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The Personal Project Format What your Personal Project essay must have …

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1 The Personal Project Format What your Personal Project essay must have …

2 Why Format Matters An organized, easy-to-read manuscript is easier to grade. If it is easier to grade, then your score should be higher!! Attention to detail shows your graders that you care about your product and your project, communicating engagement – thus raising your score!

3 What you turn in: REPORT: Title page Table of Contents Report Investigation Plan Action Reflection Bibliography/Works cited Annotations Appendices, if appropriate PROCESS JOURNAL PRODUCT (if not in appendices or paper)

4 Title Page (MLA) You are required to have a title page Use this format

5 Contents Page (MLA) Your Contents Page comes after the Title Page and lists all the pages : - Title page -Report (naming sections) max. 3500 words - Works Cited - Appendices, if any Table of Contents Title page 1 Table of Contents 2 Report Investigation3 Planning6 Taking Action8 Reflection 10 Bibliography/Works cited 12 Appendices 14

6 Works Cited (MLA) List only those sources you quote from or summarize or refer to in the essay. Another example from a web site: MLA Works CitedMLA Works Cited

7 Works Cited and Bibliography Combination of the two Non-cited sources incorporated and alphabetized with cited ones Non-cited sources have annotation of their usefulness to you in the project

8 How do you create each citation in your Works Cited? Here are some examples, but don’t forget to turn to the helpful sites given on the first slide for more details.

9 Citing a Book Author. Book Title. Place: Publisher, year. The medium (print). Example: Carré, John le. The Tailor of Panama. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996. Print.

10 Citing a Pamphlet (Just like a book!) Author. Title. Place: Publisher, year. The medium (print). Example: Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Dept. of Jury Commissioner. A Few Facts about Jury Duty. Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 2004. Print

11 Citing an Interview Person’s name. Type of interview. Date(s). Examples: Akufo, Dautey. Personal interview. 11 Aug. 2005. Baldacci, David. E-mail interview. 9-12 Sept. 2009. (“An interview: record, for example, the name, address and function of the person”)

12 Citing a Journal Article Author. “Title of Article.” Journal Title. volume #.issue # (year): pages. Medium (print). Example: Aldrich, Frederick A. “Wyman Reed Green, American Biologist.” Bios 23.1 (1952): 26-35. Print.

13 Citing an Online Source [Everything you cite for a book or magazine plus…] Database name. Medium (web). Date of access. Example: Berger, James D. and Helmut J. Schmidt. “Regulation of Macronuclear DNA Content in Paramecium Tetraurelia.” The Journal of Cell Biology 76.1 (1978): 116-126. JSTOR. Web. 20 Nov. 2008.

14 Citing part of a Web Site Author. “Title of the section.” Title of the site. Sponsor of the site, Date of publication or last update. Medium. Date of access. Example: “Media Giants." Frontline: The Merchants of Cool. PBS Online, 2001. Web. 7 Feb. 2005.

15 Parenthetical (in text) citations (MLA) In the text of your essay, when you refer to sources listed on your Works Cited page, follow these same guidelines : Diana Hacker guide OWL at Purdue

16 Purdue University Writing Lab When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations? When quoting any words that are not your own –Quoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks ( “ quoted words ” ) When summarizing facts and ideas from a source –Summarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own words When paraphrasing a source –Paraphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words

17 Purdue University Writing Lab Keys to Parenthetical Citations Readability Keep references brief Give only information needed to identify the source on your Works Cited page Do not repeat unnecessary information

18 Parenthetical Citations: how to handle quotes Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).

19 Long quotations (more than 4 lines) David becomes identified and defined by James Steerforth, a young man with whom David is acquainted from his days at Salem House. Before meeting Steerforth, David accepts Steerforth’s name as an authoritative power: There was an old door in this playground, on which the boys had a custom of carving their names.... In my dread of the end of the vacation and their coming back, I could not read a boy’s name, without inquiring in what tone and with what emphasis he would read, “Take care of him. He bites.” There was one boy—a certain J. Steerforth—who cut his name very deep and very often, who I conceived, would read it in a rather strong voice, and afterwards pull my hair. (Dickens 68) For Steerforth, naming becomes an act of possession, as well as exploitation. Steerforth names David for his fresh look and innocence, but also uses the name Daisy to exploit David's romantic tendencies (Dyson 122).

20 Parenthetical Citations More than one author with the same last name (W. Wordsworth 23) or (D. Wordsworth 224) More than one work by the same author (Joyce, Portrait 121)or (Joyce, Ulysses 556) Different volumes of a multivolume work (1: 336) Citing indirect sources (Johnson qtd. in Boswell 2:450) Two authors say the same thing (Shelton 11; Bell 98)

21 Parenthetical Citations If the source has no author, then use an abbreviated version of the title: Full Title: “California Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers” Citation: (“California” A14) If the source is only one page in length or has no pagination: Source: Dave Poland’s “Hot Button” web column Citation: (Poland) [no page numbers]

22 Parenthetical (in text) citations (MLA) Some quick examples Author mentioned in sentence …as Shelton stated (102). Name not given in sentence …it is strongly argued (Shelton 102)… Two authors say the same thing …generally agreed (Shelton 11; Bell 98) No author’s name is in the citation …this evidence is abundant (“Traffic” 4).

23 How Parenthetical Citations should look in a paragraph All the drinks in your home contain water, and water seems such an everyday substance but actually “water is one of the most unusual chemicals known to scientists” (Tocci 11). Even the variety of ways it flows is challenging to explain (Gardner 76); and, at the end of the cooling process, the particles expand instead of contracting, as demonstrated in Tocci’s experiment (Tocci 13). The experiment I have designed will focus on the rate of flow of water particles.

24 Illustrations in your text Any illustration inserted in your text should be labeled “Figure” (abbreviated to “Fig.”), and numbered. Use the same margins as your text. Example: Fig. 1. Menticore, woodcut from Edward Topsell, The History of Four-Footed Beasts; rpt. In Konrad Gesner, Curious Woodcuts of Fanciful and Real Beasts (New York: Dover, 1971) 8.

25 Although conforming to these formats may seem tedious, it gives your essay polish and makes it easier to assess. AND it will get a better grade! Well done!

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