2Complete these statements on a sheet of paper: Poetry is . . .2. The subject(s) or theme(s) of poetry is . . .3. I think poetry . . .4. I wish poetry . . .
3Our real poems are already in us and all we can do is dig Our real poems are already in us and all we can do is dig. Jonathan Galassi
4Introduction to Poetry I ask them to take a poemand hold it up to the lightlike a color slideor press an ear against its hive.I say drop a mouse into a poemand watch him probe his way out,or walk inside the poem’s roomand feel the walls for a light switch.I want them to water-skiacross the surface of a poemwaving at the author’s name on the shore.But all they want to dois tie the poem to a chair with ropeand torture a confession out of it.They begin beating it with a hoseto find out what it really means.-Billy Collins
5AlliterationGlossary: Alliteration is the repetition of similar consonant sounds (not just the same letter), often at the beginning of words that are close together. It is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words and point out similarities and differences.Examples:Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.Blow, bugle blow, set the wild echoes flying…(Tennyson)Blithe beaded bubbles blinking at the brim…(Keats)Fran raced furiously to the phone.
6Alliteration Assignment Fast Run in the JunkyardThat junkyard fell down the side of the hilllike a river: baby buggy black leathercracked car back seat, sofa wind-siphonedby a clutch of tangled wire hangers hanging onlike spiders. We stood and fell as momentum told ustoward somebody’s sodden Sealey dying of galloping miasma,jumped on bedsprings sprung to pogos, and leapedfor king-of-the-mountain where boxes and cans fountainedup the hill’s other side. Sailing saucers, we rodeback down, flinging hat racks, burlap sacks, chairs croppedof backs and flotsam crockery, breezed in league bootsback out of everybody’s past hazards, up the roadto break tar bubbles all-the-way-home where thingswere wearing out as fast as we were growing up.-Jeannette Nichols
7Fast Run in the Junkyard—answer key AlliterationFast Run in the Junkyard—answer keyThat junkyard fell down the side of the hilllike a river: baby buggy black leathercracked car back seat, sofa wind-siphonedby a clutch of tangled wire hangers hanging onlike spiders. We stood and fell as momentum told ustoward somebody’s sodden Sealey dying of galloping miasma,jumped on bedsprings sprung to pogos, and leapedfor king-of-the-mountain where boxes and cans fountainedup the hill’s other side. Sailing saucers, we rodeback down, flinging hat racks, burlap sacks, chairs croppedof backs and flotsam crockery, breezed in league bootsback out of everybody’s past hazards, up the roadto break tar bubbles all-the-way-home where thingswere wearing out as fast as we were growing up.-Jeannette Nicholsalliteration examplesassonance examples
8Your 4 poems need to use alliteration & must be 8-10 lines List poemsPoem #1 topic: “Things that go away and come back again”Make a list of “Things that go away and come back again”Select a few items from this list and write a poem about these items that “go away and come back again.” (This is due at the end of the class.)Poem #2-#4 topic ideas: Choose from the following topics for each poem, or create topics yourself and follow the instructions as listed in #1. Due next time.Things that make me feel 10 feet tallThings I do while trying to fall asleepThings I leave behindThings I should have doneThings I would rather forgetThings that happen once in a lifetime
9Excerpt Example of Poem #1 Poem #1 (notice poem #)“Things That Go Away and Come Back Again” (notice title)Cold sores come quietly.I never see the suckers coming.The possibility of one looms over my lips.When I feel the beginnings of one brewing,I race to the mirror in the bathroomAnd stare in horror, helplessly watching it grow.And aside from the pain they put me through,They make me want to put a paper bag over my poor head.-Sierra, 10th Grade (2012)Poem #1 Things that go away and come back againSeasons come and goMemories fade and later returnZits are gone and now present againSchool sets off then reappearsConsequences revisitThe sun comes flooding back day after dayThe moon revisits after a long dayBirds abandon the cold so they can return to the warmth-Abbie H. (student)
10Poem examples #2-#4 -KZB April 21, 2005 #2 “Things that Flash Brightly”Ocean waves rocking on a moonlit night.Smiles from young lovers whenever they are together,A camera flash, capturing memories for the rest of time.A wife’s diamond sparkling on her wedding ringLightning dancing in the sky on a dark, stormy nightChildren’s fresh faces while frolicking in the fields,Dreams in a young child’s eyes when their imagination comes to life.Life passing slowly as you live it happily.-Jessica G. (student)Poem #2“Things I Do While Trying to Fall Asleep”Drink warm cocoa.Relax and read a book.Listen to some relaxing music.Watch the back of my eyelids.Think about events of the day.Watch the minutes and hours tick away.Find strange shapes in the ceiling tiles.Focus on breathing—in and out.-KZB April 21, 2005
11Poem examples #2-4 Poem #4 “Things I want to do before I die” Poem #3 “Things That Make Me Happy”People whose names start with the letter “A.”Music makes my heart sing.Warm spring days, summer isn’t too far away!Late nights, hearing my phone ring.Family movie nights,Forgiving and forgetting petty old fights.Making new friends,And keeping old ones.Serina (student)Poem #4 “Things I want to do before I die”Go sky diving,Ride a zesty zebra in the zoo,Own a horse and name him Henry,Get in a really bad plane crash and survive,Be in a movie with Ryan Reynolds running in the park,Live in a tree house in the tropics,Own my own island and have a pet shark,Have someone love me like in a majestic movie.Brianna (student)
12OnomatopoeiaGlossary: Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. An effect that is both musical and meaningful is created by using words that sound like their meaning, such as, murmur, buzz, hiss, and ping.Examples:zing thud rattle zipbang whack smack screechpoof pow hum eekclank wham plop click
13Onomatopoeia JABBERWOCKY And as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock with eyes of flameCame whiffling through the tulgey wood,And burbled as it came!One, two! One, two! And through and throughThe vorpal blade went snicker-snack!He left it dead, and with its headHe went galumphing back.And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?Come to my arms my beamish boy!O frabjous day! Callooh Callay!He chortled in his joy.`Twas brillig, and the slithy tovesDid gyre and gimble in the wabe;All mimsy were the borogoves,And the mome raths outgrabe.-Lewis CarrollJABBERWOCKY`Twas brillig, and the slithy tovesDid gyre and gimble in the wabe;All mimsy were the borogoves,and the mome raths outgrabe.Beware the Jabberwock, my son!The jaws that bite, the claws that catchBeware the jubjub bird and shunThe frumious Bandersnatch!He took his vorpal sword in hand:Long time the manxome foe he soughtSo rested he by the Tumtum tree,And stood a while in thought.
