Presentation on theme: "Culture of the 1960s 1960-1967 Paul Goodman: Growing Up Absurd Paul Goodman (1911- 1972) was an American sociologist, poet, writer, anarchist, and public."— Presentation transcript:
Culture of the 1960s
Paul Goodman: Growing Up Absurd Paul Goodman ( ) was an American sociologist, poet, writer, anarchist, and public intellectual. Goodman is now mainly remembered as the author of Growing Up Absurd (1960) and an activist on the pacifist Left in the 1960s and an inspiration to that era's student movement.
Paul Goodman (1911–1972) Growing Up Absurd was adopted in education and sociology courses throughout the country. The book was read as a condemnation of the alienation and oppression in American society and schools, and was a forerunner to educational criticism. For sixties activists, as well as liberal educators, the book provided an analysis of the wrongs of American society and education.
John Howard Griffin Black Like Me  John Howard Griffin ( ) was an American journalist and author much of whose writing was about racial equality. A white man, he is best known for darkening his skin and journeying through Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia to experience segregation in the Deep South in 1959.
John Updike: Rabbit, Run  John Hoyer Updike (March 18, 1932 – January 27, 2009) was an American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic.
Allan Watts: Beat Zen, Square Zen, & Zen Alan Wilson Watts (January 6, 1915 – November 16, 1973) was a British philosopher, writer, speaker, who held both a master's degree in theology and a doctorate of divinity. Famous for his research on comparative religion, he was best known as an interpreter and popularizer of Eastern philosophy for a Western audience.
Heinlein: Stranger in a Strange Land Stranger in a Strange Land is a best-selling 1961 Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein. It tells the story of Valentine Michael Smith, a human raised by Martians on the planet Mars, upon his return to Earth in early adulthood.
Heinlein: Stranger in a Strange Land Stranger became an emblem of the 1960s generation in its iconoclasm and free-love themes. Organized religion is a sham Authority is generally stupid Young women are all the same The common individual is alternately an independent genius and the dull-witted part of an ignorant and will-less mob
Rachael Carson: Silent Spring Silent Spring (1962), which brought environmental concerns to an unprecedented portion of the American public. Silent Spring spurred a reversal in national pesticide policy—leading to a nationwide ban on DDT and other pesticides—and the grassroots environmental movement the book inspired led to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Ken Kesey: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Kenneth Elton "Ken" Kesey (September 17, 1935 – November 10, 2001) was an American author, best known for his novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1962) A counter-cultural figure he considered himself a link between the Beat Generation of the 1950s and the hippies of the 1960s.
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Foucault argued that invisible forms of discipline oppressed individuals on a broad societal scale, encouraging them to censor aspects of themselves and their actions. The novel critiques the emasculation of men in society, particularly in the character of Billy Bibbit, the stuttering acute who is domineered by both Nurse Ratched and his mother.
Aldous Huxley Island is the final book by English writer Aldous Huxley, published in It is the account of Will Farnaby, a cynical journalist who is ship-wrecked on the fictional island of Pala. Island is Huxley's utopian counterpart to his most famous work, the 1932 novel Brave New World, itself often paired with George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Theme comparison IslandBrave New World Drug use for enlightenment and self- knowledge Drug use for pacification and self- medication Group living (in the form of Mutual Adoption Clubs) so that children would not have unalloyed exposure to their parents' neuroses Group living for the elimination of individuality. Trance states for super learningTrance states for indoctrination Assisted reproduction (low-tech birth control) Assisted reproduction (high-tech test- tube babies) Freely-available contraception to enable reproductive choice, expressive sex Mandatory contraception, socially- mandated recreational and promiscuous sex Dangerous climb to a temple, as spiritual preparation Violent Passion Surrogate Parrots trained to utter uplifting slogans Ubiquitous disembodied mechanical voices
1963 Monterey Folk Festival Joan Baez and Bob Dylan sing at Monterey Folk Dylan Sings/IDylan Sings/I "Blowin' in the Wind" is a song written by Bob Dylan and released on his 1963 album The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. Although it has been described as a protest song, it poses a series of questions about peace, war, and freedom.
“If I Had a Hammer” Peter, Paul and Mary release it in Peter, Paul and Mary/E The song "If I Had a Hammer" was a Civil Rights anthem of the American Civil Rights movement.
