Presentation on theme: "Supervisory Briefing Session May 8, 2012 May 10, 2012 Case Western Reserve University Department of Human Resources."— Presentation transcript:
Supervisory Briefing Session May 8, 2012 May 10, 2012 Case Western Reserve University Department of Human Resources
Documenting Behavior and Performance Issues Via Positive Corrective Action Presented by: Employee Relations
Review Professionalism and Communications and Expectations Policies Review Positive Corrective Action Policy Process of Counseling, Written Warning, and Termination High Risk Employees Questions
Professionalism (Work Environment) (I-7) & Communication and Expectations (I-2)
Professionalism in communications and behavior is the only acceptable form of interaction on campus and in related university business settings. Every employee is expected to conduct himself/herself in a manner that is a positive reflection of the university. When differences of opinions occur, only constructive, legitimate, and respectful forms of communication are considered appropriate. The university does not condone the following behaviors in the workplace: intimidation (raised voice, yelling, screaming), verbal abuse, including the use of profanity, humiliation via sarcasm, inappropriate physical contact, threatening-like behavior, or invading personal space or privacy. Employees who engage in these types of behaviors may be subject to corrective action via the Positive Corrective Action policy, up to and including termination. Employees who feel that they have been subjected to these types of behaviors should report such behaviors to their supervisor, Employee Relations or the Office of Inclusion, Diversity & Equal Opportunity immediately. All reports of these types of behaviors will be taken seriously and handled appropriately. Professionalism (Work Environment) (I-7):
As members of the university community, employees will: Treat all members of the community fairly, equitably, and courteously Value the different perspectives of team members, departments, and support groups Practice individual leadership to foster positive relationships among diverse cultures Emphasize a service orientation throughout the university community Utilize the resources and training provided to maximize productivity Promote high standards of performance in themselves and among their peers Conduct themselves in a professional and productive manner Comply with all approved policies and procedures Recognize the university's proprietary interest in all work, research, materials, projects and information, where appropriate Raise issues of ethics, conflict, and concern with the proper personnel, as necessary Communication and Expectations (I-2):
Purpose Identify acceptable behavior Opportunity to improve behavior Action-oriented – Establish clear expectations and method(s) to improve Provide follow up process Prevent unnecessary termination Protection from litigation Positive Corrective Action Policy
Positive Corrective Action - Process May range from informal counseling with the employee to formal Positive Corrective Action of: Verbal WarningWritten Warning SuspensionTermination **Not necessarily a continuous process - can be imposed at any step.** Remember: The ultimate goal is a successful and productive employee
What to look for and document (cont): A.Absenteeism (Most Obvious) - Frequent unscheduled short-term absences (with or without medical explanation) - Frequent use of unscheduled vacation time B.“On the Job” Absenteeism - At work but productivity and efficiency lacking - Continued absence from job location more than job requires - Frequent trips to water fountain or restroom - Long breaks
What to look for and document (cont): C.Accidents - Physical complaints on the job - Accidents on and off the job D.Observed Changes in Work Pattern - General absentmindedness, forgetfulness - Alternative periods of high and low productivity - Coming to work intoxicated - Missed deadlines - Inability to perform tasks they were able to do in the past
What to look for and document (cont): D.Observed Changes in Work Pattern (Cont.) - Mistakes due to poor judgment - Outside complaints about the employee’s work - Improbable excuses for these poor patterns - Carelessness E.Employee Relationships on The Job - Abrasiveness with others (managers and co-workers) -Use of profanity, derogatory language - Overreaction to real or imagined criticism - Unrealistic expectations for promotion
What to look for and document (cont): E.Employee Relationships on The Job (cont.) - Borrowing money from co-workers - Repeated and compulsive criticism of Department or University F.Work Relationships in the University Community -Inappropriate behaviors or communications with others outside the employee’s Department -Poor customer service, lack of cooperation - Complaints from other Departments or customers
What to look for and document (cont): G.Changes In Employee’s Behavior or Appearance (may be an indication of employee at risk) - Sloppy - Inappropriate clothing and/or poor hygiene - Mood - Withdrawn - Sad - Mood swings (high and low) - Suspiciousness - Extreme sensitivity - Frequent irritability
How to Counsel Employees Step 1: Take note of on-the-job behavior and/or performance and any dramatic changes. Adequate documentation will assist you in evaluating job performance and confronting an employee when necessary. Documentation should be: Specific Objective Factual Thorough Timely
How to Counsel Employees (cont): Step 2: Meet with the employee and determine whether the problem is personal or job-related. Step 3: Avoid becoming involved in an employee's personal problem. If the employee needs professional help, put him or her in touch with Employee Relations or EASE@Work.
