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U. S. Economic Systems Key Terms

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1 U. S. Economic Systems Key Terms
Mrs. Wilson Career & Financial Management Rocky Point High School

2 U.S. Economy The United States has the second-largest (after Europe) and most technologically powerful economy in the world

3 Economics Defined The social science that examines how societies use scarce resources to produce and distribute goods and services that satisfy people’s wants and needs. Study of choices about using resources. Called the “Science of Choice.” Specialist is “economist.”

4 Goods, Services & Needs Goods are any form of tangible personal property. These are bought, sold, traded and produced, Services: The performance of any duties or work for another; helpful or professional activity. A need is a specific quantity of a specific good for which an individual would pay any price.

5 Economic Systems The way the society uses resources to satisfy its people’s needs and wants.

6 Scarcity Insufficient supply or amount of something needed, a shortage or goods or services that are needed.

7 Types of Economic Systems
Traditional Command Market Free enterprise Capitalism

8 Traditional A traditional economic system is one in which people's economic roles are the same as those of their parents and grandparents. Societies that produce goods and services in traditional ways are found today in some parts of South America, Asia, and Africa. There, people living in an agricultural village still plant and harvest their own food on their own land. Tradition decides what these people do for a living and how their work is performed.

9 Command The main decision maker is the government.
No person may independently decide to open and run any kind of business. The government decides what goods and services are to be produced. And the government sells these goods and services. The government also decides how the talents and skills of its workers are to be used.

10 Market A market economic system is one in which a nation's economic decisions are the result of individual decisions by buyers and sellers in the marketplace. The U.S. has a market economic system. When you finish school, you may go to work where you choose, if a job is open. You are also free to go into business on your own. Suppose that you decide to open a business.

11 Did you know? Idea that consumer choices determine products/services produced is called: CONSUMER SOVEREIGNTY Sovereignty means to be in charge of something. Idea proposed more than 200 years ago by British economist Adam Smith

12 Supply and Demand Supply Demand
Quantity of goods and services that producers are willing and able to provide Demand The willingness and ability of consumers to purchase goods and services at certain prices

13 Equilibrium Price Price at which the quantity supplied equals the quantity demanded of the product At this price, there is just enough of the product available for all consumers who want to buy it

14 Summary You can now define: Economics Goods & Services Needs Scarcity
Types of Economic Systems Consumer Sovereignty Supply/Demand

15 Questions…. Let’s read the “Up Front” on page 296 and talk about it!
Make a list of the goods/services you have purchased in the last two weeks. Did you get maximum satisfaction from them for the $$ spent? Do you buy American products first? Why or why not? Do you agree that consumers have the right to purchase the best value, regardless of who makes the product? Why or why not?

16 Assignment/Homework Read pages 796 through 802 in your textbook.
All Internet permission forms should be handed in. All book forms should be handed in.

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