Presentation on theme: "Expressing contrast Although, though, in spite of, despite Autor: Mgr. Jana Bálková Datum: 22. 9. 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Expressing contrast Although, though, in spite of, despite Autor: Mgr. Jana Bálková Datum:
We went for a trip at the weekend. It rained a lot but we enjoyed ourselves. => Although it rained a lot, we enjoyed ourselves. we use subject and verb after although Other examples: I didn’t get the job, although I had all necessary qualifications. We went out, although it was raining. Although he worked hard, he didn’t pass the exam.
In spoken English we often use THOUGH instead of although, it is informal: He didn’t come, though we’d invited him. Compare: We went out, although it was raining. We didn’t go out because it was raining. EVEN THOUGH is stronger form of although Even though I was really tired, I couldn’t sleep.
We went for a trip at the weekend. It rained a lot but we enjoyed ourselves. In spite of the rain, we enjoyed ourselves. Despite we use noun, pronoun or –ing form after in spite of or despite Other examples: I didn’t get the job despite having all necessary qualifications. She didn’t feel well. In spite of this, she went to work. In spite of the traffic, I arrived on time.
Despite = in spite of We went out in spite of/ despite OF the rain. You can also say IN SPITE OF THE FACT / DESPITE THE FACT… I didn’t call him in spite of the fact (that) he gave me his number. Despite the fact that he didn’t feel well, he went to work.
More examples: I’m no better in spite of (taking) the pills. I’m no better despite (taking) the pills. I’m no better in spite of the fact that I’ve taken the pills. I’m no better although I’ve taken the pills. Laura wants to fly in spite of her fear. Laura wants to fly despite feeling afraid. Laura wants to fly despite the fact that she feels afraid. Laura wants to fly although she feels afraid.
Join the sentences. Use ALTHOUGH, EVEN THOUGH, IN SPITE OF, DESPITE a)I liked the sweatshirt. I decided not to buy it. b)She wanted to go there. It was dangerous. c)The café was crowded. Finally I found a table. d)Mark was feeling unwell. He went on working. e)You don’t like Jessica. You should try to be nice to her. f)I dropped the dish. Fortunately it didn’t break. g)My sister got a job. She didn’t expect that. h)Dan forgot his passport. He had it on his list. i)Trevor didn’t notice the sign. It was right in front of him.