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PEAT “The rate of exploitation of a resource is related to technological change”
What is peat? zPeat is a soil that is made up of rotted dead plants which have built up on top of each other in waterlogged places for thousands of years.
2 types of bogs zRaised-found in the Midlands. Can be up to 12metres deep zBlanket-found in upland and lowland areas of the West of Ireland. Can be up to 3 or 4 metres deep
The “old way” of cutting peat zMeitheal: Group of neighbours and friends who worked together at a common task in rural Ireland.
Turf Stacks-Peat is called turf when it is cut
Sleán-How do you think this was used?
Question time zDo you think this work was fast? zWhat do you think was done to make extracting the peat quicker?
Bord na Móna
zSet up in 1946 zWhy? zTo exploit the bogs. zWhat does exploitation mean? zWhy would Bord na Móna want to exploit the bogs?
The “new” way-Peat Production
Stage 1 zThe bog is drained. zWhy would the bog have to be drained? zHow does this make the work easier?
Ditcher-Why do you think the tyres are so wide?
Stage 2 zThe peat is harvested zHow was peat harvested before?
Stage 3 zThe peat is transported zHow do you think the peat was transported in the past?
Phase 4 zThe peat is marketed
Uses of peat zMilled peat-ESB power stations in the Midlands zBriquettes zGarden peat/moss peat zSod peat
Bog Debate zKeep using them up? zPreserve them before they run out?
Keep using them? zSource of fuel-electricity. Don’t have to import oil zExport-make money zBord na Móna-jobs zGrasslands zForests-what can we use these for?
Preserve them before they run out? zHome to rare plants and animals zHome to many birds in winter z51% of the total remaining bogs in Europe zArchaeology-bog man!
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