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PAMTE’S POTENTIAL POLICY ROLE IN PENNSYLVANIA F. Joseph Merlino, Principal Investigator and Director The Math Science Partnership of Greater Philadelphia.

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Presentation on theme: "PAMTE’S POTENTIAL POLICY ROLE IN PENNSYLVANIA F. Joseph Merlino, Principal Investigator and Director The Math Science Partnership of Greater Philadelphia."— Presentation transcript:

1 PAMTE’S POTENTIAL POLICY ROLE IN PENNSYLVANIA F. Joseph Merlino, Principal Investigator and Director The Math Science Partnership of Greater Philadelphia 2 ND Annual PAMTE Symposium Shippensburg University May

2 Trends For Ten major demographic, economic, and educational trends are converging as America starts its 2nd decade in the 21 st Century. Ten major demographic, economic, and educational trends are converging as America starts its 2nd decade in the 21 st Century. The resultant intersection of these trends threaten the vitality of American economic, educational and political institutions. The resultant intersection of these trends threaten the vitality of American economic, educational and political institutions.

3 Trend # 1 Increased Per Pupil Education Expenditures Due to Greater Percent of Students in Special Education, English Language Learners, Poor, Minorities, Increase Demand in Teacher Quality, Low Teacher Supply in Key Areas, Employee Health Care Costs, Retirement Benefits

4  From 1988–89 to 2001–02 K -12 educational expenditures increased 45 percent  By 2013–14, expenditures projected to increase up 39% in constant dollars to $ 525 billion per year.. k-12 Educational Expenditures in constant 2002–03 dollars

5 Large Differences in Math and Reading Proficiencies in Elementary, Middle and High School Between: Asians and Whites, Whites and Black and Hispanics Economically Disadvantaged, Special Education, English Language Learners and those white English speaking students from moderate to high SES backgrounds Trend # 2 Persistent “Achievement Gap”

6 Below BasicAdvanced 11th Grade PSSA by Race 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70 % Asian White Black Hispanic

7 Poorer Hispanic and Black Populations Continue to Grow as Percentage of US Population Young People are Fasting Growing Minority Segment Trend # 3 Increasing Racial and Ethnic Diversity as Percentage of US Population

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10 High School Graduation Rates Stay Flat or Decline Owing to Greater Percentages of Poorer Hispanics and Blacks in the Student Population Trend # 4 Persistent or Increased High School Drop-out Rate (non GED)

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12 Rising to the Challenge Are High School Graduates Prepared For College & Work? Key findings from surveys among public high school graduates, college instructors, and employers Conducted December 2004–January 2005 for # 5 Increased Demand for Post Secondary Studies but many students not prepared

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14 Few Employers Feel High School Graduates Prepared For Advancement Applicants with no high school degree Recent public high school grads who have no further education/training Recent grads of two-year college or training program Recent graduates of four-year colleges

15 Employers/Instructors Dissatisfied With High Schools’ Skills Prep ( In each area, % saying they are somewhat/very dissatisfied with the job public high schools are doing preparing graduates ) Thinking analytically Work and study habits Applying what is learned in school to solving problems Computer skills College instructorsEmployers 29% very dissatisfied 22% very dissatisfied 16% very dissatisfied 17% very dissatisfied

16 College Instructors Are Harshest Critics Of High School Do public high schools adequately prepare graduates to meet the expectations they face in college Employers 70% 28% In first-year classes, how much class time do you spend reviewing material and skills that should have been taught in high school? Significant amount of class time (24%) Some class time Very little class time No class time Do not adequately prepare graduates Adequately prepare graduates

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19 # 6 Stiffer Competition from Abroad in STEM Talent

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22 Program for International Student Assessment

23 High School Graduate Science Performance

24 High School Graduate Math Performance

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26 China

27 323 mil 450 mil 3,075 mil 1,628 mil 529 mil 269 mil # 7 Rising Asia, Russia and European Union Economies

28 Fastest Growing Economies are China, India & Russia

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31 Pennsylvania SAT Reasoning Test Test-Takers Mean Scores Intended College Major Number Pct Critical1998 VerbalMath 2006 ReadingMathWriting Agriculture or Natural Resources 1,4531.6% % Architecture or Environmental Design 1,7671.9% ,0482.0% Arts: Visual and Performing 5,3335.9% ,8475.7% Biological Sciences 4,4124.9% ,6763.6% Business and Commerce 10, % ,3639.1% Communications 3,3953.7% ,0623.0% Computer or Information Sciences 3,6444.0% ,7152.6% Education 10, % ,6279.3% Engineering and Engineering Technologies 5,6706.2% ,4984.3% Foreign or Classical Languages % % General or Interdisciplinary Studies % % Health and Allied Services 13, % , % Home Economics % % Language and Literature 1,0331.1% ,2331.2% Library and Archival Sciences 410.0% % Mathematics % % Military Sciences % % Philosophy, Religion, or Theology % % Physical Sciences 1,3311.5% ,1531.1% Public Affairs and Services 2,6963.0% ,2022.1% Social Sciences and History 8,3669.2% ,3966.2% Technical and Vocational 1,1841.3% ,0231.0% Undecided 5,1735.7% ,4822.4% , % 71, % Blank 9, % 31, % Total Test Takers90, % , % SD ,198 SAT I Mean Scores PA 1st Time College Freshman Enrollment Trend # 8 Declining Student Interest in STEM

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33 “Substantial increases in those segments of America’s young population with the lowest level of education, combined with the coming retirement of the baby boomers— the most highly educated generation in U.S. history— are projected to lead to a drop in the average level of education of the U.S. workforce over the next two decades, unless states do a better job of raising the educational level of all racial/ethnic groups. Trend # 9 Retiring Baby Boomers + Insufficient Numbers of Skilled Foreign Workers ""Policy Alert" by the Nat'l Center for Public Policy and Higher Education

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37 Washington, DC Feb , 2007

38 GOVERNOR RENDELL CREATES NEW COMMISSIONS TO TRAIN TEACHERS AND PREPARE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS FOR COLLEGE AND CAREERS August 2005

39 Trend # 10 Continued and Increased School District Accountability by Federal and State Government s Due to: 1.Rising Education Expenditures in constant dollars per pupil and overall 2.Importance of Higher Levels of Education to the Economy 3.Political Disenfranchisement of Growing Portions of Latinos and Blacks resulting from inequities in “opportunities to learn”.