How to Counsel Employees (cont): Step 4: Focus on behavior and/or performance issues if the trouble is job-related. In a calm, non-accusatory manner, point out the changes in the employee's performance or behavior. Step 5: Ask what you can do to help. Step 6: Work with the employee to develop concrete goals and a timeline for resolving the issues. - Do establish the levels of work performance/behavior you expect. Set the limits that you will tolerate. - Determine what is acceptable and unacceptable to you. - Be consistent. Treat all employees equally.
How to Counsel Employees (cont): Step 7: If the person shows behavior that poses a direct threat to themselves or others (including physically being unable to perform at work safely), call Employee Relations and/or Security immediately. A condition of employment or mandatory referral can be made that requires the person to be evaluated by a mental health professional via EASE or outside EASE and recommendations made as to whether the individual can safely and effectively perform in the job. They would be on a suspension during this period to give them time to provide documentation from their physician. Once we receive documentation, they can be placed on a leave. Important: If you feel threatened, you should suspend immediately and deactivate the employee’s accesses.
Positive Corrective Action Performance/Behavior: Preparing PCA documentation Consult with Employee Relations. Recap any prior counseling session (if conducted). Provide copies of internal memos. Specify the problem and provide specific examples – Dates, type of behavior, etc. Assist in setting up meeting between Employee Relations and employee. (ER provides a copy of the PCA policy.)
Preparing PCA documentation cont. What action will be taken because of the performance/behavior issue. How does this impact your department and its operations? Specify acceptable behavior/performance according to university/ department policy. What action will be taken in the future if unacceptable performance or behavior continues. Positive Corrective Action Attendance(Cont.) Positive Corrective Action Performance/Behavior (cont.)
Positive corrective action meeting agenda Recap prior counseling and internal memos. What action will be taken because of the incident. Specify exact acceptable behavior/performance goals. Future action if no improvement. Time frame if applicable. Take notes during the meeting. Provide a copy of the PCA to the employee, copy for your file and original to Employee Relations. Provide copy of the Grievance Policy, Procedure, and form to the employee.
Successful Completion of Corrective Action Write a memo of acknowledgement to the employee. Included in memo will be notification that if there is a repeat occurrence of unacceptable behavior, performance, or conduct, corrective action will continue at the level that most appropriately addresses the performance issue. Supervisor provides a copy of the acknowledgement memo to the employee, copy for your file and a copy to ER.
The Termination Meeting Preparing for the Termination Meeting: Consult with ER when repeat of performance/behavior. Prepare the PCA form, which describes the specifics of the behavior – date, type of behavior/performance, etc. Have the administrative details taken care of before the termination meeting [.e., Personnel Action Form – (know the number of unused vacation hours), Employee Termination Checklist, etc.] Normally meet in Employee Relations. Avoid area where co- workers will be around.
Be tactful. Get directly to the point. Review the performance/behavioral issues. Recommend termination. Politely listen to anything the employee has to state in his/her behalf, but do not apologize or make statements that suggest to the employee that you might change your mind. Do not forget to discuss the business details such as return of keys, papers, and all other university property. (Termination checklist.) Decide how you want to handle the personal belongings. Security may assist with personal belongings. Do not meet longer than necessary to accomplish your purpose. Submit PAF immediately.
It is advisable to seek consultation from Employee Relations immediately when you have knowledge of employees presenting with the following traits or behaviors, especially more than one: Employee with known history of violence who exhibits unprofessional behavior Preoccupation with violence or weapons (or owns weapons) Threats with intent to harm self, others, and property Reporting to work under the influence of alcohol/substance Defiant/ demanding/intimidating behavior Frequent disruptive behavior in the workplace Mood swings When is an Employee Considered High Risk?
Considerations Before Issuing Corrective Action To an Employee For Performance/Behavior Have you fully explained the professionalism and communications policies to the employee? Are you consistent in your department/management center in applying the work environment (professionalism) and communications and expectations policies? Have you explained your expectations concerning the employee’s position description? Have you discussed, in a counseling session, the employee’s behavior and performance? Does the employee know that their behavior and or performance is unacceptable? Have you told the employee specifically what must improve in order to meet acceptable standards? Do you consistently give accurate feedback on performance reviews regarding employee behavior and performance?