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Heather J. Hendry University of Pittsburgh

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Presentation on theme: "Heather J. Hendry University of Pittsburgh"— Presentation transcript:

1 Heather J. Hendry University of Pittsburgh

2 Purpose To present strategies that FL teachers can apply in IEP meetings to increase collaboration with special educators To propose an observation protocol for assessing students’ difficulties To share data that support the protocol To suggest foreign language specific accommodations that are aligned with the protocol

3 Presentation Agenda 1. Share data from study of 3 students with LLDs and supporting literature 2. Present Observation protocol 3. Simulate student assessment using protocol 4. Share suggested foreign language specific accommodations 5. Apply accommodations to simulations 6. Discuss collaboration with special educators in IEP meetings

4 Overview of Study 3 middle school students with LLDs K-12 sequential content-based Spanish program Data collection Classroom observations, twice a week, 16weeks Writing samples at beginning and end of observations Student interviews

5 Participant 1: Nate 6 th grade Shy quiet student IEP: Reading and Writing Writing: spelling, and identifying and applying definite and indefinite articles Reading comprehension: fifth grade level (one grade level below) Reading fluency: 84 words per minute (15 points lower than the sixth grade target of words per minute)

6 Participant 2: Gayle 6 th grade Social student IEP: Reading, writing, and attention Reading: comprehension and identifying sound- symbol connection Writing: lacks organization, frequently omits topic sentences, transitions, and closing thoughts Attention: staying on task and ignoring the behavior of other students

7 Participant 3: Tina 7 th grade Unique student, enjoys working independently IEP: reading, writing, ADHD, mild Asperger’s Syndrome Difficulty attending and socializing Word recognition and decoding Reading fluency: 110 WPM (7th graders should read between words per minute) Writing: spelling, handwriting, organizing and focusing on content; developing semantic and pragmatic language skills

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9 Findings: Accommodations Designed only for assessments Limit choices on tests Repeat directions Encourage asking for assistance Provide extra time on assignments Develop study guides Lack of accommodations for presentation/practice of lesson content Generic: Not differentiated for each student Apply to many subject areas Not specific to foreign language learning

10 Findings: Classroom Participation Teacher Q’s Observed in 7 classes Student responses Nate1457 Gayle1456 Tina1594 Infrequent participation Participation occurred for questions in English about: grammar translation to Spanish the task itself Participation of LLDs was different from non-LLD peers

11 Findings: Classroom Participation Do you raise your hand to speak in Spanish class? “I don’t raise my hand a lot because I forget the answer, forget the question, or I’m worried that I’m gonna get it wrong and people will laugh at me.”

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13 Findings: Writing Performance

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15 Findings: Student Perceptions Nate TinaGayle X X

16 Findings: Student Perceptions

17 Findings: A Summary Oral participation of LLDs was infrequent Differed from non-LLD peers Due to fear of answering incorrectly and risk of embarrassment Students performed differentially on writing tasks Students expressed different perceptions of learning Spanish with reference to learning styles Accommodations were designed only for assessments Not differentiated for each student Generic, applied to many subject areas Not specific to foreign language learning

18 How did students struggle? Comprehending target language use Comprehending reading tasks Participating orally in whole group classroom tasks Writing in the target language Retaining vocabulary meaning Eliminating distractions and attending Comprehending grammatical concepts

19 Observation Protocol for Foreign Language Students with IEPs CriteriaSuggested Sources of Information ObservationsAccommodations Listening Comp Reading Comp Oral Participation Writing Vocabulary knowledge and retention Classroom behavior Grammatical knowledge Learning Styles

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21 How is Protocol used?: Simulation Part 1 Assessing a student 1. Think of a student with an IEP, or create an imaginary student with an IEP 2. Assemble a group of 3-4 people 3. Choose 1 person to represent the student with an IEP 4. Go through each criteria of the protocol asking the “student” to describe their performance 5. Record observations 6. This information will be used later for Simulation Part 2

22 What is an accommodation? Accommodations are adaptations to activities that allow students with LDs to participate at the same level as their non-LD peers. (National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2006) Accommodations must reflect individual needs Accommodations must be aligned with student to produce a successful outcome

23 Recommendations for Accommodations in IEPs: ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL! It is recommended that accommodations in IEPs… Are specific to foreign language learning Apply to all components of lesson, not just assessments Designed differentially to reflect the unique needs of each individual student Suggest the use of alternative forms of assessments

24 Suggested Accommodations CriteriaSuggested Sources of Information ObservationsAccommodations Listening CompComprehensible input, build background Reading CompReading strategies Oral ParticipationGroupings, think pair shares, task- based activities WritingGraphic organizers, Ling assistance Vocabulary knowledge and retention Context, Visual, TPR, reflect learning styles Classroom behaviorOpening routines and tasks Grammatical knowledgeContext, dialogic approach Learning StylesMatch with challenges

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26 How is Protocol used?: Simulation Part 2 Assigning Accommodations 1. Review the list of suggested accommodations 2. Identify criteria that indicate student struggles 3. Assign accommodations to the criteria in which the student struggles

27 IEP Meetings: Collaborating with Special Educators IEP Meeting Observation Protocol for Foreign Language Students with IEPs

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