Presentation on theme: "Disaster risk reduction in the United Kingdom Simon Strickland Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, London, UK."— Presentation transcript:
Disaster risk reduction in the United Kingdom Simon Strickland Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, London, UK
Hyogo Framework for Action: priorities 1. Making disaster risk reduction a priority 2. Improving risk information and early warning 3. Building a culture of safety and resilience 4. Reducing the risks in key sectors 5. Strengthening preparedness for response
Ensuring a consistent generic national policy framework Also: Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999; Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996; Radiation Regulations Prevention – except in an imminent emergency - is covered by other legislation e.g. on fire safety, industrial safety, building regulations, flood defence, maritime safety, and health protection.
Legislation: Civil Contingencies Act Sets responsibilities and expectations for local responders:- Category 1: police, fire, ambulance, local authorities, major hospitals, coastguard:- Risk assessment Emergency planning Warning and informing the public Business continuity planning Co-operation Information-sharing Category 2: water, energy, telecommunications companies, HSE:- Co-operation and information-sharing 2. Specifies emergency powers
Multi-agency and multi-sectoral cooperation: Local and Regional Resilience Fora (LRF and RRF) 43 LRF fora in England and Wales; 4 in London; meet 6 monthly. Police, fire and rescue authorities, ambulance services, Environment Agency, port health authorities, LAs …. Utility companies, health authorities attend as needed. Aim to: ocompile local Risk Registers; oco-ordinate approach to legal duties; and osupport contingency planning across agencies, exercise co-ordination, and other training events. 9 RRFs for nine Regions (Government Offices); plus Wales. Police, fire, other emergency services recommended to participate. Utility companies, transport, health authorities attend as needed Aim to improve coordination: –across the region; –between the centre and the region; –between the region and the local response capability; and –between regions. LRFs RRFs
UK integrated disaster management framework Civil Contingencies Secretariat Inter-ministerial committees Line ministries / Government Departments Regional Resilience Fora Business Advisory Group for Civil Protection Voluntary Sector Civil Protection Working Party and Forum Local Resilience Fora Community-led civil society initiatives Scientific and wider research-based expertise International coordination
2. Improving risk information and early warning a.National risk assessments b.Systems for data monitoring and dissemination c.Early warning systems d.Community reach Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 2 indicators
Use of the risk assessment - at all levels SECONDARY CAPABILITY DRIVERS PRIMARY CAPABILITY DRIVERS Significant (4) Impact Moderate (3) Minor (2) Insignificant (1), Very rare (1)Rare (2)Unlikely (3)Possible (4) Likelihood Catastrophic (5) Probable(5) Key Very high High Medium Low MONITOR PLAN WITHIN EXISTING RESOURCES
Improving ability to predict floods by bringing together meteorological and hydrological services The Meteorological Offices leading high-resolution weather forecasting & modelling experts are now co-located with the Environment Agencys expertise in flood mapping and modelling, warnings and response, and local knowledge. This collaboration now forms the UKs Flood Forecasting Centre.
The duty to communicate with the public The legislation places a duty on all Category 1 responders to:- 1.make the public aware of the risks of emergencies and how these responders are prepared to deal with them; and 2.warn the public that an emergency has occurred, or is about to occur.
Alerting Variety of alerting systems are already in place in the UK. No single system is sufficient for all scenarios. Integrated warning and informing packages are needed to reach the highest percentage of the population at risk. CCS is exploring scope for a national alerting capability.
3. Building a culture of safety and resilience a.National public awareness strategy b.Educational curricula Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 3 indicators
Putting into the public domain information about emergency preparedness and response issues Publication of the National Risk Register Publication of Community Risk Registers Establishing web-site pages Issuing leaflets to raise awareness Working with schools
4. Reducing the risks in key sectors a.Environmental protection, management and climate change b.Addressing needs of vulnerable groups c.Land-use planning and regulation d.Critical infrastructure protection e.Assessing major infrastructure project proposals Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 4 indicators
Protecting critical national infrastructure Working together to provide suitable protection Owner/operators of infrastructure (mainly Private Sector) Security advisers e.g. CPNI & Police CTSA (Physical, Electronic & Personnel) Government Departments lead for their sector (Home Office co-ordinate) Tripartite approach to protective security Reduce vulnerability through proportionate measures: Physical measures e.g. police, barriers Electronic measures Personnel screening
Vulnerability of critical infrastructure: Summer 2007 floods Impacts on critical infrastructure: 350,000 people without clean water for up to 17 days 42,000 people without power in Gloucester for 24 hours 10,000 people trapped on M5 Motorway overnight Many others stranded on the rail network Hospitals, schools and care homes affected
5. Strengthening preparedness for response a.Independent assessment of preparedness capacities and mechanisms b.Planning at all levels with regular exercise-based training c.Ensuring effective disaster preparedness and response at all levels d.Resources to support effective response and recovery e.Procedures for review and for learning lessons Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 5 indicators
Single & multi-agency civil protection training Fire Service College –Urban search & rescue –Hazardous chemical/substance incidents –CBRN decontamination –Senior incident command Police National CBRN Centre –CBRN practical & tactical skills –CBRN incident command training National Police College –Senior incident command EPC NPC CBRNC FSC
National-level exercise activities, Amber Glass – Fuel Shortage Green Star – CBRN Recovery 2009 Saxon Shore – CBRN Response White Noise – Mass Telecoms Failure 2010 Avogadro – Gas Shortage Castle Rock – CBRN 2011 Watermark - Flooding
IDENTIFY ASSESS Evidence NRA RRA CRR NPA RPA An integrated approach across levels and sectors NCS PM National Regional Local CT HS – Horizon scanning RI – Risk identification NRA – National Risk Assessment RRA – Regional Risk Assessment CRR – Community Risk Register NPA – National Planning Assumptions RPA – Regional Planning Assumptions CR – Capability Requirements CT – Capability Targets PM – Performance Management NCS – National Capability Survey LL – Lessons Learned ACT REVIEW CR NCS CT HS RI LL
The HFA National Platform: roles and responsibilities 1.Develop national coordination mechanisms 2.Conduct baseline assessments on the status of disaster risk reduction 3.Publish and up-date summaries of national programmes 4.Review national progress towards achieving the objectives and priorities of HFA 5.Implement relevant international legal instruments 6.Integrate disaster risk reduction with climate change strategies
UK integrated disaster management framework Civil Contingencies Secretariat Inter-ministerial committees Line ministries / Government Departments Regional Resilience Fora Business Advisory Group for Civil Protection Voluntary Sector Civil Protection Working Party and Forum Local Resilience Fora Community-led civil society initiatives Scientific and wider research-based expertise HMG: the UK National Platform International coordination
Membership of regional organisations or entities in Europe Key: membership of regional organisations or entities Number