ovid’s most famous work is the narrative poem Metamorphoses. It consists of about 12,000 lines Covers everything from the creation theory to the death of Julius Caesar. An incredible source of Roman mythology