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Plant Classification Theophrastus 370-285 BC –Historia Plantarum Trees, shrubs, half shrubs, herbs Annuals, biennials and perennials A few families Carl.

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Presentation on theme: "Plant Classification Theophrastus 370-285 BC –Historia Plantarum Trees, shrubs, half shrubs, herbs Annuals, biennials and perennials A few families Carl."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plant Classification Theophrastus 370-285 BC –Historia Plantarum Trees, shrubs, half shrubs, herbs Annuals, biennials and perennials A few families Carl von Linnae –Genera Plantarum –Species Plantarum –Binomial system – two part name

2 Plant Classification Kingdom – Plantae (Plant) –Division – Tracheophyta, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Thallophyta, Pteridophyta Class – Gymnospermae, Angiospermae, Filicinae –Subclass – for Angiospermae only- Monocotyledonae, Dicotyledonae Order (ales ending) Family (aceae ending) Genus Species (specific epithet) Variety/Cultivar

3 Classification –Class-Gymnospermae Order- Coniferales –Family- Cupressaceae Genus - Juniperus species - chinensis variety - ‘Procumbens Nana’

4 Juniperus sp.

5 Pinus sp.

6 Classification Class - Angiospermae –Subclass - monocotyledonae order - Arecales (Palmales) –Family - Arecaceae Genus - Washingtonia species - filifera

7 Monocot

8 Monocot - Flower

9 Classification Class - Angiospermae –Subclass - Dicotyledonae Order - Apocynales –Family - Apocynaceae Genus - Plumeria species - obtusa cv - ‘Common White’

10 Angiospermae - Dicot

11 Angiospeermae - Dicot

12 Classification Class - Filicinae –Order - Polypodiales Family - Polypodiaceae –Genus - Nephrolepis species - exaltata cultivar - ‘Bostoniensis’

13 Filicinae - Dicksonia sp.

14 Monocots vs. Dicots Monocot One seed leaf Parallel leaf veins Flower parts in 3’s or multiples of 3’s Dicot Two seed leaves Netted/reticulate venation Flower parts in 4’s or 5’s or in multiples of these.

15 Horticultural Classification Morphological features –Succulent –Herbaceous –Woody –Vines –Trees –Shrubs –Deciduous –Evergreen

16 Horticultural Classification Environmental –Cold hardy –Tender –Warm season –Cool season –Aquatic –xeriphytes

17 Classification Growth pattern –Annuals –Biennials –Perennials By usage –Edible – vegetable, fruit and nut crops –Amenity – cut flowers, potted crops, nursery crops, turfgrasses

18 Career Options in Horticulture Nursery –Wholesale growing, plant propagation of bedding plants, woody ornamentals, foliage plants, specialty crops, etc. –Retail sales of plants and other products to the public

19 Careers in Horticulture Sales –brokers-finished plants, propagation material –company representatives- –chemical-fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, etc. –equipment-mowers, edgers, small tractors, etc –tools-rakes, shovels, hoes, small tools, etc. –supplies-packaged soils, garden tape, grafting materials, pots, cell packs, etc.

20 Careers in Horticulture Sales (cont’d) –soil-custom mixed, compost, artificial soils –combination of product mixes and services –seed –publications and news

21 Careers in Horticulture Landscaping –Architectural Design –Freelance Design –Contracting and Installation –Maintenance –Arbor Services Certified Arborist (Consulting)

22 Careers in Horticulture Turfgrass –Sod Farming –Municipal Park Maintenance –Golf Course Management –Athletic Field/Stadium Management –Cemetery Maintenance –Consulting

23 Careers in Horticulture Irrigation –Consulting –Contracting and Installation –Design –Sales and service of parts

24 Careers in Horticulture Education and Research –vocational education –university / community college teaching –university research and publications –cooperative extension service –botanical garden management


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