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Criminal Justice Stream 1. Four Pillars of a Criminal Justice System  Rehabilitation  Safety  Deterrence  Retribution.

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Presentation on theme: "Criminal Justice Stream 1. Four Pillars of a Criminal Justice System  Rehabilitation  Safety  Deterrence  Retribution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Criminal Justice Stream 1

2 Four Pillars of a Criminal Justice System  Rehabilitation  Safety  Deterrence  Retribution

3 Rehabilitation

4 How does the justice system help rehabilitation?  The parole system incentivises good behaviour  To get parole initially  When you are out of prison on parole  We can provide rehabilitation services to criminals like education  Conciliation between victims and perpetrators

5 How does the criminal justice system hurt rehabilitation?  Resentment of society and the state  Creation of criminal networks  Difficulty of getting a job outside of prison  Australia has a 50% recidivism rate

6 Safety

7 How is the criminal justice system good for safety?  Victims are protected (e.g. from an ongoing abuser)  Because criminals are kept locked away, they can’t reoffend and inflict harm on other people

8 Deterrence

9 Why do prisons deter people  Rational choice theory  Discursive changes in the way we think about crime

10 Why might the deterrent effect fail??  Criminals are often really irrational  Lack education  Crimes of passion  Economic desperation/drug addiction etc.  People are optimistic that they won’t get caught  Sometimes it is basically impossible to enforce crimes (rape, drugs)

11 Retributive Justice

12 Why does the criminal justice system give retributive justice?  Victims can recover if the perpetrator is in jail  Society’s desire for justice is met  People get what they deserve

13 Putting it all together

14 What can we do with these concepts?  Think about how the model makes the things we have discussed better/worse

15 Then analyse stakeholders with them  Will crime go up or down as a result of this model?  How will prisoners be affected by it?  Will it be more moral/just?

16 Helpful Rule of Thumb  Your stakeholders should generally be the way you structure/label your arguments  What does this do to levels of crime?  How does this help the recovery of victims?  How does this impact perpetrators?  The content of your arguments can then use the four pillars

17 Remember!  There is no universal template  Which of the four pillars you deploy depends on the debate, you have to think through which issues the model is really affecting


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