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What is Engineering? Chapter 4. Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology “Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Engineering? Chapter 4. Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology “Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Engineering? Chapter 4

2 Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology “Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.”

3 Reasons for Student Interest in Engineering Proficiency in math and science High school counselor suggestion Relative who is an engineer Heard it’s a field with tremendous job opportunity High starting salaries Always took things apart as a child Likes building things

4 The Engineer and Scientist Scientist Discovering things or acquiring knowledge Answers they seek may be abstract or practical Asks “Why?” Engineer Thinking about the application when asking why Concerned with issues about a product ▫Cost ▫Demand ▫Impact on society and the environment

5 Same Industries, Different Roles Scientist Study planets to understand them Atomic structure to understand nature of matter Study tectonic plates to understand and predict earthquakes Engineer Design spacecraft to operate on planet Smaller and faster microprocessors Study the movement of tectonic plates to design safer buildings

6 Engineering Technology “Engineering Technology is that part of the technological field which requires the application of scientific and engineering knowledge and methods combined with technical skills in support of engineering activities; it lies in the occupational spectrum between craftsman and engineering at the end of the spectrum closest to the engineer.” -ABET

7 Engineer and Technologist Engineer Apply technology for a better society Create new technology through research, design, and development Technologist Apply technology for a better society Work with existing technology to produce goods for society

8 Technologist vs. Engineer Technologist Identifies computer proper networking equipment for business use Seeks out equipment needed to construct music player Engineer Designs new computer boards to transmit data faster Designs new music player

9 What Do Engineers Do? The following slides contain the basic job functions of all engineering disciplines

10 Research Engineers Interested in the application of sciences for a breakthrough Conduct experiments and interpret the data Computational techniques used to answer complex problems without experiments Work for some research center

11 Development Engineers Apply knowledge of Research Engineers to a specific application Shows that something will work under actual conditions Identify areas of research that need modifications before full- scale production could begin engineering/testing.aspx

12 Testing Engineers Responsible for designing and implementing tests to verify integrity, reliability and quality of products Devises ways to simulate conditions a product will be used in Challenges are simulating life spans and acquiring accurate and reliable data Have wide range of technical and problem-solving skills, work well in teams and with management personnel

13 Design Engineers Provides detailed specifications of the products society uses May only be charge of a single part in an assembly Verifies product’s integrity Communication with manufacturing engineers is critical Also work with existing products ▫Redesign to reduce costs and time to produce

14 Analysis Engineers Performed in conjunction with design, development and research Typically specialists in a technology area important to products or services To produce required info, validation must occur with computer and mathematical models

15 Systems Engineers Work with the overall design, development, manufacture, and operation of a complete system or product Ensure components work as a complete unit together Responsible for meeting overall design requirements

16 Manufacturing/Construction Engineers Turn specifications from design into reality Responsibility is to develop processes to take raw materials and change them into the finished pieces Keep track of equipment, maintenance records, and inventories of materials Identify high-cost and -risk areas of manufacturing/construction Manufacturing-Indoor, Construction-outdoor

17 Operations and Maintenance Engineers Coordinate the technician service schedule to ensure efficient service of machines Expertise with mechanical and electrical issues to maintain production lines and schedule Work in non-manufacturing roles

18 Technical Support Engineers Serves as link between customer and product, assisting with setup Must have good interpersonal and problem-solving skills Solid technical training May troubleshoot problems with a product service/techsupport.htm

19 Customer Support Link between customer and manufacturer Involved in business aspect of customer relationships Concerned with actual and perceived value by the customer Work closely with Technical Support and Management Personnel

20 Sales Have interpersonal skills conducive to effective selling Trained to identify which products, services, and solutions are right for the customer and how they can be applied Some sales forces use engineers to answer technical questions

21 Consulting Engineers Self-employed or work for a firm that does not provide goods and services directly to consumers Provide technical expertise to firms Handle technical issues as arise and then move on to another company Might evaluate effectiveness of an organization and methods for improvement

22 Management Engineers work themselves into project management positions More than one half of all engineers will be involved with some management responsibilities before career is over Acquire business or management training photos/hist/cirt90s.html

23 Other Fields Law, education, medicine, and business Patent law needs engineering degree to be effective due to technical issues Corporate liability law is popular due to ability to weigh technical and legal risks Engineers may also teach from elementary all the way to technical schools and universities


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