Presentation on theme: "1 Prevention of Avoidable Sight Loss Challenges and Opportunities in Scotland - Today and Beyond Gozie Joe Adigwe Preventions Officer RNIB Scotland."— Presentation transcript:
1 Prevention of Avoidable Sight Loss Challenges and Opportunities in Scotland - Today and Beyond Gozie Joe Adigwe Preventions Officer RNIB Scotland
2 What is the case for prevention? 50% of sight loss - avoidable, up to 150,000 Aging population - across UK, more so in Scotland Increasing ethnic diversity Stubborn persistence of health inequalities - deprivation and accessing services are key Cost - personal, social, economic
3 Key Statistics - Population Over the last 100 years the proportion of Scotland's population aged under 15 has fallen from 32% to 16% while the proportion aged 65 and over has increased from 5% to 17%. www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/en/censusresults/bulletin.html. Between 2010 and 2035 those aged 75 and over are projected to increase by 82%. The estimated 820 centenarians in Scotland in 2010 is projected to increase to 7,600 by 2035. The proportion of Scotland‘s population which is of pensionable age is projected to increase by 2.9 percentage points between 2010 and 2035, compared with a 1.7 percentage point rise for the UK. National Records of Scotland. Written submission.
4 Key Statistics - Ethnicity Black minority ethnic groups, Census Data, Scotland Numbers by Health Board Glasgow - 88,464 Orkney - 156 Lanark - 11,500 Lothian - 46, 899 Western Isles - 245 20012.1%101,700 20114%211,000
5 Key Statistics - Deprivation 41% of Glasgow datazones - bottom 15% of most deprived areas in Scotland On income-based measures, Pakistanis/Bangladeshis and Black African households in Scotland have higher rates of poverty than other ethnic groups '..Although the policy encouraged more people to have eye tests, or have more regular eye tests, there are notable differences across socio-economic groups... As a result inequality in eye care utilisation has actually risen...' Utilisation of eye-care services: The effect of Scotland’s free eye examination policy, D Hickey
7 Diabetes There are now more people living with diabetes in Scotland than coronary heart disease - circ 248,000. There is an increased prevalence of non-insulin-dependent Type 2 diabetes in people of South Asian origin - 16.5% compared with 4.7% in the White population. 19.3 per cent of people initially diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes already had signs of retinopathy. Prevention? Promote understanding risk factors and links between diabetes and sight loss. Targeted, long term approach with a focus on ethnicity, deprivation and undiagnosed disease. Truly collaborative approach to enhance the reach of eye health messages. Service commissioners study local demographics to target prevention effectively.
8 Opportunities Increase eye health as a public health priority - Primary prevention Targeted health campaigns - innovate and collaborate Holistic approach to 'at risk' groups including referrals to income maximisation services, housing, vision and emotional support - Secondary prevention Finding different ways to get data and analyse it - Electronic referral between optometry and ophthalmology Consider further development of community optometry role -