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Sola Scriptura? Is the Sacred Scripture the only authority on matters of faith?

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Presentation on theme: "Sola Scriptura? Is the Sacred Scripture the only authority on matters of faith?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sola Scriptura? Is the Sacred Scripture the only authority on matters of faith?

2 Reformation Too brief intro: Martin Luther, affected by the lack of holiness among many of the hierarchy and his own scrupulosity [A tendency to be overly-critical, of himself (Would go to Confession sometimes every day and even then doubt he was forgiven) and others], began to question the Church’s authority, especially things he felt were human additions/corruptions of Scriptural Teaching Examples: -Purgatory -Indulgences -Papal Authority -Some aspects of Reconciliation

3 By what authority? Problem: When Luther rejects the absolute authority of the Church, the natural question is “What is authoritative, and by what authority can we say what is authoritative?”Problem: When Luther rejects the absolute authority of the Church, the natural question is “What is authoritative, and by what authority can we say what is authoritative?” Luther’s answer: Scripture, the inspired Word of God, is the only sure authority on matters of faith.Luther’s answer: Scripture, the inspired Word of God, is the only sure authority on matters of faith.

4 Scriptural Support? If the Bible is the only authority, it must state it’s the only authority. Otherwise it is a human addition itself (read: heresy). So, does it?If the Bible is the only authority, it must state it’s the only authority. Otherwise it is a human addition itself (read: heresy). So, does it? Deut. 4:2 - In your observance of the commandments of the LORD, your God, which I am commanding you, you shall not add to what I command you nor subtract from it.Deut. 4:2 - In your observance of the commandments of the LORD, your God, which I am commanding you, you shall not add to what I command you nor subtract from it. Rev. 22: I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city described in this book.Rev. 22: I warn everyone who hears the prophetic words in this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words in this prophetic book, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city described in this book.

5 Scriptural Support? II Mk 7:13 - You nullify the word of God in favor of your tradition that you have handed on. And you do many such things.Mk 7:13 - You nullify the word of God in favor of your tradition that you have handed on. And you do many such things. 2 Tim 3: All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that one who belongs to God may be competent, equipped for every good work.2 Tim 3: All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in righteousness, so that one who belongs to God may be competent, equipped for every good work.

6 Scripture and Tradition When Christ established his Church, he founded it on individual people, guided by the Holy Spirit, not only on a book.When Christ established his Church, he founded it on individual people, guided by the Holy Spirit, not only on a book.

7 You are peter Mt. 16:16-19:Mt. 16:16-19: He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter said in reply, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”Simon Peter said in reply, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood * has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood * has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

8 Biblical History Jesus did not write the Bible, and it didn’t fall from the sky. Who had the authority to write it?Jesus did not write the Bible, and it didn’t fall from the sky. Who had the authority to write it? The books that make up the New Testament are written between the time of Jesus’ death and ~90-100, with John’s Revelation being the last.The books that make up the New Testament are written between the time of Jesus’ death and ~90-100, with John’s Revelation being the last.

9 Biblical History II However, other books were also written around this time, some legit (e.g. the Didache), some not (e.g. the Gospel of Thomas, actually written ca. AD 200).However, other books were also written around this time, some legit (e.g. the Didache), some not (e.g. the Gospel of Thomas, actually written ca. AD 200). Next question: Who decided which books got in?Next question: Who decided which books got in? Answer: the Early Church, and it took them years.Answer: the Early Church, and it took them years. Interesting conclusion: The Bible is a product of Tradition (The same Holy Spirit that inspired the writings inspires the Church throughout history).Interesting conclusion: The Bible is a product of Tradition (The same Holy Spirit that inspired the writings inspires the Church throughout history).

10 Tradition! (Tradition) 2 Thess. 2:15 - Therefore, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours.2 Thess. 2:15 - Therefore, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours. 1 Cor. 11:2 - I praise you because you remember me in everything and hold fast to the traditions, just as I handed them on to you.1 Cor. 11:2 - I praise you because you remember me in everything and hold fast to the traditions, just as I handed them on to you.

11 Can it be passed on? 2 Tim 2:1-2 - So you, my child, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. And what you heard from me through many witnesses entrust to faithful people who will have the ability to teach others as well.2 Tim 2:1-2 - So you, my child, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. And what you heard from me through many witnesses entrust to faithful people who will have the ability to teach others as well. Also…in case you forgot where the authority is coming from:Also…in case you forgot where the authority is coming from: 1 Tim 3: I am writing you about these matters, although I hope to visit you soon. But if I should be delayed, you should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth.1 Tim 3: I am writing you about these matters, although I hope to visit you soon. But if I should be delayed, you should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth.

12 Jesus agrees Mt. 23: Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees have taken their seat on the chair of Moses. Therefore, do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you, but do not follow their example. For they preach but they do not practice.Mt. 23: Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, saying, “The scribes and the Pharisees have taken their seat on the chair of Moses. Therefore, do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you, but do not follow their example. For they preach but they do not practice. The seat of Moses isn’t in the OT. It’s a tradition.


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