14Poems #5-#6 (Sources of) Remember: your poems must use onomatopoeia Here is a list of sources you can choose from. You do not have to use something on this list, but you can if you wish:Sources of…friendship roughness white loneliness sorrowbrilliance surprise stiffness redness calmenemies softness coldness knowledge sighsevil quiet light fear laughtersqueaks hardness fright pain peacehardships grayness black wonder joylove kindness mystery hate warexcitement goodness hatred contentment pressurecourage endurance bravery dedication compassionanger commitment valor insecurity darknessorder solitude rage mercy justice
15Poems #5-#6 (Sources of) Remember: your poems must use onomatopoeia Use these prepositions to help tell where the source comes from: about behind in through above below inside to across beneath into toward after beside near under against between of underneath along beyond off up amid by on upon among down onto with around during outside within at for over without before from past
16Poem Examples #5-#6 Sources of Sadness Sources of Refreshment Sadness Death (sniffle)Fights (ugh)Natural disaster (crash)Suicide (shatter)Lies (pssh)Regrets (hmm)Brayden (student)Sources of RefreshmentAn ice cold sodaand a chocolate bardon’t shake it upor it will spillopen it upand listen closelya nice, crisp fsst!a refreshing noiseDalyn (student)Sources of HappinessHappiness, the emotion/feeling of having excitementand or joy in one’s experiencesHappiness, when I see the Aon my report cardHappiness, the “click, click, click’ in thecup on the courseHappiness, having that special someone with you in that exact, perfectmoment that puts an amazing smile on your faceBrayden (student)
17Simile & MetaphorGloassary: Simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared using the words like or as.Examples:“Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get.” (Forrest Gump)“Her silent anger was like a rock wall, hard and impenetrable.”“His words race through your head like a freight train.”Glossary: Metaphor is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared without the use of like or as. A metaphor takes the form of a direct statement (or direct comparison).“The test was a piece of cake.”“That substitute teacher was a real ringmaster.”“The ferocious-looking pimple was a rhino horn that hurt half of Hector’s head.”
18Poem #7 Simile & #8 Metaphor Poem #9 Imagery Color Poem Complete the Simile/Metaphor Worksheet. Your simile and metaphor poems should each compare two different things throughout your 8-10 lines. They should not be a poem with a bunch of similes and metaphors. Consider using a graphic organizer like a VENN Diagram to find similarities of two things, then write a poem about the similarities. For poem #7, you will write a poem (at least 8-10 lines) comparing two things with simile. For poem #8 compare two things with metaphor. For poem #9, you will write a color poem. Use imagery (the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell).Object1Object2
19Poem #7 Simile Examples Words -from “Words” “Stars” -Gary Soto We are spendthrift with words,We squander them,Toss them like pennies in the air—Arrogant words,Angry words,Cruel words,Comradely words,Shy words tiptoeing from mouth to ear.-from “Words”“Stars”At dusk the first stars appear.Not one eager finger points toward them.A little later the stars spread with the nightAnd an orange moon risesTo lead them, like a shepherd, toward dawn.-Gary SotoNature is a World of JoyThe sky was a storybook full of white puffy characters,Dancing across the deep blue mound.Birds chirp like a choir of beautiful voices,Echoes bouncing from place to place with the sweet sound.Flowers bloom like a never-ending rainbow,Floating across the chocolate ground.Everywhere you look there is a joy to be found.-McCall W. (10th grade student*)
20The Moon is a Silent Friend Simile Examples #7Moon Simile PoemThe moon is like a cookieIt looks like it has a biteAnd even though it may be fullevery dayEvery single dayWill have another biteTaken out andThen it will be no more.-Ethan W. (student)The Moon is a Silent FriendThe moon is a silent friend;It comes and goes,It waxes and wanes,It guides you in the darkness of the night.Its face can be as bright as the sun,Lighting up your path like a spotlightOr its face can be as dark as space itselfVisible or invisible,All nights, even some days,The moon will always be a quiet companion.-Jessica G. (student)LifeLife is like a roller coasterOne minute you’re upNext minute you’re downThere are screams of excitementAnd screams of frightSome looks of anger evenBut in the end we’ll be alrightBecause life goes on-Morgan N. (student)My familyMy family is like a circusAlways laughing and having fun.We are loud and obnoxious.Though we have our ups and downsBright clothing sometimes yelling,When we are all together.My family is like a circus,And we love it all the time.-Morgan S. (student)
21Poem #8 Metaphor Examples The Garden HoseIn the gray eveningI see a long green serpentWith its tail in the dahlias.It lies in loops across the grassAnd drinks softly at the faucet.I can hear it swallow.-Beatrice JanoscoMetaphorMorning isa new sheet of paperfor you to write on.Whatever you want to say,all day,until nightfolds it upand files it away.The bright words and the dark wordsare goneuntil dawnand a new dayto write on.-Eve Merriam
22Metaphor Examples #8Facebook Facebook is a drug With many people addicted It is always there when you should be busy However it can be entertaining It seems to call my name And keep me on later than I should be It is hard to get rid of, And when you do, you come crawling back -Abbie H. (student)The Ocean is a SapphireThe ocean is a shimmering sapphire;It sparkles in the gleaming light,And pleases all eyes.Its deep brilliant blue mesmerizes youEven if you look at it from afar.Its waves become a soft melodyAs you sit on the beach with your eyes closed,And your feet dipping into the cool, liquid jewel.-Jessica G. (student)
23Imagery Color Poem #91- On a separate sheet of paper, list your favorite colors. 2- Select a color, your favorite (or one you hate). Pick a color that you can use to paint a specific memory using one central color. 3- Make a list of SPECIFIC IMAGES associated with the color you selected; for example, for orange, you might write pumpkin, sunset, hunting vest, autumn leaves, tangerine, goldfish, peach. 4- Choose descriptive words for each image. Try to describe not just in terms of sight, but ALSO sound, touch, smell, and taste. Don’t say: it looks like…, it smells like…it sounds like…etc. Imagery is conveying those senses without explicitly saying it. 5- How do you feel about EACH of the IMAGES you’ve selected? Select a specific mood other than happy, sad, good or bad. 6- Consider all the words and phrases you’ve gathered. Can you find a place, a memory? Choose one specific image only. Define it with specific words and phrases that paint it one central color. 7- Extract a poem. Be descriptive! Use action words! Use POETIC LINES 8- Revise your poem, for example: (rough draft): (Not-So-Rough draft): ORANGE ORANGE On an autumn day Misty morning, opening day. I wear a hunting vest Rust-gold-crimson leaves As rust-colored leaves Crackle, crumple, Fall. Cling to my vest like fire. -Bubba Boyd
