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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Warm Up Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation Problem of the Day Problem of the Day Lesson Quizzes Lesson Quizzes

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Warm Up Evaluate each expression for y = y + y 2. 7y 3. 10y – 4y 4. 9y 5. y + 5y + 6y

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Problem of the Day Emilia saved nickels, dimes, and quarters in a jar. She had as many quarters as dimes, but twice as many nickels as dimes. If the jar had 844 coins, how much money had she saved? $94.95

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Learn to simplify algebraic expressions.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Vocabulary term coefficient

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions In the expression 7x + 9y + 15, 7x, 9y, and 15 are called terms. A term can be a number, a variable, or a product of numbers and variables. Terms in an expression are separated by + and –. 7x + 5 – 3y 2 + y + x3x3 term In the term 7x, 7 is called the coefficient. A coefficient is a number that is multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression. A variable by itself, like y, has a coefficient of 1. So y = 1y. Coefficient Variable term

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Like terms are terms with the same variables raised to the same exponents. The coefficients do not have to be the same. Constants, like 5,, and 3.2, are also like terms Like Terms Unlike Terms 3x and 2x 5x 2 and 2x The exponents are different. 3.2 and n Only one term contains a variable 6a and 6b The variables are different w and w7w7 5 and 1.8

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Identify like terms in the list. Additional Example 1: Identifying Like Terms 3t 5w 2 7t 9v 4w 2 8v Look for like variables with like powers. 3t 5w 2 7t 9v 4w 2 8v Like terms: 3t and 7t 5w 2 and 4w 2 9v and 8v Use different shapes or colors to indicate sets of like terms. Helpful Hint

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 1 Identify like terms in the list. 2x 4y 3 8x 5z 5y 3 8z Look for like variables with like powers. Like terms: 2x and 8x 4y 3 and 5y 3 5z and 8z 2x 4y 3 8x 5z 5y 3 8z

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions x Combining like terms is like grouping similar objects. += x x x xx x xx xxxx x xxxx 4x4x+5x5x =9x9x To combine like terms that have variables, add or subtract the coefficients.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. Additional Example 2: Simplifying Algebraic Expressions A. 6t – 4t 6t – 4t 2t2t 6t and 4t are like terms. Subtract the coefficients. B. 45x – 37y + 87 In this expression, there are no like terms to combine.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Additional Example 2: Simplifying Algebraic Expressions C. 3a 2 + 5b + 11b 2 – 4b + 2a 2 – 6 3a 2 + 5b + 11b 2 – 4b + 2a 2 – 6 5a 2 + b + 11b 2 – 6 Identify like terms. Add or subtract the coefficients. (3a 2 + 2a 2 ) + (5b – 4b) + 11b 2 – 6 Group like terms. Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 2 Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. A. 5y + 3y 5y + 3y 8y8y 5y and 3y are like terms. Add the coefficients. B. 2(x 2 – 13x) + 6 There are no like terms to combine. 2x – 26x Distributive Property.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 2 C. 4x 2 + 4y + 3x 2 – 4y + 2x x Identify like terms. Add or subtract the coefficients. 4x 2 + 4y + 3x 2 – 4y + 2x Group like terms. (4x 2 + 3x 2 + 2x 2 )+ (4y – 4y) + 5 Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Write an expression for the perimeter of the triangle. Then simplify the expression. Additional Example 3: Geometry Application x 2x + 33x + 2 2x x x (x + 3x + 2x) + (2 + 3) 6x + 5 Write an expression using the side lengths. Identify and group like terms. Add the coefficients.

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Check It Out: Example 3 x 2x + 1 x + 2x x + 1 5x + 2 Write an expression using the side lengths. Identify and group like terms. Add the coefficients. Write an expression for the perimeter of the triangle. Then simplify the expression. (x + 2x + 2x) + (1 + 1)

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Standard Lesson Quiz Lesson Quizzes Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Lesson Quiz: Part I Identify like terms in the list. 1. 3n 2 5n 2n 3 8n 2. a 5 2a 2 a 3 3a 4a 2 Simplify. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. 3. 4a + 3b + 2a 4. x 2 + 2y + 8x 2 2a 2, 4a 2 5n, 8n 6a + 3b 9x 2 + 2y

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions Lesson Quiz: Part II 5. Write an expression for the perimeter of the given figure. 6x + 8y 2x + 3y x + y

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 1. Identify the like terms in the list. 6a, 5a 2, 2a, 6a 3, 7a A. 6a and 2a B. 6a, 5a 2, and 6a 3 C. 6a, 2a, and 7a D. 5a 2 and 6a 3 Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 2. Identify the like terms in the list. 16y 6, 2y 5, 4y 2, 10y, 16y 2 A. 16y 6 and 16y 2 B. 4y 2 and 16y 2 C. 16y 6 and 2y 2 D. 2y 5 and 10y Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 3. Simplify 5x + 2y + 7x. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. A. 5x + 2y + 7x = 5x + 7x + 2y Associative Property = (5x + 7x) + 2y Commutative Property = 12x + 2yAdd the coefficients. B. 5x + 2y + 7x = 5x + 7x + 2y Commutative Property = (5x + 7x) + 2y Associative Property = 12x + 2yAdd the coefficients. Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 4. Simplify 5x 2 + 3x + 8x 2. Justify your steps using the Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Properties when necessary. A. 5x 2 + 3x + 8x 2 = 5x 2 + 8x 2 + 3x Commutative Property = (5x 2 + 8x 2 ) + 3x Associative Property = 13x 2 + 3xAdd the coefficients. B. 5x 2 + 3x + 8x 2 = 3x + 5x 2 + 8x 2 Associative Property = (3x + 5x 2 ) + 8x 2 Commutative Property = 8x + 8x 2 Add the coefficients. Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

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1-8 Simplifying Algebraic Expressions 5. Identify an expression for the perimeter of the given figure. A. (4x + 5y)(x + 2y) C. 10x + 14y B. D. 5x + 7y Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems 4x + 5y x + 2y

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