Betty Friedan: The Feminine Mystique A leading figure in the "Second Wave" of the U.S. Women's Movement. Her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is sometimes credited with sparking the "second wave" of feminism.
Modern Feminism First-wave feminism focused mainly on overturning legal (de jure) obstacles to equality (i.e. voting rights, property rights) Second-wave feminism addressed a wide range of issues: 1.Unofficial inequalities 2.Sexuality 3.Family 4.The workplace 5.Reproductive rights
James Baldwin: The Fire Next Time Baldwin dissects the nature of Black-White relations in the early sixties. He rejects the pandering of White liberals as condescending and insincere He rejects the separatist rhetoric of Black radicals as simplistic, unrealistic, and reactionary.
Herbert Marcuse One Dimensional Man  He argued that "advanced industrial society" created false needs, which integrated individuals into the existing system of production and consumption via mass media, advertising, industrial management, and contemporary modes of thought. This results in a "one-dimensional" universe of thought and behavior in which aptitude and ability for critical thought and oppositional behavior wither away.
Marshall McLuhan Understanding Media  Herbert Marshall McLuhan, (July 21, 1911 – December 31, 1980) was a Canadian educator, philosopher, and scholar — a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician, and a communication theorist. McLuhan's work is viewed as one of the cornerstones of the study of media theory.
McLuhan McLuhan is known for the expressions "the medium is the message" and "global village."
Feb 9, 1964: Beatles on Ed Sullivan Something new in American Culture!
Feb 25, 1964 Muhammed Ali beats Sonny Liston Muhammed Ali and Malcolm X
Unsafe At Any Speed  Ralph Nader A book detailing resistance by car manufacturers to the introduction of safety features, like seat belts, and their general reluctance to spend money on improving safety. It was a pioneering work of consumer advocacy, openly polemical but containing substantial references and material from industry insiders. It made Nader a household name and the style is often imitated.
Fahrehheit 451 [1966: Directed by Truffaut] 451 degrees Fahrenheit is the temperature at which paper bursts into flame. This adaptation of the classic novel by Ray Bradbury describes a future in which independent thought is discouraged and "firemen" burn books. The population is distracted and sedated by a combination of wall to wall interactive television and mind altering drugs. But one fireman begins to read the books he is supposed to burn...
Norman O. Brown: Love's Body  Norman O. Brown ( ) was a thinker quite famous in the 1960s, but who seems to be little spoken of today. What made him popular in his time? — his optimistically apocalyptic view of a liberating, Dionysian revolution in Western culture —
Masters & Johnson Human Sexual Response  The Masters and Johnson research team, composed of William Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, pioneered research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990s.
1966: National Organization for Women (N.O.W.) founded The National Organization for Women (NOW) is the largest feminist organization in the United States. It was founded in 1966 and has a membership of 500,000 contributing members and 5987 chapters in 47 U.S. states (exceptions are Hawaii, North Dakota, and Maine) and the District of Columbia.
Intelligent Life in the Universe - I.S. Shklovskii & Carl Sagan This is a detailed treatment of the scientific work done in the fields of cosmology and "exobiology" (i.e. extraterrestrial life).
1967 Music Grateful Dead Big Brother & the Holding Co (w Janis Joplin) Doors Pink Floyd Simon & Garfunkel Country Joe and the Fish I’M Fixin’ To Die Rag/o
Velvet Underground The band's lyrics challenged conventional societal standards of the time, and broke ground for other musicians to do the same. The band favored experimentation, and also introduced a nihilistic outlook through some of their music. Their outsider attitude and experimentation has since been cited as pivotal to the rise of punk rock and, later, alternative rock. Take a Walk On the Wild Side/d Take a Walk On the Wild Side/d
R. D. Laing: Politics of Experience A sensitive person, pushed by an unhealthy environment, escapes into another reality so as not to deal with the disconnectedness and horror of the consensual reality. As a consequence, he/she is promptly classified as being "mad" by the orthodox psychiatry and its practitioners, ever so scared of losing the monopoly on sanity.
R. D. LAING ( ) A Cult Psychiatrist of 1960s Laing was troubled by his own personal problems, suffering from both episodic alcoholism and clinical depression. Family Psychiatrist: Laing fathered six sons and four daughters by four women. His son Adrian, speaking in 2008 said, "It was ironic that my father became well-known as a family psychiatrist, when, in the meantime, he had nothing to do with his own family.