Presentation on theme: "नमस्ते ! Standards of ISO Technical Committee 211 Geographic information/Geomatics Presented by Julie Maitra To GSDI-7 Tutorial Bangalore, India January."— Presentation transcript:
1नमस्ते !Standards of ISO Technical Committee 211 Geographic information/GeomaticsPresented byJulie MaitraTo GSDI-7 TutorialBangalore, IndiaJanuary 30, 20041
2Topics Scope of work Goals Membership External liaisons Program of work – over 40 standardsViews of program of workRole of ISO standards in Spatial Data InfrastructuresStatus of standards in ISO standards approval processPublished standardsDraft International StandardsEmerging StandardsStandards of particular interestRoles of standards organizationsFor more informationGet involved!
3Scope of ISO/TC 211workStandardization in the field of digital geographic information.This work aims to establish a structured set of standards known as the ISO series of geographic information standards.This work shall link to appropriate standards for information technology and data where possible, and provide a framework for the development of sector-specific applications using geographic data.
4The goal of ISO/TC 211... …a family of international standards that support understanding and usage of geographic informationincrease the availability, access, integration, and sharing of geographic informationenable interoperability of geospatially enabled computer systemscontribute to a unified approach to addressing global issuesease the establishment of SDIs on local, regional, and global levels
5Membership Active members (P-members), 29 countries AustraliaAustriaBelgiumCanadaChinaCzech Rep.DenmarkFinlandGermanyHungaryItalyJapanRepublic of KoreaMalaysiaMoroccoNew ZealandNorwayPortugalRussian FederationSaudi ArabiaSouth AfricaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandThailandTurkeyUnited KingdomUnited States of AmericaYugoslavia3
6Membership Observing members 27 (20 O-members, 4 corresponding members) ArgentinaBahrain (corr.)Brunei Darussalam (corr.)ColombiaCubaEstonia (corr.)FranceGreeceHong Kong (corr.)IcelandIndiaIranIrelandJamaicaKenyaMauritiusNetherlandsOmanPakistanPhilippinesPolandSlovakiaSloveniaTanzaniaUkraineUruguayZimbabwe3
7External liaisons CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites DGIWG, Digital Geographic Information Working GroupEPSG, European Petroleum Survey GroupFIG, International Federation of SurveyorsGSDI, Global Spatial Data InfrastructureIAG, International Association of GeodesyICA, International Cartographic AssociationICAO, International Civil Aviation OrganizationIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing SocietyIHB, International Hydrographic BureauISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global MappingISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote SensingJRC, Joint Research Centre, European CommissionOGC, Open GIS Consortium, IncorporatedPCGIAP, The Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the PacificUN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical DivisionUNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information Working GroupWMO, World Meteorological OrganizationPC IDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial Data Infrastructure for the AmericasSCAR, Scientific Committee on Antarctic ResearchUNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical NamesCEN/TC 287, Geographic informationThose organizations highlighted in bold are those for which I know India has more than token participation – there might be others4
8Programme of WorkISO Schema for coverage geometry and functionsISO/RS Imagery and gridded data componentsISO Simple feature access – Part 1-3ISO Profile - FACC Data DictionaryISO Geodetic codes and parametersISO Web Map Server InterfaceISO Imagery, gridded and coverage data frameworkISO Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded dataISO Data product specificationISO Location based services possible standardsISO Location based services tracking and navigationISO Multimodal location based services for routing and navigationISO Procedures for registration of geographic information itemsISO – Geography Markup Language (GML)ISO Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and of similar important other schemasISO – Data quality measuresISO Metadata - Implementation specificationISO Technical amendment to the ISO 191** Geographic information series of standards for harmonization and enhancementsISO 6709:1983, Standard representation of latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic point locationsISO Reference modelISO – OverviewISO/TS Conceptual schema languageISO TerminologyISO Conformance and testingISO ProfilesISO Spatial schemaISO Temporal schemaISO Rules for application schemaISO Feature cataloguing methodologyISO Spatial referencing by coordinatesISO Spatial referencing by geographic identifiersISO Quality principlesISO Quality evaluation proceduresISO – MetadataISO Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for imagery and gridded dataISO Positioning servicesISO – PortrayalISO EncodingISO ServicesISO/TR Functional standards + Amendment 1ISO/TR Imagery and gridded dataISO/TR Qualifications and certification of personnel