24Imagery/Color Poem Examples #9 BrownWeathered chicken coop and barn,Leafless trees nearby, deadWinter weeds in the orchard, busyChickensScratch the wet dirt.-Erik BrinkerhoffGreenWet moss whips in the currentAs slimy trout swim by andTiny grasshoppersLeap along theGrassy banks.-Riley SnelsonBlackBlack is the skull and crossboneshanging limp in the calm before the storm;The toasted marshmallow smell ofa house burned down.The chiming of the midnight clock,And deep, dark family secrets.Black is the empty feelingWhen someone you love is gone.-Trevor Smith, Dana White, Gayle Buxton, Lynda HamblinPinkEating cotton candy on abright sunny day.Fresh flowersand bubblegum popping.There is a little girlpetting her pet pig.-Danielle Gooch, Lachelle Beene, Tiffany Foster
25Imagery/Color Poem Examples #9 BlackBlack is what you feelif you’re depressed and need to heal.Black is what is in betweenthe moments between what you dream.It is an unforgiving shadeyet it erupts the audience after a “black out” or fade.Black is also what you eatwhen you mother makes that one dish or specific meat.Black is a haunting smellwhen the new girl smells like the old one, Love Spell.It is a consuming color, which makes you step backIn everything and everywhere, it is the color black.-Zacharia C.OrangeDrifting, fallingleaves cascade downto the groundand cover the once-green grass.The sweetness of a ripe, round, sectioned fruit.Another season in Utah when the roads are covered.A word that nothing rhymes with.The deepest color at sunset.-KBaker April 30, 2008RedDancing in a firestormAcross a deep blue sky is red.The bleeding heart of a love lost is red.Never forgetting the anger inside.A rose in remembrance of life and love.Old Glory and her banners high.To live, to love, to screamis red.-KZB Apr. 21, 2005BlueThe tartness of blueberry pieA reflection of the sky in water is blue.When all is gone wrong.A bouncing baby boy.The melancholy yet, jazzy musicNavy, Seal, Sapphire, and Teal crayons.Sadness and sorrowis blue.-KZB April 22, 2005
26HyperboleGlossary: Hyperbole is a technique where exaggeration is used to create a strongeffect. With hyperbole, the notion of the speaker is greatlyexaggerated to emphasize the point, is the obvious stretching of the truthto emphasize strong feeling or to create a humorous effect.The word “hyperbole” is actually composed of two root words:“hyper” which means “over,” and “bole” which means “to throw.” So,etymologically, “hyperbole” translates roughly to “over throw” or “tothrow over.” True to it’s origins, hyperbole or language that ishyperbolic overstates a point or goes a bit too far.Examples:If I eat one more piece of turkey, I will burst.I am so hungry, I could eat a horse.He lived across the street, yet it was a million miles away.The music was loud enough to make your ears bleed.://voices.yahoo.com/english-lesson-plan-identifying-using-hyperboles html?cat=4
27Hyperbole in the “real world” Facebook example of hyperbole and responses:
28Hyperbole Assignment #1 Using this sentence starter come up with as many hyperboles as you can on a separate piece of paper:I’m so hot…I’m so cold…I’m so tired…I’m so hungry…Homework is…Walking to school is…My best friend and I…Summer is…
29Hyperbole Assignment #2 Find all examples of hyperbole in the song on the next slide. Watch for use of hyperbole in many popular songs today. Songwriters often exaggerate things. No guy/girl would realistically say these things to another, once a relationship is established—it usually comes in the “wooing” process. Unless you are trying to make up for watching too much football, or spending too much money on shopping outings :)
31Hyperbole Assignment #3 Choose 5 of the examples on the next slide and respond to the hyperbole.Really?...use logic and examples that discredit the statement. You’re essentially writing a comeback, like the previous Facebook post responders.What words in the statements make the phrase a hyperbole?
32Hyperbole Assignment #3 Charlie gazed hopelessly at the endless pile of bills stretching across the counter.Christmas will never come.Once I get you in my arms, I’m never going to let you go.He walked down the road to nowhere.John always knows the right thing to say.I’d rather French kiss a rattlesnake than miss a gym period.That woman has no self-control.Phoebe would be content anywhere.That was the easiest question in the world.My dad knows everything about cars.Nothing could ever go wrong with his plan.Max is the fastest thing on two feet.Nothing can bother him.Basketball is the only thing that ever mattered to him.Pam was skinny enough to jump through a keyhole.I can smell pizza from a mile away.I went home and made the biggest sandwich of all time.Nothing can stop these guys.Jasmine never forgets anything.My mom is going to kill me.Everyone knows that.My dad is always working.She can have any boy that she wants.Go to the park? That’s the best idea ever.Patty drank from a bottomless glass of Kool-Aid.Nobody can beat level six.I’d move mountains for her.You’ve made me the happiest man alive, Rita.Allie has a million pairs of shoes in her closet.Tanya never stops talking.The sight of them kissing is so gross that it makes me want to puke.I can’t do anything right.Old Mr. Johnson has been teaching here since the Stone Age.Janet worked her fingers to the bone.We’ll be best friends forever.Jack was thirsty enough to drink a river dry.Forget knocking it out of the park, Frank can knock a baseball off the continent.Now there is no star that is not perfumed with my fragrance.She is perfect in every way.The lesson was taking forever.I will never say “never.”Your dad is the smartest guy in the world.I’ve seen this movie at least 80,000 times.Chris won’t drive her home because she lives on the other side of the universe.We tried everything that we could.Vanessa never has anything interesting to say.I could listen to that song on repeat forever.The only thing that he ever wants to do is play that game.These shoes are killing me.Shauna does everything for him.
