2Agenda: Positive Behavior Strategies Setting a Positive Classroom ToneBehavior Intervention Strategies from NEST ProgramApplication to Practice—Now What?“Our words and tone of voice have a profound effect on children,” Responsive Classroom Newsletter
3What Does This Quote Make You Think About With Regards Student Behavior? “I’ve come to a frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It’s my personal approach that creates the climate. It’s my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess a tremendous power to make a child’s life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a child humanized or dehumanized.” Haim G. Ginott
4If a child doesn’t know how to read …we teachIf a child doesn’t know how to swimIf a child doesn’t know how to tie his shoesIf a child doesn’t know how to multiplyIf a child doesn’t know how to behave... we?
5Most Common Responses to Disciplinary Issues… RemovalIncreased supervision and monitoringExclusionCounselingSuspensionReferralsPlacement…
7ABC's of Behavior If You Can Predict it…You Can Prevent it! Antecedent: what was going on just before the behavior, what is the trigger?Behavior: what happened?Consequence: what happens as a result of the behavior?Teach kids to self monitor, i.e. breathe, drink water, walk no talk
8Teach Replacement Behaviors Signal to teacher when overwhelmedUse words when upsetKeep hands to yourself (Keep hands away from other children when upset)Learn to go to a quiet area independently when needing to calm downGo to an adult to ask for help when transitions or peer negotiations are difficultExample: Getting Upset
9Deep Breathing Techniques When upset, take five deep breathsMove away from the problemDraw a picture of what I needTell someone abut the picture.
10Break CornerUse visuals to supports students in self-monitoring behavior,Teach students to recognize when they need a breakDesignate an area to be used as a Break Corner (I named mine , ‘The Cozy Corner”Visual Directions present options: “I can…sit in a bean bag, squeeze a toy, listen to music, read a book, take deep breathsOffer Guidelines as to how long & how often a student can use the Break corner
11Classroom Behavioral Supports Display Class Schedule & Reference FrequentlyOrganize to Minimize Distraction and Maximize EfficiencyUtilize Visual Aids and Concrete Examples to Supplement Verbal DirectionsProvide Opportunities for Students to Make Choices Throughout the Day
14Turn it Around- If a child is continually engaging in unexpected behavior, or having difficulty following directives, he/she can be encouraged with this term, such as, “I know you can turn it around” or ‘Never too late to…”Turn It Around!
16More SupportsIncorporate Strengths and Interests in Learning ActivitiesModel Expected Behavior Rather Than Tell Students What Not To DoHighlight Appropriate Behavior in PeersPreview Upcoming Events Transitions ActivitiesUse Class-wide Reinforcement Systems (Reward Chart) & Visual Timers to Indicate DurationModify Environment to Accommodate Sensory Sensitivities and Sensory Overload
17Teaching Routines 3=33If you invest three weeks in teaching students the necessary routines, you will get 33 weeks of teaching!The best way to teach routines is through the use of visual cues. They can also promote on task behavior, help in overcoming difficulty with transitions, time management, & working independentlyVisual schedules can be an effective means of promoting consistency and communicating activitiesVisuals can be used in teaching expected behavior such as packing and unpacking, moving from one activity to another
18CLASSROOM VOICE SCALE 5 Sc Screaming/Emergency Only Presentation Voice/RecessClassroom Voice/ Normal VoiceSoft Voice/Partnership VoiceQu Quiet Mouth/ WhisperVisual cues can be more effective when used in conjunction with non-verbal cues
19Visual rubric for whole body listening Give Me 5Visual rubric for whole body listeningEyes on the SpeakerEars listeningMouth quietHands downBody calmThis is taught to the children and they are reminded, in various ways, during times when they need to “give 5”. Children are taught that they can listen with their “whole bodies”, not just their ears. Posted in every class.
23COMMON LANGUAGE 5-Point Scale What is Expected/Unexpected Give Me 5 Body BubbleBig Problem/Little ProblemTurn it AroundMe vs. WePut your voice in your pocketExpected vs. UnexpectedGood Enough
24COMMON LANGUAGE5-Point Scale: Voice Scale is a visual rubric for voice volume; used in the classrooms to help children regulate their voice according to the context“Give Me Five” encourages children to “listen with their whole body”: eyes on the speaker, ears listening, mouth quiet, hands down, and body calm. Implementation: “I like the way so-and-so is giving me five/listening with their whole body”.Turn it Around If a child is continually engaging in unexpected behavior, or having difficulty following directives, he/she can be encouraged with this term, such as, “I know you can turn it around” or ‘Never too late to…”
25COMMON LANGUAGEBody Bubble This term is used to define “personal space”. Children are instructed to “stay in their own body bubble” (keeping body, hands, feet to self) Can monitor through outstretched arms. Big Problem/Little Problem When a child seems to be “getting stuck” on a “little problem”, they can be prompted by saying, “Is that a big problem, or a little problem?”, or “That may feel like a #5, but it’s really a #1 problem” We vs. Me This is used to differentiate between group & independent work Reminds kids to reflect on activities and promote working in groups
26Body BubbleBody Bubble- This term is used to define “personal space”. Children are instructed to “stay in their own body bubble” (keeping body, hands, feet to self) Can monitor through outstretched arms.
27A Community of Resources Building an Inclusive Community Occupational Therapist: Executive FunctionSpeech Therapists: Language strategies for all studentsSocial Workers: Counsel to parents, staff and principalParent Coordinator: Bridging the gap with families
28Next Steps What will you try with students who misbehave? Challenge: Choose one strategy to try with a student who will be your case study. Collect data. Be consistent for 2 weeks.How might you work with teachers on the grade to strengthen this practice?How will you assess its’ effectiveness?What support will you need to be effective?