9Role of ISO standards in Spatial Data Infrastructures Access, technologyContent (data)OrganizationEducationISO Conceptual schema language ISO Spatial schema ISO Temporal schema ISO Rules for application schema ISO Feature cataloguing methodology ISO Spatial referencing by coordinates ISO Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers ISO Quality principles ISO Quality evaluation procedures ISO – Metadata ISO/TR Imagery and gridded data ISO Schema for coverage geometry and functions ISO Imagery and gridded data components ISO Profile - FACC Data Dictionary ISO Geodetic codes and parameters ISO Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework ISO Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded data ISO Data product specification ISO Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and of similar important other schemasISO/TR Qualifications and certification of personnelDocumentation
10Role of ISO standards in Spatial Data Infrastructures Access and servicesISO Positioning services ISO – Portrayal ISO – Encoding ISO – Services ISO Simple feature access – Common architecture ISO – SFA – SQL optionISO Web Map Server Interface ISO Location based services possible standardsISO Location based services tracking and navigationISO Multimodal location based services for routing and navigation ISO – Geography Markup Language (GML)StandardsAccess, technologyContent (data)OrganizationEducationOrganizationISO – Reference model ISO – Terminology ISO – Conformance and testing ISO – Profiles ISO/TR – Functional standards ISO – Procedures for registration of geographic information items
11Published International Standards ISO 6709:1983 Standard representation of latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic point locationsISO 19101:2002 Geographic information — Reference modelISO 19105:2000 Geographic information — Conformance and testingISO 19107:2003 Geographic information — Spatial schemaISO 19108:2002 Geographic information — Temporal schemaISO 19111:2003 Geographic information — Spatial referencing by coordinatesISO 19112:2003 Geographic information — Spatial referencing by geographic identifiersISO 19113:2002 Geographic information — Quality principlesISO 19114:2003 Geographic information — Quality evaluation proceduresISO 19115:2003 Geographic information — MetadataISO/TR 19120:2001 Geographic information — Functional standardsISO/TR 19121:2000 Geographic information — Imagery and gridded dataThis slide and the following standards identify mature standards that should form the basis for national standards
12Draft International Standards ISO/DIS Geographic information — TerminologyISO/DIS Geographic information — ProfilesISO/DIS Geographic information — Rules for application schemaISO/DIS Geographic information — Feature cataloguing methodologyISO/DIS Geographic information — Positioning servicesISO/DIS Geographic information — PortrayalISO/DIS Geographic information — EncodingISO/DIS Geographic information — ServicesISO/DIS Geographic information — Simple feature access — Part 1: Common architectureISO/DIS Geographic information — Simple feature access — Part 2: SQL option
13Emerging Standards ISO/TS 19103 - Conceptual schema language ISO Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for imagery and gridded dataISO/TR Qualifications and certification of personnelISO Schema for coverage geometry and functionsISO/RS Imagery and gridded data componentsISO Profile - FACC Data DictionaryISO Geodetic codes and parametersISO Web Map Server InterfaceISO Imagery, gridded and coverage data frameworkISO Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded dataISO Data product specificationISO Location based services possible standardsISO Location based services tracking and navigationISO Multimodal location based services for routing and navigationISO Procedures for registration of geographic information itemsISO – Geography Markup Language (GML)ISO Generally used profiles of the spatial schema and of similar important other schemasISO – Data quality measuresISO Metadata - Implementation specificationISO Technical amendment to the ISO 191** Geographic information series of standards for harmonization and enhancementsThere is still the opportunity to contribute to development of ISO standards. I have highlighted in bold those projects that focus on imagery and remote sensing.
