Presentation on theme: "Laboratory Safety Rules and Guidelines for Working in Chemistry Labs at OCCC."— Presentation transcript:
Laboratory Safety Rules and Guidelines for Working in Chemistry Labs at OCCC
General Rules Never enter the lab or conduct experiments unless your instructor or a lab assistant is present. Always learn the location of exits and safety equipment when working in the lab. Horseplay, pranks, or other acts of mischief or disrespect are not allowed. No unauthorized experiments or changes to experiments are allowed. When in doubt, ask before doing.
General Rules Only your lab notebook, calculator, and pen or pencil are allowed at the lab bench. –Other personal belongings, including cell phones, must be stored in the designated area. No smoking, eating, chewing gum, or drinking is allowed in the lab or in the physics and chemistry areas of the Science Center. Do not apply lip balm or make-up or handle contact lenses in the lab.
General Rules Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before leaving the lab.
Personal Protective Equipment A laboratory apron and goggles must be worn at all times in the laboratory. You must wear appropriate personal attire in the chemistry laboratory: a shirt with sleeves that covers the shoulders and entire torso either pants or a skirt that covers the entire leg. –Students without appropriate personal attire will not be allowed to participate in lab.
Personal Protective Equipment Shoes that cover the entire foot (top of foot, toes and heel included) must be worn in the lab. –Sandals are not allowed. –Students without appropriate footwear will not be allowed to participate in lab. Hair that is longer than shoulder length must be tied up Long, loose sleeves must be secured.
Handling Chemicals Handle all chemicals as if they were hazardous. You may be exposed to potentially hazardous materials in the process of completing your required laboratory activities. –Consult your personal physician for advice if you have specific concerns.
Handling Chemicals Read labels and follow precautions carefully. –Read the label when you take a chemical off the bench and then read it again before you use it Never taste chemicals. Always use a pipet filler to pipet chemicals (including water). Never smell chemicals unless directed by your laboratory instructor. Use the technique know as wafting
Handling Chemicals Always add concentrated acids or bases to water. –Never add water to concentrated acids or bases.
Chemical Spills and Broken Glass Report all spills to your instructor. Clean up all spills immediately by following directions provided by your instructor. Never pick up broken glass with your hands. –Use broom and dustpan Dispose of broken glass and disposable glass supplies in the broken glass container. Only glass goes into the container!
Fires Keep flammables away from bunsen burners and hot plates. Never leave a lit bunsen burner unattended. Report all fires to your instructor immediately. Try to extinguish the fire yourself only if you are capable.
Fires Small paper fires: extinguish with water or fire extinguisher Chemical fires: smother with sand or fire extinguisher Electrical fires: fire extinguisher Personnel fires: stop drop and roll; wrap fire blanket around victim; safety shower
Injuries Report all injuries to instructor Treat all body fluids as if they were infectious –Assume they are contaminated with bloodborne pathogens such as the AIDS virus or Hepatitis B Do not expose yourself to danger when aiding a fellow student –Protect yourself with gloves before handling body fluids Seek medical advice for injuries
Injuries Minor Cuts: –Wash with soap and water. –Dry and bandage appropriately. Serious Cuts –Stop blood flow by applying pressure to the wound. –Seek immediate medical attention. Burns: –Cool under running water. –Seek medical attention if necessary.
Injuries Chemicals in eyes: –Wash eyes at the eyewash for 15 minutes. –Seek medical advice. Chemical spills on the body: –Rinse exposed body part under water. –Wash thoroughly with soap and water. –Large spills may require the use of the safety shower located in each lab.
Clean Up and Waste Disposal Clean up after yourself. –If you spill chemicals at the balance, in the hood, or on your bench, notify your instructor who will advise you on the correct clean-up procedure. Do not leave chemicals, spatulas, or used weighing paper in the balance room or hood. –Return chemicals to cart. –Throw away weighing paper. –Wash spatula.
Clean Up and Waste Disposal Put away all equipment and glassware. Wash your lab bench with water and then dry with paper towels at the end of lab. Always follow the instructions given in your lab manual or by your instructor for waste disposal. –Ask your instructor if you are unsure of the proper disposal method.
Clean Up and Waste Disposal Discard broken glass and disposable glass supplies in the broken glassware box. Liquid waste disposal: –Inorganic waste container (white) in hood –Organic waste container (red) in hood Solid chemicals: –Red solid waste can