40 What does Adequate Yearly Progress Measure? AYP measures student results for three indicators, Attendance (for schools without a high school graduating class) or Graduation Rate (for schools with a high school graduating class); Academic Performance; and Test Participation. The details of AYP measurement can be complicated

41 States determine AYP performance targets based on students' standardized test scores each year. The Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) uses the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) to determine AYP performance. Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 11 Participation in and performance on the PSSA is a cornerstone of measuring AYP results. As measured by the PSSA, students' scores fall into one of four levels: Advanced (highest) Proficient ************************************ Basic Below Basic (lowest)

42 Attendance: If a school does not have a senior graduating class, the attendance rate for the entire school must be 90%, or any improvement from the previous year if rate is below 90%. Graduation: If a school has a high school graduating class, the graduation rate for this class must be 80% or show any improvement from the previous year if rate is below 80%.

43 AYP STATUS LEVELS

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45 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Federal Requires K-12 Public School Districts Must Make Steady Progress Toward Reaching 100% Proficiency For 41 Subgroups of Students in Math and Reading All Schools within a District by 2014 Risk Losing Federal Education Money RESULT: The “Accountability Squeeze” Each School must make “Adequate Yearly Progress” (AYP) based on a ever increasing percentage of their student being “Proficient”.

46 Math Reading

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48 Proportion of PA High Schools that Reached AYP Proficiency Overall in 11th Grade Math % 19229% 24737%

49 Likely Outcomes 1. 50% of all PA high schools will not reach AYP in 2008, 2. More than 90% of PA schools will fail to reach 100% Proficiency in Math,Reading and Science by 2014 for all students. 3. Persistent Achievement and Graduation Gaps in NCLB categories Crisis points: 1.Credibility of NCLB and “Corrective Action” sanctions. “So what if we fail? What can the state really do with so many?” 2. Inability of states and schools to improve student learning for all students at sufficient levels as reflected in high stakes state tests. 3. Widening social and personal inequities, increased proportion of low knowledge young people in a high knowledge economy.

50 "The projected decline in educational levels coincides with the growth of a knowledge-based economy that requires most workers to have higher levels of education. At the same time, the expansion of a global economy allows industry increased flexibility in hiring workers overseas. As other developed nations continue to improve the education of their workforces, the United States and its workers will increasingly find themselves at a competitive disadvantage. "In addition, a drop in the average level of education of U.S. workers would depress personal income levels for Americans, in turn creating a corresponding decrease in the nation’s tax base. The projected declines in educational and income levels can be reversed, however, if states do a better job of increasing the education of all their residents, particularly those populations that are growing fastest. " Policy Alert" by the Nat'l Center for Public Policy and Higher Education

51 2nd Annual STEM Forum Planning Conference 2nd Annual STEM Forum Planning Conference Thursday, April 26th, 2007 To view the CONFERENCE AGENDA click here. click hereclick here Below are links to view and download preconference materials:  2007 Conference Pre-Work Instructions 2007 Conference Pre-Work Instructions 2007 Conference Pre-Work Instructions  2007 Conference Pre-Work Form 2007 Conference Pre-Work Form 2007 Conference Pre-Work Form  June 2006 STEM Forum Proceedings June 2006 STEM Forum Proceedings June 2006 STEM Forum Proceedings  June 2006 Compilation of Roundtable Discussions June 2006 Compilation of Roundtable Discussions June 2006 Compilation of Roundtable Discussions  Philadelphia Math and Science Coalition Strategic Plan Philadelphia Math and Science Coalition Strategic Plan Philadelphia Math and Science Coalition Strategic Plan  STEM Update Letter STEM Update Letter STEM Update Letter  STEM Briefing Book STEM Briefing Book STEM Briefing Book Below are links to view and download April 26, 2007 conference materials:  Regional Compact for STEM Education FINAL Regional Compact for STEM Education FINAL Regional Compact for STEM Education FINAL  "Data Pegs" Powerpoint Show "Data Pegs" Powerpoint Show "Data Pegs" Powerpoint Show Other Resources:  Data Profile Pennsylvania Data Profile Pennsylvania Data Profile Pennsylvania  Achieve Poll on College Readiness Achieve Poll on College Readiness Achieve Poll on College Readiness  Reality Check - Parents and Math Reality Check - Parents and Math Reality Check - Parents and Math

52 # 1 Increased Per Pupil Education Expenditures # 2 Continued and Increased School District Accountability by Federal and State Government s # 3 The NCLB “Accountability Squeeze” # 4 Persistent “Achievement Gaps” # 5 Increasing Racial and Ethnic Diversity as Percentage of US Population # 6 High School and College Dropouts and “Drop downs” # 10 Domestic Human STEM Capital Shortage + Insufficient Numbers of Skilled Foreign Workers # 8 Stiffer Competition from Abroad in STEM Talent # 9 Declining of Flat Interest In STEM and Life Sciences # 7 Increased Demand for Post Secondary Studies (but many students not well prepared) “Storm” Trends


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