33Hyperbole Examples -Joy Harjo “No Difference” For a Hopi Silversmith Small as a peanut,Big as a giant,We’re all the same sizeWhen we turn off the light.Rich as a sultan,Poor as a mite,We’re all worth the sameRed, black or orange,Yellow or white,We all look the sameSo maybe the wayTo make everything rightIs for God to just reach outAnd turn off the light!-Shel SilversteinFor a Hopi Silversmithhe has gathered the windstrengthfrom the third mesainto his handand cast it into silveri have wanted to seethe motion of windfor a long timethank youfor showing me-Joy Harjo
34Poems #10-#12 Remember: your poems must use hyperbole Poem #10—Name Poem. Write your full first name down the side of the page. Using the first letter, write a line that starts with that letter. Continue through your entire name. Your name poem should describe you (or exaggerate—hyperbole). Your poem should not be one word for each letter. The letter starts an entire line. Poem #11—Family Name Poem. Write your full last name down the side of the page. Continue as instructed in #8, but this time, your poem should be about your family. Poem #12—Definition Poem. Define a noun. Creatively tell what the noun is or does. Creatively describe that noun to someone who does not know what that noun is.
35Poem Examples #10 (Name Poem) Follow same format for #11 (Family Name Poem) Lover. Plain and simple. Not always beingIn love, but loving whoever needs it.Shy at first, until I love you. Waiting forHim impatiently. Him, the one to fall in love withA soul mate.-Lisha M. (student)Skyler isKind of a shy person.You wouldn’t think so though. He gets aLittle confused sometimes, butEverything isReally not that bad for him.-Skyler H. (student)
36Poem Examples #10 (Name Poem) Follow same format for #11 (Family Name Poem) Attractive little one that’s alwaysLovingEveryone with all she has to giveShy, but out goingHappy and bubbly always trying to make your dayAn optimistic one who makes sure she is having fun-Alisha (student)Judge us not!Our family is crazyRunning constantlyDancing every eveningAndNever turning our back on one another-B. Jordan (student)
37Poem Examples #12 (Definition Poem) Definition of a Book Full of pages and information, It’s not to be judged by its cover, Has a spine to hold it together, Written by an author, Not for illiterate, Better than watching television. -Skyler H. (student) “Definition of Spoiled” Getting whatever you want. Money. The best and newest of everything. Purchased perfections. Being the youngest or an only child. Rotten. Moldy. Rancid. Spoiled. -KZB April 25, 2005Definition of WaterHydrogen and Oxygen mingled togetherFun to play inGets you wetCleanses thingsHydrates you when you are thirstyFloats boats and leaves and liliesComes from a mountain, the sky,or a hole in the ground.An odorless, tasteless, liquidis water.-KZB April 21, 2005
38Repetition & ImageryGlossary: Repetition is the recurrence of words and phrases for effect.Examples: While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.-from “The Raven” by Edgar Allan PoeGlossary: Imagery is using vivid language to evoke emotion (using the 5 senses: sight, sound, touch/feel, taste, smell).Example: Hannah watched the desert glide by the truck window.Her father drove silently,his fingers beating a little pattern on the wheelto the rhythm of the music from the CD player.His music.His truck.His home.
39sway; I speed to whirring Repetition & ImagerySomeone came knockingat my wee, small door;I am sure---sure---sure;I listened, I opened,I looked to left and right,But nought there a-stirringIn the still, dark night;Only the busy beetleTap-tapping in the wall,Only from the forestThe screech owl’s call,Only the cricket whistlingWhile the dewdrops fall.So I know not who came knocking,At all, at all, at all.-from “Someone” by Water de la MareThe Sidewalk RacerSkimmingan asphalt seaI swerve, I curve, Isway; I speed to whirringsound an inch about theground; I’m the sailorand the sail, I’m thedriver and the wheelI’m the one and onlysingle enginehuman automobile.-by Lillian Morrison
40Poem #13 “Where I am From” Poem Poems #14& 15 Imagist Poem Poem #13 “Where I am From” (has repetition in poem) Use the poem packet as a guide. Leave the bolded words the same and replace the words in parenthesis with what applies to you. Keep the format and indentation of the poem the same. Use indentation and similar line styles. Poems #14 & 15 Imagist Poems (have imagery in poems) Use slides #43-45 as a guide. Your “This is Just to Say” poems should be about one moment, but be full of details. It should be brief and to the point.
