Presentation on theme: "Our Duties to the Environment"— Presentation transcript:
1Our Duties to the Environment What Has Posterity Ever done for Me? —Robert HeilbronerTo the question of why we should care about future generations, there is no rational answer.We must appeal to inner conscience to show that we should care about future people.
2Our Duties to the Environment The Tragedy of the Commons—Garrett HardinThe tragedy of the commons is mutual ruin from a well-meaning system of sharing.The problems of poverty and starvation are due to uncontrolled population growth.In a world where all resources are shared and reproduction in the impoverished countries is uncontrolled, the tragedy of the commons is inevitable.
3Our Duties to the Environment The Tragedy of the Commons—Garrett HardinSome social problems have no technical solution.In the field of practical demography, we cannot rely on what Adam Smith called the power of the “invisible hand.”
4Our Duties to the Environment The Tragedy of the Commons—Garrett HardinWe cannot control the long-term breeding of mankind by an appeal to conscience.The long-term disadvantage of an appeal to conscience should be enough to condemn it.Conscience is self-eliminating.
5Our Duties to the Environment The Tragedy of the Commons—Garrett HardinTo deal with human population growth, we must above all rely on mutual coercion.The only way we can preserve and nurture other freedoms is by relinquishing the freedom to breed.
6Our Duties to the Environment People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution —William F. BaxterTo ensure benefits to humans, we should be willing to allow pollution where it harms animals and trees.Every human being should be regarded as an end.We need not respect the balance of nature.
7Our Duties to the Environment People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution —William F. BaxterThe costs of controlling pollution are best expressed in terms of the other goods we will have to give up to do the job.If the use of DDT in food production causes damage to the penguin population, we should not automatically conclude that we must stop agricultural use of DDT.