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1 DRC A Model Arising from Market Integration Stephen Whitney Fruit & Vegetable Dispute Resolution Corporation (DRC) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary,

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Presentation on theme: "1 DRC A Model Arising from Market Integration Stephen Whitney Fruit & Vegetable Dispute Resolution Corporation (DRC) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 DRC A Model Arising from Market Integration Stephen Whitney Fruit & Vegetable Dispute Resolution Corporation (DRC) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

2 2 Who and what is the DRC?  An industry lead/government supported private, non-profit organization of produce and transportation companies operating in the North American marketplace dedicated to providing fair, efficient, affordable and enforceable commercial dispute resolution services  Established pursuant to Article 707 of NAFTA 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

3 3 Who and what is the DRC?  A partnership with:  Government agencies in Canada, the USA and Mexico  Industry associations at the federal and provincial or state level in the NAFTA region  Industry members from all three countries 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

4 4 Who and what is the DRC? Mission: To provide the North-American produce industry with the tri-national policies, standards and services necessary for resolving commercial disputes in a timely and cost effective manner 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Vision: The DRC facilitates commerce amongst its members by promoting fair, and ethical trade practices.

5 5 Who and what is the DRC?  Parties that join the DRC adhere to a common set of trading practices and mediation and arbitration procedures (default rules & contract).  Arbitration decisions are enforceable in the courts of the three countries.  The primary incentive for participation is the commercial benefit to suppliers, customers and transportation service providers that results from greater assurance of reputable business behavior. 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

6 6Why?  Increasing Integration of the North American Market  Contract law issues in Canada – Slow Pay/No Pay disputes  Inability to cover intra-provincial trade in Canada  No system in Mexico  Litigation option too costly and lengthy  Level playing field between NAFTA countries 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

7 7Framework Private, Non-Profit Corporation  Private, Non-Profit Corporation  Voluntary Membership  Trading Standards  Mandatory Dispute Resolution Procedures between Members  Binding & Court Enforceable Decisions in all 3 Countries 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

8 8 Recognized by the three NAFTA countries  Recognized by the three NAFTA countries  Builds on and improves the present system – complements does not duplicate  Encourages and enforces fair trade practices  Equal access for all members  Unbiased decision making  Timely, effective, affordable, and enforceable solutions 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Principles

9 9 Membership Membership Canada % USA % Mexico 39 3% Associates 20 2% TOTAL 1,153 TOTAL 1,153 Net Annual Growth Rate 3%-4% 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

10 10 Complaints Complaints 698 Complaints Opened 685 Closed 13 Pending 13 Pending 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

11 11 Closed Files 111 Arbitrations Average # Days – 196 Average Value -$12, Without Arbitration Average # Days – 47 Average Value - $4,218 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

12 12 Complaints - Type Complaints - Type  Condition/Grade %  Contract/Non-Payment %  Other – Questions/Opinions 96 – 12% 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006

13 13  Fast:Informal = 47 days Formal = 196 days  Effective:Informal = 84% Formal = 16% Arb. Awards = 85% paid  Fair:94 % Retention Rate  Enforceable: Court Decisions  Self-Funded 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Interim Verdict

14 14  The DRC’s Core Business is to provide its members with education & dispute resolution services  However, t  However, the DRC is becoming a catalyst for other initiatives that will improve the overall business climate for fresh produce within the NAFTA region 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Core Business

15 15 building on the USDA Model  Standardize Destination Inspection Services and Inspection procedures for North America - building on the USDA Model (Canada & USDA grade standards)  Standardize Grades & Good Arrival Guidelines for North America (Canada & USDA grade standards) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Integration Projects

16 16  Establish a USA PACA-Like Trust for North America to improve thefinancial security for sellers of fresh produce  Improve Financial Practices in the CanadianMarketplace by strengthening the policy and regulatory framework and its delivery 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 Integration Projects

17 17  Good example of what can be achieved through building & maintaining strong private & public sector partnerships & strong private sector partnerships (e.g. PACA, CFIA, USDA, AAFC, Blue Book, national & regional industry associations ) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 DRC Experience

18 18  Some challenges can only be offset because of these partnerships  Overcoming policy & regulatory impediments  Building capacity and depth in staffing and infrastructure  Seed money & start-up funds 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 DRC Experience

19 19  Some challenges can only be offset because of these partnerships  Building awareness and credibility  Minimizing the impact of non- insurable risks 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 DRC Experience

20 20  A good model for produce markets that are becoming increasingly integrated  A model that can be used for domestic, bilateral and/or tri-lateral initiatives in the produce sector  Flexible - can adjust rapidly to changing market requirements and need to add other commodities or sectors (e.g. seed potatoes, transportation, floral, etc.) 3 rd Annual NAAMIC Workshop – Calgary, Alberta – June 1, 2006 DRC Experience


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