Presentation on theme: "Power and Violence in Marriages and Families"— Presentation transcript:
1Power and Violence in Marriages and Families Chapter 14Power and Violence in Marriages and Families
2Chapter Outline What is Power? The Dynamics of Marital Power Some American CouplesPower Politics Versus No-Power RelationshipsFamily Violence
3Power Power is the ability to exercise one’s will. Power exercised over oneself is personal power.Social power is the ability of people to exercise their wills over the wills of others.Parental power is power between parents and children.Marital power is power between married partners.
4Marital Power Involves: Decision makingDivision of laborPartners’ sense of empowermentObjective measures of powerSubjective measures of fairness
5Six Bases of PowerCoercive power - based on dominant partner’s ability to punish partner with psychological, emotional or physical abuse.Reward power - based on ability to give material or nonmaterial gifts and favors.
6Six Bases of PowerExpert power - stems from dominant partners superior judgment, knowledge or ability.Informational power - based on the persuasive content of what the dominant partner tells another individual.
7Six Bases of PowerReferent power - based on less dominant partner’s emotional identification with the dominant partner.Legitimate power - based on individual’s ability to claim authority.
8How Resources and Legitimate Power Affect Conjugal Power
9The Resource Hypothesis Spouse with more resources has more power in the marriage.Focuses on background characteristics and doesn’t consider how partners interact.Explains marital power only when there is no overriding egalitarian or patriarchal norm.
12Love, Need and PowerEach partner brings resources to the marriage and receives rewards from the other partner.One partner may be gaining more from the marriage.This partner is more likely to comply with the other’s preferences.
13Equalization of Marital Power Women attain equal status in the public world and develop resources that are equal to men.Society can value women’s resources of caring and emotional expression more highly.Norms of equality become so strong that men and women have equal power.
14Three-Phase Cycle of Domestic Violence Tension from a minor altercation builds over time.The situation escalates, eventually exploding into a violent episode.Husband becomes genuinely contrite, treating his life lovingly.
15% of Persons Physically Assaulted by an Intimate Partner in Lifetime Type of AssaultWomen (n=8,000)Men (n=8,000)Total physical assault by intimate partner22.17.4Threw something8.14.4Pushed, grabbed, shoved18.15.4Pulled hair9.12.3Slapped, hit16.05.5Kicked, bit2.6
16% of Persons Physically Assaulted by an Intimate Partner in Lifetime Type of AssaultWomen (n=8,000)Men (n=8,000)Choked, tried to drown6.10.5Hit with object5.03.2Beat up8.50.6Threatened with gun3.50.4Threatened with knife2.81.6Used gun0.70.1Used knife0.90.8
17Why Do Men Do It?Attempt to compensate for feelings of powerlessness or inadequacy.Attempt to maintain control over partners trying to become independent of the relationship.
18Why Do Women Live With It? FearCultural norms -women are encouraged to put up with abuse.LoveEconomic dependence
19Why Do Women Live With It? Hopes for changeBelief that it’s a woman’s responsibility to keep a relationship from failingChildhood experiences with domestic violenceLow self-esteem
20Conceptual Model of Abused Women’s Stay/leave Decision-making Process
21Husband and Male Partner Abuse Common couple violence appears to be perpetuated by women as well as men.Women are overwhelmingly victimized more often and more severely than men.
22Risk Factors For Child Abuse A belief in physical punishment.Parents may have unrealistic expectations about what the child is capable of.Parents who abuse were often abused or neglected as children.Parental stress and feelings of helplessness.
241. Which type of power refers to the ability of people to exercise their wills over the wills of others?personalmaritalsocialobjective
25Answer: cSocial power refers to the ability of people to exercise their wills over the wills of others.
262. Which of the following is NOT one of the bases, or sources, of power discussed in the text? informationalreferentlegitimatesexual
27Answer: dSexual is NOT one of the bases, or sources, of power discussed in the text.
283. Which theory involves the point of view that each partner brings resources to the marriage and receives rewards from the other partner?resourcethe principle of least interestrelative love and needconjugal power
29Answer: cThe relative love and need theory involves the point of view that each partner brings resources to the marriage and receives rewards from the other partner.
304. ______ involves a parent’s often being overly harsh and critical, failing to provide guidance, or being uninterested in a child’s needs.Sexual abuseChild abuseEmotional child abuse or neglectIncest
31Answer: cEmotional child abuse or neglect involves a parent’s often being overly harsh and critical, failing to provide guidance, or being uninterested in a child’s needs.