4Maritime SAR in Canada SAR is a federal responsibility The Department of National Defence has the role of lead agency for coordinating SAR related activities in CanadaCoordinated by a Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre (JRCC) or a Maritime Rescue Sub Centre (MRSC)A joint operation by Canadian Forces and Canadian Coast Guard
5Maritime SAR in CanadaA major operation will involve many authorities and organizations outside the SAR system
15What Has Canada Done To Prepare A SAR structure which meets international commitmentsA well integrated system of regular and volunteer response unitsWell trained response units, military and civil
16What Has Canada Done To Prepare (Continued) Canadian Forces /Canadian Coastguard Project Team updated Major Marine Disaster PlansA review of the Command and Control frameworkRegular exercises
17International Air and Marine Search And Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual There has been International agreement on Search and Rescue services, dividing the world into national areas of responsibility, and covering organisation, distress channels for aviation and marine, distress signals, etc.
18International Air and Marine Search And Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual The current IAMSAR Manual was introduced in 1998, and has three volumes1. Organization and Management2. Mission Co-ordination3. Mobile facilities
20Canadian Coast Guard Mission Save 100% lives at riskReduce the number and severity of SAR incidentsMinimize loss of life, injury, property damage and risk to the environmentSupport and involve the RCM-SAR
21Canadian Coast Guard Mission Maintain the highest professional standardsProvide national leadership and effective SAR Program managementProvide international SAR leadershipMaximize SAR system efficiency through innovationPromote volunteerism
22Canadian Coast Guard Mission Increase awareness of the SAR ProgramAssist in the development of the National SAR ProgramFoster cooperative SAR agreementsProvide humanitarian aid and civil assistance where possible
24JRCC VictoriaSearch and Rescue on the West Coast of Canada is coordinated out of the Joint Rescue Coordination Centre in Victoria.It is based at the Canadian Forces Base at Esquimalt.It is responsible for air and maritime rescue throughout the area.
25JRCC VictoriaIn the event of an alert at JRCC Victoria, the operation will be passed to air controllers for an aeronautical incident, or a marine controller for a maritime incident.
26JRCC Victoria This alarm may be raised by many methods including: EPIRB or EPIB signalTelephone call from the authorities or public sighting an incident or distress signalCalls from another vessel
27JRCC Victoria The JRCC will alert rescue resources Helicopters and fixed wing SAR aircraftCoast Guard and RCM-SAR vessels including hovercraftMerchant vessels nearby
28JRCC Victoria Rescue resources (Continued) Warships Pleasure Craft Fishing VesselsThe SAR command and control structure
29JRCC Alert List The Ship Owner (shipping company) Local Authority (EMO)RCMP and PoliceHarbour MasterFire DepartmentsAmbulance Departments
30JRCC Alert List Hospitals Provincial Emergency Plan Transport Canada Environment CanadaProvincial ministries
31Primary Rescue Resources Canadian Coast Guard Stations are situated at:VictoriaPrince RupertSidneyNanaimoSea IslandKitsilanoPowell River
32Primary Rescue Resources Saltspring Island (Ganges)TofinoBamfieldPort HardyBella BellaSandspitCampbell RiverCortes Is - (seasonal)
34BEWARESome of these authorities and organizations may have different command and control systemsEmergency Site Management (ESM)Incident Command System (ICS)System in Canadian Unified Command Centres is a mix of IAMSAR and ICS
35And did you remember The media Salvage/recovery of the ship(s) PollutionRecord keeping and the subsequent enquiry
36Media Handling Interest in a major incident will be intense ‘No comment’ will not be adequateA co-ordinated media strategy is vitalBe prepared to provide information and facilities to assist the news media to do its jobBe prepared to provide operational ‘talking heads’ for news conferences and interviews
38What is a Major Marine Disaster Involves large numbers of peopleIn a marine environment that may be outside the jurisdiction of shore authoritiesMay involve more than one vesselProbably involves removing large numbers of persons from a ship to a place of safety.
39International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety Radio communications and SAR have a part to play in any incident before a ship is actually evacuated – even before the decision to evacuate is made. Ideally, communications with the RCC and other SAR facilities will have been initiated well before. And ‘SAR’ should not be considered only as a matter of finding and recovering people in distress.
40International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety SAR service assistance can be provided to the ship before it is evacuated, preferably to prevent evacuation becoming necessary – firefighting or medical teams may be transferred aboard, emergency towing assistance supplied, etc.
41International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety The response to any incident extends beyond the safe delivery of survivors to the shore. The maritime SAR services are (or should be) closely involved with their shore-side counterparts in arranging efficient transfer of the survivors into shore-side care. In the case of a large passenger ship evacuation this will be a very complicated process, with the need for extensive communication – at the ….