41Poem #13 “Where I am From” Poem Example “I’m From the Woods….” I’m from the woods and the creek behind my fenceFrom the gray wooden backyard deck. I’m from the honeysuckles, The pear trees by the neighbor’s garden From the creek when I swing over it.I’m from the yellow walls of Grandma’s kitchen From the Yorkshire pup, the coolest thing in my family. I’m from macaroni pictures of the Ark From “I just can’t snap my fingers and make it happen” and from David the Gnome in summers long ago.I’m from my mom’s side of the family, From roasting turkeys for each holiday, From when Papaw yelled at his boss and got fired From the family pictures in the big wooden cabinet and From the family gathering when we drag them out.I am from those moments. A root that no one sees, but walks all over An important part of the tree.”-by Nick (a student)
42Poem #13 “Where I am From” Poem Example Where I ‘m From….I ‘m from baths in the kitchen sink, From Downy and Mom’s perfumeI am from flowers by the fence (yellow and springy they tasted like crayons).I am from the ivy crawling up the house, The baby tree whose sturdy trunk shot from the ground A mirror image of my planted feet.I’m from sprinkles and plastic table donut shops From Bert and ErnieI’m from stupid heads and dot dot I got my cootie shot From don’t touch this and don’t touch that.I’m from Hymn No. 96 and why is this piece of bread so small? And Bible crafts made from neon pipe cleaners.I’m from Bill and Darlene’s branch From hot soup and freshly baked corn breadFrom the “Well, when I was little’s” and the snowy games Told to me by Green Bay Packer season ticket holdersIn the storage room are boxes Overflowing with shiny, color-coated memories Bundles of dreams kept alive To ask my mother about. I am from those moments A leaf changing color with the weather Time only strengthens the branch that holds me.-by Lauren (a student)
43Poem #13 “Where I am From” Poem Example I am from the clothesbaskets and mismatched socks,from Malt-o-Meal cereal and Tide with Bleach.I am from the yellow brick house with the brown roof,now sadly, it looks nothing like when I lived there.I am from the fresh garden vegetables and tree-grown fruit,the lilac bushes that made Mom sneeze when we brought her a bouquet.I’m from Third Sunday Family Dinners and the total blue-eyed family.from Ray and Patricia.I’m from tears whenever anyone in the family criesand extreme competition in sports and other games.From “Go ask your Father.”and “Do I have to turn this car around?!”I’m from church every Sunday, prayers at every meal,and going to visit Grandma & Grandpa Sunday evenings.I’m from England, Switzerland, and Syracuse, Utahand sticky bread, 7-layer dip, and homemade ice cream.From the great-grandfather who sailed alone to America at age 12and the grandmother with cancer, tumors, and wayward children.The numerous photo albums, boxes full of pictures,old soundless home videos, and Rubbermaid binsfull of mementos, keepsakes, and memories.I am from those momentswhen I wish I could take back some of the words that I said,when I knew I should show love for someone for all they have done, yet didn’t.-KBaker May 5, 2008
44Poems #14-15 Imagist Examples Forgotten RailroadWild strawberries bloom along the steep sides of a forgotten railroad. Poison ivy threatens. Furry foxtails and wispy ferns sway in the breeze; thriving on the blackness of the cinders. Rotting ties, Loosened spikes, Quiet winds, Forgotten railroad.-by gratefuldaisyRemainsBurned and gutted, the remains of the bombed building cry with the captured wind and shelter a single blue violet.Oceans Of WheatThe wheat bent with the wind in waves like the ocean, rippling and rolling in huge breakers. Watching, I became entranced with the movement of it. Running in the grass beside it, I built sand castles from dreams and found seashells of wishes. Then the wind stopped; and the oceans, and the sand, and the shells, and the dreams slipped away.-by gratefuldaisyThe Red Wheelbarrow so much dependsupon a red wheelbarrow glazed with rainwater beside the whitechickens. -William Carlos Williams
45Poems #14 & 15 Imagist Poem Directions Imagist poets paint a picture with words. They use the five senses (sight, smell, touch, taste, & sound) to describe exactly what the image looks like, using imagery.Imagists believe in precise imagery, and clear, sharp language.Imagists focus on the “thing” as “thing” (an attempt at isolating a single image to reveal its essence).Imagist poets don’t explain things too much. They don’t tell the whole story, but rather, they let the reader decide why the image is important.Steps to Writing Poems #14 & #15: Sometimes we don’t say “thanks” and “I’m sorry” as much as we should, but we can say these things in a poem. If we describe the incident in detail, the reader connects to our hearts and knows how we feel.1- Write about at time you intentionally did something inconsiderate (a small, seemingly insignificant act) that perhaps you should have confessed and apologized for. There should be a reason you did what you did, and perhaps you are not terribly sorry because you’d do it again, given the chance. Explain in detail the situation.2- Write about a time someone did a thoughtful thing for you. Once again, focus on one small seemingly insignificant act. Write about the small details you remember.
46Poems #14 & 15 Imagist Poem Directions There are lots of ways to write imagist poems. Today, your assignment is to tell someone how you feel by painting an image of something they did or something you did. Somewhere in the poem, you should say “thank you,” or “forgive me,” or “I’m sorry.”3- What is your message to the reader? Forgive Me I’m Sorry Thank You4- What image are you going to create?5- What sensory details (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch) will you include (be specific)? 6- If you are writing an apology poem, how will you acknowledge your reader’s involvement? In other words, how did your inconsiderate act affect the other person?7- If you are writing an apology poem, what is your excuse for doing what you did? Keep your answer short; you don’t have to explain everything. 8- If you are writing a thank you poem, how did your reader’s kind act affect you?
47Poems #14 & 15 Imagist Poem Examples This is Just to SayThis is just to sayI am sorry for the childish pranks I use to pull on you, specifically when you were 4 or 5 and I wanted to get you to go back upstairs. I would turn off all the lights in the basement and say, “The Jabberwocky is coming.” You would scream in terror as I ran up the stairs, leaving you behind. Forgive me, it was cruel and heartless. But I thought it was so funny at the time.-KBaker May 3, 2012This is Just to SayThis is just to sayI woke up extremely tired thismorning and I didn’t wantto leave the house.Then I saw your noteon the refrigerator andit made me smile andforge ahead.Thank youyou have made my dayhave purpose.-KBaker June 14, 2007This is Just to SayThis is just to saythis morning as I was lookingfor something to eat, I saw your favorite cereal in the cupboardit looked so enticing.I noticed there was only enoughfor you and I was sureyou were going to eat itwhen you got up.Brian, forgive mebut I ate itand it was satisfying.-KBaker June 14, 2007This is Just to SayThe other day when I was visiting,you were making your Oreo cheesecake dessertto serve to your guests at a party that night.And just as you were going to mix it in your Kitchenaid mixer,I saw a fine white hair, undoubtedly from your dog, clinging to the side of the bowl and then fall into the concoction.I noticed it and cringed inside, but didn’t say anything because,well, I wasn’t going to eat it.-KBaker December 15, 2008This is Just to SayThis is just to say thank you for the smile you gave me today. I was having a really bad day and it brightened my mood.-KBaker April, 10, 2012
48AssonanceGlossary: Assonance is the repetition of similar vowel sounds in non-rhyming stressed (accented) syllables that are close together. Assonance is not using the same word in the poem to create the same sound, nor is it rhyming the end of the word.Examples: Till the shining scythes went far and wideAnd cut it down to dry.from the “Hayloft” by R.L Stevensonmellow-yellow, molten-goldenstars are slowly being bornI despise the ice on my windshield.Blame the day, not the place.It pleases me to seea tree lean in a breeze.
