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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Problem of the Day Becky plans to spend a total of 30 minutes doing chores before heading to the movies with her children. She plans to make the beds, clean the restroom, and wash dishes. She made the beds for 1/3 of the total time, washed dishes for ½ of the total time, and cleaned the restroom the remainder of the time. How much time did it take her to clean the restroom? 5 minutes

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Learn to simplify algebraic expressions.

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions In the expression 7x + 9y + 15, 7x, 9y, and 15 are called terms. A term can be a number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables. Terms in an expression are separated by + and –. 7x + 5 – 3y 2 + y + x3x3 term In the term 7x, 7 is called the coefficient. A coefficient is a number that is multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression. A variable by itself, like y, has a coefficient of 1. So y = 1y. Coefficient Variable term

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Like terms are terms with the same variable raised to the same power. The coefficients do not have to be the same. Constants, like 5,, and 3.2, are also like terms. 1212 Like Terms Unlike Terms 3x and 2x 5x 2 and 2x The exponents are different. 3.2 and n Only one term contains a variable 6a and 6b The variables are different w and w7w7 5 and 1.8

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Identify like terms in the list. Additional Example 1: Identifying Like Terms 3t 5w 2 7t 9v 4w 2 8v Look for like variables with like powers. Like terms: 3t and 7t 5w 2 and 4w 2 9v and 8v Use different shapes or colors to indicate sets of like terms. Helpful Hint

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 1 Identify like terms in the list. 2x 4y 3 8x 5z 5y 3 8z Look for like variables with like powers. Like terms: 2x and 8x 4y 3 and 5y 3 5z and 8z

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions x Combining like terms is like grouping similar objects. += x x x xx x xx xxxx x xxxx 4x4x+5x5x =9x9x To combine like terms that have variables, add or subtract the coefficients.

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. Additional Example 2: Simplifying Algebraic Expressions A. 6t – 4t 6t – 4t 2t2t 6t and 4t are like terms. Subtract the coefficients. B. 45x – 37y + 87 In this expression, there are no like terms to combine.

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Additional Example 2: Simplifying Algebraic Expressions C. 3a 2 + 5b + 11b 2 – 4b + 2a 2 – 6 3a 2 + 5b + 11b 2 – 4b + 2a 2 – 6 5a 2 + b + 11b 2 – 6 Identify like terms. Add or subtract the coefficients. Group like terms. Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary.

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 2 C. 4x 2 + 4y + 3x 2 – 4y + 2x 2 + 5 9x 2 + 5 Identify like terms. Add or subtract the coefficients. 4x 2 + 4y + 3x 2 – 4y + 2x 2 + 5 Group like terms. Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary.

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Simplify the expression. Use the commutative and associative properties to help you. 8k 2 + 4k – 3k 2 + 3 – k + 5 Identify Like Terms Combine the terms

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Simplify the expression. Use the commutative and associative properties to help you. 10x 3 + 5y 2 + 2xy – 4y 2 + 4xy – x 3

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 3 x 2x + 1 x + 2x + 1 + 2x + 1 5x + 2 Write an expression using the side lengths. Identify and group like terms. Add the coefficients. Write an expression for the perimeter of the triangle. Then simplify the expression. (x + 2x + 2x) + (1 + 1)

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Course 2 1-9 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Write An Expression for the perimeter of the triangle. 6v + s5s – 4v 2s + 5 6v + s + 5s – 4v + 2s + 5 2v + 8s + 5

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