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ARTIN FERIANA ARJATI, 2201403521 AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF GERUND AMONG THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UNNES IN THE ACADEMIC.

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Presentation on theme: "ARTIN FERIANA ARJATI, 2201403521 AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF GERUND AMONG THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UNNES IN THE ACADEMIC."— Presentation transcript:

1 ARTIN FERIANA ARJATI, AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF GERUND AMONG THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UNNES IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2006/2007

2 Identitas Mahasiswa - NAMA : ARTIN FERIANA ARJATI - NIM : PRODI : Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris - JURUSAN : BAHASA & SASTRA INGGRIS - FAKULTAS : Bahasa dan Seni - artin_felly pada domain yahoo.com - PEMBIMBING 1 : DRS. SUPARAPTO, M.HUM - PEMBIMBING 2 : Drs. L. Elyas Nugraha, M.A - TGL UJIAN :

3 Judul AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF GERUND AMONG THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF UNNES IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2006/2007

4 Abstrak This final project mainly aims at determining the main error and finding out the causes or sources of the errors in using gerunds made by the students of the fourth semester of the English Department of UNNES in the academic year of 2006/2007. This study was conducted under the consideration that gerund has a number of types in the theory so that it is possible that the learners find it difficult to learn the grammatical structures. A test method was used to gather data. The test used consisted of two kinds, i.e. completion test and translation test and had been tried out before it was used to collect the data. The main purpose of conducting the try out was to measure the validity and reliability of the instrument. The reliability of the test was based on the Spearman- Brown formula. The test result was then analyzed by using percentage to determine the main error and find out the causes or sources of errors. The errors were classified on the basis of six types of gerunds. After computing the percentages of errors of each heading of gerund, it was found that the dominant error most often made by the students of the fourth semester of the English Department of UNNES is the use of gerunds in the negative adjective ‘No’ which occurred 129 times (69.39%) caused by false concept hypothesized. This means that the mastery of using gerund in the negative adjective ‘No’ is still low because the errors were still high. In conclusion, errors on the use of gerunds were still made by most students of the fourth semester of the English Department of UNNES in the academic year of 2006/2007. In relation to this, it is suggested that the English learners should be more careful in using grammar.

5 Kata Kunci

6 Referensi Allen, W. S Living English Stricture: A Practice Book for Foreign Students. London: Longmans. Arikunto, S Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: PT. Melton Putra. Azar, B.S Understanding and Using English Grammar. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Brown, H.D Principle of Language Learning and Teaching. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Cook, S.J and R.W. Suter The Scope of Grammar: A Study of Modern English. New York: Mc. Graw-Hill, Inc. Frank, M Modern English. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Gay, L.R Educational Research, Competencies for Analysis and Application. Third Edition. Columbus : Merril Publishing. Harris, D.P Testing English As a Second Language. New York: Mc Graw Hill, Inc. Heaton, J.B Testing English Language Test. London: Longmans Ltd. House, C.H, and E.S. Harman Descriptive English Grammar. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hill, Inc. Hubbord, P.J. Hywell, B. Thorton and R. Wheller A Training Course of TEFL. New York: Oxford University Press. James, C Error Language Learning and Use Exploring Error Analysis. London: Longman Group Ltd. Lado, R Language Testing. London: Longman Group. Nasr, R.T The Essentials of Linguistics Science. London: Longman. Norrish, J Language Learners and Their Errors. London: Macmillan. Ramelan Introduction to Linguistic Analysis. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press. Richards, J.C and R.W. Schmidt Language and Communication. New York: Longman, Inc. Richards, J.C Error Analysis. London: Longman Group Ltd. Robert, P Understanding English. New York: Harper and Raw Publisher. Scrievener, J Teaching Grammar(Oxford Basics). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Tarigan, H.G Pengajaran Analisis Kontrastif Bahasa. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka. Thomson, A. J., and A.V. Martinet A Practical English Grammar. New York: Oxford University Press Walton Street. Veit, R Discovering English Grammar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Warriner, E. J English Grammar and Composition. New York:Mc Grap-Hill, Inc. Zandvoort, R. W. and J.A. Van Ek A Handbook of English Grammar. London: Longman Group Ltd.

7 Terima Kasih


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