Literary Terms or Figurative Language Allusion Alliteration Allegory AntithesisArchetype Irony Paradox
Allusion/ a hint at another creative work Religion The Bible… I did eat of the tree of knowledge The Gita …How we become entangled with our desires World Literature Shakespeare …”To be,or not to be: that is the question” Cervantes…”Amor y deseo son dos cosas diferentes” Famous People Presidents …”With malice toward none, with charity for all” Freud …”Civilization began the first time an angry person cast a word instead of a rock”
Justice is not just a balancing act, but one that involves humanity and a productive life. As King Solomon found out, justice is more than balancing facts and laws; it involves humanity and productive living. Justice is not just about laws, but about fairness, empathy, and humanity.
Archetypes/universal heroes that people emulate ( copy), or fear Zorro, or the Fox, is an archetype that defends the helpless, punishes cruel politicians, and aids the oppressed. In England, this would be …? Yoda is the mentor archetype, who is an advisor and confidante to Luke Skywalker. La Llorona is the archetypical evil woman condemned to eternally suffer and weep for violating her role as wife and mother. In Mexico, she is identified with ___________, who betrayed Mexico to the Spaniards.
Archetypes Activity: Writing & Critical Thinking Do you have heroes ? Do heroes have “flaws”? Explain. List the character strengths of your hero or heroes (i. e. honesty, courage, loyalty, leadership, empathy, humility, attitude, etc.) What goals do you have ? How will your goals affect your family, or your neighborhood, or your city ? Do you have historical heroes, or cultural heroes? What journey will you take in life? There is only one journey: going inside yourself Rainer Maria Rilke A journey consists of three stages: 1)departure, 2) trials and victories, and 3) return and reintegration with society Joseph Campbell Do you foresee any obstacles (trials) in your journey?
Alliteration Poetry Prose Magazines/ Ads/Comics Lyrics Alliteration/ the repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words
Applications “ Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle”(Unknown) “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary” (Poe) “Fly o’ er waste fens and windy fields”(Tennyson) “Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer” (May) “ Boom, boom, boom, gotta-get- get” (BEP) “ I left my head and my heart on the dance floor” (LG) “smoking on street corners and throwing stones at passing cars” (JKR) “Oscar’s only ostrich oiled an orange owl today” ( Dr.Seuss)
**Alliteration Activity : Writing Lists & Sentences ( Critical Thinking) Don’t Drink and Drive Good as gold Beto’s Bakery Blue Bubble Ballroom New York Yankees Pittsburg Penguins
Famous Allegories Three Little Pigs Three different materials ? Wolf ? Hebrew Bible Genesis Snake? Apple? Beowulf Grendel? Grendel’s Mother? Dragon?
** Allegory: Writing & Critical Thinking Activity. Describe your thoughts about the American Dream, Beauty, Double Perception, Money as Evil, Muscle Power Cars.
Economics Poverty Wealthy or Rich People Hero Villain Emotions Love Hate Antithesis/ the opposite or negative of an idea
Summary Assessment: Reading and Writing Directions: Indicate “A” for alliteration Indicate “B” for allegory Indicate “C” for archetype Indicate “D” for allusion Indicate “E” for antithesis Indicate “F” for none of the above
Quiz: Read, then write statement, and answer whether the example is an allusion, allegory, antithesis, alliteration, or archetype. 1. To be a high school graduate, or not to be a high school graduate that is the problem at Georgetown High School. 2. Silly Sally sat on a soft sofa sipping sugared lemonade. 3. The snake represents sex. 4. My uncle, my hero, always gives me good advice and always cares about me. 5. Buy at Beto’s Barber Shop because he is the best. 6. My aunt, like the Wicked Witch of the Southwest,always blames me when things go wrong in my life. 7. With malice toward none, with charity for all 8. Lovely Lupe, laughing at my jokes, is my second cousin. 9. He is gone to a happier place: God called his number. 10. I wear my hair like … I wear clothes like … I like to say the exact words like … 11. Challenge (reto, desafio) :Of the five literary devices studied so far, pick any three and write examples which you know or have made.
Paradox/ a statement that appears to contradict itself Examples : I know that I know nothing (Socrates) Two people might not cooperate even if it is in their best interest to do so ( Prisoner's Dilemma) Increasing food supply might actually lead to sickness and death ( Enrichment Paradox)
Antithesis: Famous examples Abe Lincoln The world will little note, nor long remember…but it can never forget These dead shall not have died in vain..have a new birth of freedom Neil Armstrong One small step for a man, One giant leap for mankind J F Kennedy Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country If a rich country cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich
Paradox Writing Activity: Read the following paradoxes and Write( Explain) why they are paradoxes. Liar ‘s Paradox: “All citizens of Georgetown are liars,” said the Round Rock citizen ; and I,from Round Rock, only tell truths. Is he lying, or telling the truth? Patient/Doctor Paradox: Everything happens for a reason and if it is my destiny to get healthy, I will get healthy. Therefore, there is no reason to go to a doctor. Bertrand Russell Paradox: All exact science is dominated by approximation. If a man says he knows the exact truth, then you are safe to reason that he is an inexact man. Mark Twain Paradox: “It is curious that physical courage should be so common in the world, and moral courage so rare.”
Examples of Irony Beautiful weather we had these last three summers …for lizards. Two marriage therapists are divorced from each other The bullet that injured President Reagan ricocheted from a bullet proof window
IRONY: the opposite of what is stated (verbal), or an occurrence (situation) that is opposite of what was expected
Quiz: Irony--Yes or No? What kind? Situational or Expressed? 1. A defaced traffic sign states no defacing of signs. 2. A medieval warrior is checking his cell phone. 3. A good looking girl invites the quarterback of the football team for a date. 4. Your mom says that she will not let you go out past ten when you know she does it all the time when she goes dancing at a club. 5. Congress is doing everything possible to create new jobs in 2013. 6. Musicians come up with a pledge of no use of drugs on the road while driving. 7. Overweight doctors and nurses warn you about not exercising. 8. Your dad warns you about not wearing your seatbelt, which he never uses. 9. More teachers should be laid off because they make too much money. 10. A large piece iron weighs little due to it being made of plastic.