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“Agriculture makes life bearable but Horticulture makes life worthwhile” “Pertanian menyangga kehidupan, namun Hortikultura membuat hidup ini lebih berharga.

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Presentation on theme: "“Agriculture makes life bearable but Horticulture makes life worthwhile” “Pertanian menyangga kehidupan, namun Hortikultura membuat hidup ini lebih berharga."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Agriculture makes life bearable but Horticulture makes life worthwhile” “Pertanian menyangga kehidupan, namun Hortikultura membuat hidup ini lebih berharga dan berdaya guna”

2 Say it with Flower

3 List Priority the Research Program NoPriorityOrnamental Plant 1.Main ComodityOrchid, Landscape ornamental plant Pot plant Rose 2.Potential Comodity Jasmine, Seruni, Gladiol, Sedap malam 3.Indroduction Comodity Dianthus, Gerbera

4 Sedap Malam (Polianthes tuberosa) Centre Product : -Brastagi -Sukabumi -Bandungan -Bangil Icon of Malang (?) or East Java Export to Japan and Europe

5 When the biggest of demand ??? -Christmas and New Year -Idul Fitri -Imlek -17 Agst Market : Jakarta, Bandung, Medan, Bogor, Solo, Semarang, Yogja, Malang, Denpasar, Ujung Pandang

6 Classification Kingdom : Plantae Division : Spermatophyta Sub-Div: Angiospermae Class : Monocotyledonae Ordo : Amaryllidales Family : Amaryllidaceae/ Liliaceae Genus : Polyanthes Species : Polyanthes tuberosa L

7 Discus : truly stem Bulb : Batang semu The root system : -Spread through away -Radius : cm - Akar serabut -Bulb : 1 clump consist of 1 or many mother bulb & groups of new bulb Mother Bulb  Big size bulbus (lap.umbi) not clearly the colour, white For vegetative propagation

8 Leaf  Long and thick, the color of the surface is light green surface, and inside is young green. Pada pangkal daun bintik kemerahan Siclus  Annual, more than 1 years Reproductive phase  stalk rise from bottom of the plant – with internode  every node with flower leaf  panjang pipih lebih kecil dari normal leaf Tiap tangkai  5 – 12 kuntum bunga, mekar tidak bersamaan, mahkota warna putih, ada yang kemerahan Bila dipotong 2-3 kuntum terbawah mekar  tahan 5 – 10 days  for cut flowers

9 Sedap malam  succulent/ herbaceous plant. Life cyclic : 1-2 week after planting  keluar bud & roots 3 -5 wap  leaf beginning growth / initiation of leaf 16 – 20 wap  optimal leaf growth 24 – 26 wap  keluar tangkai flower Bila dibiarkan bunga gugur  terbentuk umbi anakan, 36 wap  new plant 7 – 9 month  bakal bibit

10 Influence of temperature treatment of bulbs on vegetatif growth and flowering of tuberose Temp and duration of storage ° C 10 D ° C 20 D ° C 30 D ° C 10 D ° C 20 D ° C 30 D ° C 10 D ° C 20 D ° C 30 D LD 5 % Days required for sprouting of bulb 4. Days required for flowering 2. Plant height(cm)5. Number of flower spike /clump 3. Number of leaves / clump6. Length of flower spike (cm) 7. Flower yield (ton/ha)

11 Treatment mg/l GA GA Ethrel 0, Ethrel 0, Kinetin Kinetin Thiourea Thiourea Control LD 5 % Effect of chemicals on growth and flowering of tuberose 1. Days required for sprouting of bulb 4. Days required for flowering 2. Plant height(cm)5. Number of flower spike /clump 3. Number of leaves / clump6. Length of flower spike (cm) 7. Flower yield (ton/ha)

12 Prepare for stock plants 20 x 20 cm  1 bulb/plant hole Mother plant > 2 years  health and productive Bulb has appear shoot  storage time min. 1-1,5 month Fresh bulb : Vegetative growth + Little flower Keep it for few week  better

13 Propagation Vegetatif : Bulb, Division, Micropropagation Bulb  ± Ø 1.5 cm 9 – 12 bag / bulb Generatif : Seed  difficult Micropropagation : 3000 Lux, 25 0 C ± bag/bulb for shoot-root  MS + 3 % Sucrose 2.0 mg BAP mg/l kinetin mg/l NAA + MS + 1 % sukrose mg/liter IBA mg/l kinetin

14 Effect of bulb size on growth of tuberose (1) Bulb size (Ø cm) Days of sprouting of bulbs Plant high (cm)Number of leaves /clump Plant crop 1 st ratoon 2 nd ratoon Plant crop 1 st ratoon 2 nd ratoon 1.5 – – – – LD 5 %

15 Bulb size (Ø cm) Days require for floweringFlower yield Plant crop 1 st ratoon 2 nd ratoon Plant crop 1 st ratoon 2 nd ratoon Total yield 1.5 – – – – LD 5 % ns Effect of bulb size on growth of tuberose (2)

16 Deepth of Planting Deepth of Planting (cm) Total yield (gram) LD 5 %2.37

17 Harvest and Postharvest Qualified harvest  age of plant 7 – 8 month after planting Stalk of flowers have 2-3 blossom Cut flower & Sowing flower Population / Ha  160 stalk  1 st harvest 2 nd harvest – ratoon 10 – 100 stalk / ikat Long vaselife  recut stalk under water and place them in the water with preservative, or sugar 6 %  6 gram / 100 cc water  vase life 13 – 14 days

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