49Assonance I knew a simple soldier boy from "The Lady of Shalott“ Willows whiten, aspens quiver,Little breezes dusk and shiverThro' the wave that runs for everBy the island in the riverFlowing down to Camelot.Four gray walls, and four gray towers, Overlook a space of flowers,And the silent isle embowersThe Lady of Shalott.-by Lord Alfred Tennyson, 1809–1892I knew a simple soldier boyWho grinned at life in empty joy,Slept soundly through the lonesome dark,and whistled early with the lark.-from “...in the Trenches” by Sassoon
50Assonance of yellow spice cryptic elements boring joking speaking truthfathertheregrinningbluegoldenrodanotherstoriesfairysheepcryingpossible
51Assonance of yellow spice cryptic boring elements joking speaking truthfathertheregrinningbluegoldenrodanotherstoriesfairysheepcryingpossible
52Poems #16-21 (How To, Haiku, Cinquain) Use assonance in poems Poems #16 & #17—“How To” Poems—You will write instructions on how to become something or do something. It is sort of like a recipe.Poems #18 & #19—Haiku—You will write haiku after the pattern of the Japanese format. It is three lines using the correct number of syllables: It is a short poem that captures a moment in nature.Poems #20 & #21—Cinquain—You will write cinquain using the form of Japanese poetry. There are two types of cinquains:a word cinquain uses specific pattern of words in each linea syllable cinquain uses specific syllables in each line.(See your purple handout for instructions and patterns for this type of poetry.)Remember: your poems need to use ASSONANCE.
53“How to Procrastinate” Poems #16 & #17 “How To” Examples“How to Become a Princess” Sleep on a pea, Kiss a frog, Make a deal with an evil sea witch. Lose a glass slipper. Marry a Prince. -Adrienne Conover (student) “How to Pass a Class” Attend school each day. Show up on time. Do your homework. Study for tests. Try your best. Participate in class. Take charge of your own learning. Do extra credit. Be an angelic student. -KZB April 21, 2005“How to Fail a Class”Sleep instead of pay attentionDon’t do your homeworkSkip out on classMark “C” for every answerDoodle instead of listenMake the teacher madIgnore your alarm clockSuck up to the teacher.-KZB April 21, 2005“How to Lose a guy in 10 days”Be over protective,Have him blow his nose in front of his friends,Name his dog something girly,Call him million times,Show up at his work with the dog,Decorate his house girly,Make fake baby pictures.-Brianna (Student)“How to Procrastinate”Get home from schoolTake a napWatch some TVThen have a snackAll this timeI dread the factI still have homeworkThat just keeps coming backSay you’ll do it in classMath homework in EnglishBut something comes upYou don’t get to finish.-Syndey H. (student)
54Poems #18 & #19 Haiku Examples Remember: a Haiku is 3 lines (syllable pattern) and about NATURE.Water, My OasisCrystal clear water (5)Beckons me for a taste test (7)Beautiful diamonds. (5)-Lisha M. (student)Crumbling EarthAs I place my hand (5)In the wet ground and feel it (7)It feels real to me (5)The RoseThe red blossom bendsand drips its dew to the ground.Like a tear it falls-Donna BrockA Rainbow Curving up, then down. Meeting blue sky and green earth Melding sun and rain.“Untitled 1”Clouds well up with tears (5)They can hold it no longer (7)They begin to cry (5)-Skyler H. (student)“Untitled 2”The water splashesCrashes hard against the rockThe water can’t stop“Untitled 3”Trees have turned to greenThe leaves have been born againSoon they will all fallSnowThe snow falls down fast,Making everything go whiteAnd all the earth pure.-McCall W. (student)
55Poems #20 & #21 Cinquain Examples Syllable CinquainsWord CinquainsSwimmingCool blue (2 syllables)and I am calm, (4 syllables)so sensuous a blue (6 syllables)that now I am in rhythm with (8 syllables)the tides. (2 syllables)-Amy Bodian (student)“Ninja” (syllable cinquain)Ninja (2 syllables—word)Stealth and secret (4 syllables—description)Throws shurikens at night (6 syllables—action)I find them very intriguing (8 syllables—feeling)Warrior (2 syllables—synonym)-Skyler H. (student)“Zombie”Zombie (noun)Dead and emotionless (2 adjectives)Murdering, crawling, feeding (3 ing verbs)Terrified, scared, interested, needy (4 feeling words)Undead. (synonym)-Skyler H. (student)“Boys”BoysCrazy and confusingChasing, cheering, hurtingExciting, annoying, frustrating, intriguingDrama-Sierra F. (student)
56Rhyme & Personification Glossary: Rhyme means using words whose endings sound alike. End rhyme happens at the end of the lines. Rhyme is organized in patterns called rhyme schemes. The lines that rhyme are labeled with the same letter (aaba bbcb ccdc dddd). They cannot be the same word at the end of the line to make the rhyme.Example: I knew a simple soldier boy (a)Who grinned at life in empty joy (a)Slept soundly through the lonesome dark, (b)And whistled early with the lark. (b)Glossary: Personification is a form of figurative language in which an idea, object, or animal is given the characteristics of a person.Example: Brown trees frowned all down the lane.Branches moaned in the wind.Rocks stubbornly bite the plowshares,Leaving ragged teeth marks.