42International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety …. contingency planning stage as well as during any incident.
43Command Considerations Additional air resourcesWhere will survivors be landedWhere will injured persons be landed and will it be by air or seaAre the facilities in these locations adequateIf additional resources are required at these locations how will they get there and how quickly
44What needs to be remembered Keep the Major Marine Disaster Plan up to date- review it regularlyExercise realistically but in a controlled manner- remember to include external agencies in exercisesContinue exercises beyond the shorelineSpeak to stakeholders – shipping interestsEvery major incident will be different – be prepared to improvise around the basic plan
46You’ve carefully thought out all the angles… You’ve done it all a thousand times before…It comes so naturally to youYou know what you’re doing, its what you’ve been trained to do your whole life…Nothing could possibly go wrong, right?
52MCTS Mission Statement To provide communications and traffic services for the marine community and for the benefit of the public at large to ensure:Safety of life at sea in response to international agreementsProtection of the environment through traffic managementEfficient movement of shippingInformation for business and the national interestIn 1996, Coast Guard Radio was amalgamated with Vessel Traffic Services to create the combined service of Marine Communications and Vessel Traffic Service (MCTS).The two distinct services bring varied expertise into the operations room, aiding in the expeditious resolution of marine incidents.
53MCTS Program Statement Within the Coast Guard, MCTS programs provide:the initial response to ships in a distress situation;a reduction in the probability of ships being involved in collisions, groundings, and strikings;a cornerstone in the marine information collection and dissemination infrastructure.The tools we use include: radar; VHF, MF and HF radio transceivers; Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Automated Identification Systems (AIS); Satellite communications; Encrypted communications (U.S./Can); various computerized vessel databases.
54MCTS: Mandated Services Distress - Safety - Communications & CoordinationVessel Screening to prevent the entry of unsafe vessels into Canadian watersRegulating Vessel Traffic Movements for marine risk reductionManaging an Integrated Marine Information System in support of economic benefits and national interests.
55MCTS in British Columbia The Pacific Region, Canada Coast Guard (CCG) operates three Vessel Traffic Services Zones: Vancouver; Tofino; and, Prince Rupert.
56MCTS in British Columbia The Vancouver Zone is comprised of 4 sectors:Sector 1 = Victoria MCTS Centre (SOG / JDF)Sector 2 = Victoria MCTS Centre (S. ARM)Sector 3 = Vancouver MCTS CentreSector 4 = Comox MCTS Centre
57Vancouver MCTS: Area of Responsibility From Iona Sewer Jetty westward (15A) until it intersects with line running south from Cape Roger Curtis (15B);From Cape Roger Curtis westward to Gower Point (15C)All waters in Howe Sound, English Bay, Burrard Inlet and Indian Arm, including Port Moody and False Creek.
58Vancouver MCTS Operations Located on the 23 floor of 555 West Hastings Street, it is comprised of 4 distinct operations consoles:Vancouver Vessel Traffic;Safety (Coast Guard Radio);Watch Supervisor; and,Regional Marine Information Console (RMIC)
61Traffic Console Bowen Radar // Kap-E and Kap-W Radar // Berry Pt Radar VTOSS (Vessel Transit Operating Safety System)CCS (Communications Control System)First Narrows Camera (capacity to video record)
62Vancouver Coast Guard Radio Vancouver Coast Guard radio operates out of MCTS Vancouver
63Safety Console Vancouver Coastguard Radio Communications Control System (CCS) / Message Data System (MDS) / VHF Digital Selective Calling (DSC) // Internet // Intranet / Nobletec Chart Program / Tide & Current Program
64Communications Control System Harbour Centre VHFCh. 04A,16, 22A, 26, 83AWatts Point VHFCh. 16, 26, 83AThese VHF channels are all recorded and tapes kept.In addition, any of these channels can be set to repeat in JRCC Victoria (1709)
65Communications Control System The CCS enables the MCTSO to conduct simultaneous transmissions on multiple frequencies. The JRCC can be immediately alerted to any distress or urgency communications by simply selecting the dedicated “1709” telephone icon and the appropriate VHF channel. The JRCC telephone line can be “linked” to any VHF frequency to provide direct communications to vessels or aircraft engaged in SAR operations.
66Supervisor’s Console Deep Sea vessel anchorage assist (CH77) Switch between Bowen & Kap-E/Kap-W Radar, plus Berry Pt radarCCSMDSEncrypted PhoneComlog
67Vancouver Port Authority and Vancouver MCTS (Memorandum of Understanding) The purpose of the MOU is to ensure a strong operational interface and an enhanced and efficient level of safety in the Port.Second Narrows Movement Restriction AreaFirst Narrows RegulationsMarine EmergenciesAnchoragesTankersEngine Immobilization Requests