14Standards of InterestISO/DIS Geographic information — Rules for application schemaISO Geographic information — Schema for coverage geometry and functionsISO 19115:2003 Geographic information — Metadata
15Presents General Feature Model for defining geographic features Standards of Interest: ISO/DIS Geographic information — Rules for application schemaPresents General Feature Model for defining geographic featuresProvides rules for defining an application schema in Unified Modeling Language (UML)Provides rules for integrating schemas from other ISO/TC 211 standards into an application schema for a complete data structurePending registration as Final Draft International Standard (FDIS); targeted for publication as an International Standard (IS) in May 2004.ISO 19115: 2003, Geographic information — Metadata (including data quality reporting)ISO 19108:2002, Geographic information — Temporal schemaISO 19107:2003, Geographic information — Spatial schema.ISO defines both geometric and topological objects. In the definition of an application schema, ISO uses structures and definitions from ISO 19111:2003, Geographic information – Spatial Referencing by Coordinates, for geodetic and other coordinate reference systems.ISO/DIS 19110, Geographic information — Feature Cataloguing MethodologyISO 19112:2003, Geographic information — Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers
16Standards of Interest: ISO/DIS 19109 Geographic information — Rules for application schema 3 property types: operation, attribute, association rolesOther concepts: feature associations, inheritance relationships, and constraints6 attribute types; 5 defined by other standards in the ISO series of geographic information standardsExtract of General Feature Model
17Standards of Interest: ISO 19123 Geographic information — Schema for coverage geometry and functions Defines coverage as a “feature that acts as a function to return values from its range for any direct position within its spatiotemporal domain.”Data sets that can be represented as coverages include digital orthoimages, gridded elevation data sets, and thematic classification maps such as soils maps.Representation of geographic phenomena as discrete features or coverages is not mutually exclusive. A discrete feature or a coverage could represent the same phenomenon.Pending registration as a Draft International Standard (DIS); targeted for publication as IS in May 2005.Put another way, A coverage is a feature that associates positions within a bounded space (its spatiotemporal domain) to feature attribute values (its range).
18Standards of Interest: ISO 19115:2003 Geographic information — Metadata The main package in ISO is Metadata entity set information. It is an aggregate of other packages:Identification information – information to uniquely identify a resource or resourcesConstraint information – restrictions on access and use of a resource or metadataData quality information – scope, lineage (information about events or source data used to construct the data), and data quality element information.Maintenance information - scope and frequency of updating data.Spatial representation information - information concerning the mechanisms (grid or vector) used to represent spatial information in a dataset.Reference system information - description of spatial and temporal reference system(s)Completeness, Logical Consistency, Positional Accuracy, Thematic Accuracy and Temporal Accuracy, as identified by ISO 19113, Geographic information – Data quality principles
19Standards of Interest: ISO 19115:2003 Geographic information — Metadata (continued) Content information – information about the feature catalogue used and/or information describing the content of a coverage datasetPortrayal catalogue information - information identifying the portrayal catalogue used.Distribution information - information about the distributor of and options for obtaining a resource.Metadata extension information - information about user specified metadata extensions.Application schema information - information about the application schema used to build a dataset.Extent information – metadata elements that describe the spatial and temporal extent of the referring entity.Citation and responsible party information - data types for citing a resource (dataset, feature, source, publication, etc.) and information about the party responsible for a resource.
20Standards of Interest: ISO 19115:2003 Geographic information — Metadata (continued)
21Roles of Consensus Organizations ISO provides a framework for the development of sector-specific applicationsIndustry Consortia provide technical implementation specificationsOpenGIS Consortium has adopted standards developed by ISO/TC 211 as abstract specifications and has submitted its specs as New Work Item Proposals (NWIP)Regional and national groups adopt international standards and standardize data and services using international standardsTopic 1 - Feature Geometry (Topic 1) same as ISO 19107, Spatial Schema (defines geometric and topological objects)Topic 12 - The OpenGIS Service Architecture (Topic 12) same as ISO 19119, ServicesISO replaces Topics 9 and 11, Metadata
24For More Information http://www.isotc211.org Find current information on ISO/TC 211 at:SecretariatOrganizationCalendarAbout...ResolutionsDocument listScope and work programmeMail to secretariatNews and informationPresentations (slides)16
25Get Involved!!Contact your ISO member body for access to protected ISO/TC 211 documentsComment on ISO/TC 211 documentsContact ISO Chair Mr. Olaf Østensen or ISO/TC 211 Executive Secretary Ms. Bjørnhild Sæterøy about getting involved in ISO/TC 211Implement mature ISO standards as part of SDI strategy in developing national standardsUpgrade membership in ISO/TC 211 to “P” status for voting privileges and full participation in development of emerging standardsSee you at the ISO/TC 211 plenary in Kuala Lumpur in May 2004!
26(Ms.) Julie Binder Maitra Thank you !धन्यवाद्(Ms.) Julie Binder Maitraजूली मैत्रFederal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)590 National Center12201 Sunrise Valley DriveReston, Virginia 20192USAPhone:Fax:
27ISO member bodyBureau of Indian Standards Manak Bhavan 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar MargNew Delhi TelFaxWebStandardization is to industry what culture is to society - C. RAJAGOPALCHARI