57Rhyme & Personification Stopping By Woods On A Snowy EveningWhose woods these are I think I know. (a)His house is in the village though; (a)He will not see me stopping here (b) To watch his woods fill up with snow. (a)My little horse must think it queer (b) To stop without a farmhouse near (b) Between the woods and frozen lake (c) The darkest evening of the year. (b)He gives his harness bells a shake (c) To ask if there is some mistake. (c) The only other sound's the sweep (d) Of easy wind and downy flake. (c)The woods are lovely, dark and deep. (d) But I have promises to keep, (d) And miles to go before I sleep, (d) And miles to go before I sleep. (d)-Robert Frost“April Rain Song”Let the rain kiss you.Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops.Let the rain sing you a lullaby.The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk.The rain makes running pools in the gutter.The rain plays a little sleep-song on our roof at night—And I love the rain.-Langston Hughes
58Poems #22 “Ode to”& #23 Sonnet (use personification in #22 & rhyme in #23)Poem #22—An Ode is a poem that is written for an occasion or on a particular subject. Your poem is an “Ode To.” You write an ode as though you are talking to the object. You use the word: you—referring to the object in second person. This poem should use personification.Poem #23—A sonnet is a fourteen-line poem written in a specific rhyming pattern. The original poem is written in iambic pentameter. (However, I will not require iambic pentameter, but I will require the correct rhyming pattern).Do not use the same word to “rhyme.” That is repetition, not rhyme.
59Ode to the Day of Excuses Poems #22 “Ode to” ExamplesOde to my HomeworkHow long are you going to pester me?Always in the back of my mind, on my list of to do’s that always prevent me from having any fun.Wouldn’t it be nice for you to just go away, and ICould just forget about you all together?But for now you’ll stay in my mind and on my list, my worst pesterMy homework.-Justin J. (student)Ode to My BedroomStupid messy room! I just cleaned you today.How in the world did you get this way?!I put away my clothesI even made my bedAll of this doesn’t make sense in my headI am fed up you with as djkmelf!From now on, you can clean yourself!-Stephanie H. (student)Ode to the Day of ExcusesExcuses, it’s your day.You come in different forms:“I was not here.”“I did not know.”“My printer broke.”“My computer froze.”“I left it home.” or“I forgot.”“Will you take it late?”Don’t even ask,You know I will not.Excuses, you are fun to hear,On this, the day of Excuses.-Mrs. Baker—dedicated to all my students that have excuses for why the assignment is not doneOde to ChocolateYou chunk of sweetness.How do you do it?You make me smile on the worst of days.You come in almost every form,I’m amazed.And you are very good at sharing.Chocolate,My friend.-Lisha M. (student)
60Poems #22 “Ode to” Examples Ode to My HairYour cooperation would be nice,If you would only choose to treat me kindly.But instead you dance and prance.Turning and twisting into curls unwanted.When I ask you to be straight,You tell me, “No! I want to wave!”Then when I want you curly,You want to lay down flat!So hair, do it your way today!-Jessica P.Ode to My TummyYou’re the most talkative part of my body.You complain constantly if I don’t feed you.You grumble and mumble until you get your way.You are never completely satisfied.Thanksgiving is your favorite day.Besides digesting you enjoy jiggling and jiving.When you watch TV you are jealous of the Pillsbury Dough Boy.Everyone thinks he’s cute but they think you need to be thin.Maybe if you just tan then they’ll be more accepting of you.Thank you for always talking to me and keeping me company.I accept you.-student 2010
61Poem#23 Sonnet Examples Every time I see you through these eyes (a) Sonnet ZEvery time I see you through these eyes (a)My heart suddenly skips a beat (b)And within my mind, I realize (a)That without you, I am incomplete (b)It’s the way you make me feel (c)That pushes me on day to day (d)From all this pain I need to heal (c)Please come and take me away I pray (d)Deep runs the beauty of your soul (e)Everything about you puts me in a daze (f)You are a part of me, together I’m whole (e)Your smile alone sets me ablaze (f)With anyone else this would be untrue (g)For every today and tomorrow I will always need you. (g)-Zacharia C. (student)
62Poem#23 Sonnet FormatLine 1 (a) Line 2 (b) Line 3 (a) Line 4 (b) <skip a line> Line 5 (c) Line 6 (d) Line 7 (c) Line 8 (d) Line 9 (e) Line 10 (f) Line 11 (e) Line 12 (f) Line 13 (g) Line 14 (g)Remember, you cannot use the same word at the end of the lines to make it “rhyme.” Use rhyming sounds, not repetition.
63SynecdocheGlossary: Synecdoche is a figure of speech which mentions a part of something to suggest the whole, or a whole to represent a part.Part to Represent WholeIt is common in our language for part of something to be used to represent the whole.For example:• The word “bread” can be used to represent food in general or money (e.g. he is the breadwinner; music is my bread and butter).• The word “sails” is often used to refer to a whole ship.• The phrase "hired hands" can be used to refer to workmen.• The word "head" refers to cattle.• The word "wheels" refers to a vehicle.Sentence Examples & Explanations:"All hands on deck.“Meaning: all sailors to report for duty. Hands = help.“My mother wears the pants in the family.”Meaning: the person’s mother is the decision maker in the family.“Friends, Romans, countrymen: Lend me your ears.” –Shakespeare’s Julius CaesarMeaning: listen to the person speaking."Twenty sails came into the harbor." Meaning: twenty ships came into the harbor
64SynecdocheSynecdoche is a figure of speech which mentions a part of something to suggest the whole, or a whole to represent a part.Specific Part Representing A WholeSometimes a specific thing is used to denote an entire class or group of things.• It is fairly common in the United States to refer to any carbonated beverage as “Coke.”• Facial tissue is often referred to as "Kleenex."Whole to Represent a PartUsing the whole to refer to a part is also a common practice in speech today.For example:• At the Olympics, you will hear that the United States won a gold medal in an event. That actually means a team from the United States, not the country as a whole.• If “the world” is not treating you well, that would not be the entire world but just a part of it that you've encountered.• The word "society" is often used to refer to high society or the social elite.• The word "police" can be used to represent only one or a few police officers.• The "pentagon" can refer to a few decision-making generals.• "Capitol Hill" refers to both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives.
65MetonymyGlossary: Metonymy is a figure of speech which substitutes one word or phrase for another that is closely related.Examples of Metonymy:Crown - in place of a royal personThe White House - in place of the President or others who work thereThe suits - in place of business peopleDish - for an entire plate of foodCup - for a mugThe Pentagon - to refer to the staffThe restaurant - to refer to the staffEars - for giving attention ("Lend me your ears!" from Mark Antony in Julius Caesar)Eyes - for sightThe library - for the staff or the booksPen - for the written wordSword - for military mightSilver fox - for an attractive older manHired Hands - for hired helpThe name of a country - used in place of the government, economy, etc.The name of a church - used in place of its individual membersThe name of a sports team - used in place of its individual members
66Metonymy The word me stands for the car that the speaker was driving. Metonymy is a figure of speech which substitutes one word or phrase for another that is closely related.Examples & Explanations:“A Mercedes rear-ended me.”The word me stands for the car that the speaker was driving.“Nixon bombed Hanoi.”Nixon stands for the armed forces that Nixon controlled.“The Oval Office today reported…"The Oval Office is intended to represent the President of the United States.“The criminal received his sentence from The Bench.”The judge issued the sentence to the criminal.Other Examples:Asking someone to put their “John Hancock” on a document refers to anyone putting their signature there.We must wait to hear from the crown until we make any further decisions.The White House will be announcing the decision around noon today.She's planning to serve the dish early in the evening.The cup is quite tasty.The Pentagon will be revealing the decision later on in the morning.The restaurant has been acting quite rude lately.The library has been very helpful to the students this morning.That individual is quite the silver fox.Can you please give me a hand carrying this box up the stairs?The United States will be delivering the new product to us very soon.The Yankees have been throwing the ball really well, and they have been hitting better than they have been in the past few seasons.
67Synecdoche & MetonymySynecdoche is a figure of speech which mentions a part of something to suggest the whole, or a whole to represent a part.Metonymy is a figure of speech which substitutes one word or phrasePurpose of a MetonymyAs with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of using a metonymy is to add flavor to the writing. Instead of just repeatedly saying, "the staff at the restaurant" or naming all of the elements of a dinner each time you want to refer to the meal, one word breaks up some of that awkwardness.Using a metonymy serves a double purpose - it breaks up any awkwardness of repeating the same phrase over and over and it changes the wording to make the sentence more interesting.for another that is closely related.Synecdoche FormsPart to Represent Whole Specific Part Representing a WholeWhole to Represent a Part Material Representing an ObjectClass as Representing the Whole Container Representing its ContentsSynecdoche vs MetonymyIt is easy to confuse synecdoche and metonymy because they both use a word or phrase to represent something else. They could also both be considered metaphors because the word or words used are not taken literally.However:A synecdoche uses part for the whole or the whole for a part.A metonymy is a substitution where a word or phrase is used in place of another word or phrase. A good example is the phrase: “The pen is mightier than the sword.” The word “pen” substitutes for written work, and the word “sword” substitutes for violence or warfare.
68(Use Synecdoche or metonymy in one) Poems #24 “If I Were in Charge of the World” Poem #25 Childhood Memory Poem(Use Synecdoche or metonymy in one)Poem #24—“If I Were in Charge of the World” Poem. You have a handout for this poem. You will be filling in the blanks with what applies to you—”if you were in charge.” You then need to type it into your portfolio following the correct format. (due today)Poem #25—For this poem, you are going to write about a childhood memory. You will follow the rhyming pattern ofaabb ccdd eeff (where the end of the lines rhyme only with that of the same letter—do not use the same word to “rhyme”). (due today)
69Poems #24 “If I Were in Charge of the World” Examples If I were in charge of the world I'd cancel rules, school,drugs, andalso boringness. If I were in charge of the world there'd be brighter nights lights,more theme parks,and hotter guys. If I were in charge of the world you wouldn't have poorness. you wouldn't have the starvation. you wouldn't have chores. or "don’t punch your brother." you wouldn't even have brothers. If I were in charge of the world a chocolate sundae with whipped cream and nuts would be called a vegetable. all broken hearts would be fixed. And someone who forgets to brush, and sometimes forgets to flush can still be allowed to be in charge of the world -by UnknownIf I Were in Charge of the World If I were in charge of the world I'd cancel bad grades, Ugly clothes and Monday Mornings, If I were in charge of the world There would be NO reports, More fashion clothes, and More candy. If I were in charge of the world You wouldn't have cigarettes, You wouldn't have social studies, You wouldn't have homework, Or “No Talking.” You wouldn't even have tests. If I were in charge of the world, A piece of chocolate would be a vegetable, All Pirates of the Caribbean Movies would be rated G. And a person who forgot to leap, And sometimes forgets to eat Would still be allowed to be In charge of the world. -Katelyn Steidle
70Poem #25 Childhood Memory Poem Examples Night Frights One night, while I was sleeping, (a) I thought I heard something creeping (a) into my room and under my bed. (b) I was so afraid and filled with dread. (b) I slowly leaned to peek over the ledge (c) though I felt I would fall off the edge. (c) And what I saw would give you a fright. (d) You see, there are monsters in my room at night. (d) I pulled the covers up over myself (e) and tried so hard not to yell for help. (e) From then on, I never ever dangled my feet (f) those monsters, you know, eat human meat. (f) -KBaker May 19, 2004
71Poem #25 Childhood Memory Poem Examples Apples It’s summertime, the trees are blooming. (a) The apples on them soon will start zooming. (a) Falling to the ground, they will lay and rot. (b) They cover the grass like a bright green spot. (b) Dad hands me a bag, I know what to do. (c) It’s my job to pick them up before they turn to goo. (c) I hate this job worst of all. (d) I’d rather clean floorboards in the upstairs hall. (d) Soon the worms will find them, making it their home. (e) These worms turn them brown to look the color of chrome. (e) These chrome colored apples make for a tedious job. (f) If you’re not careful, your finger will smash through the blob. (f) -McCall W. (student)
72Final Portfolio Due: May 23rd (A-day)/May 24th (B-day) Poetry UnitWe have completed instruction for your poetry unit. Now, go make it your own.Remember your poems need to be in a portfolio in order #1-#25. You also need to have your table of contents as the first page in your portfolio. Each poem should be numbered, 8-10 lines, have the poetic device underlined, and have a title.Do well—extra credit is available.Extra Credit is also available for portfolios handed in EARLY on Tuesday, May 21st (for A & B day).Final Portfolio Due: May 23rd (A-day)/May 24th (B-day)