Presentation on theme: "MARITIME SEARCH AND RESCUE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA. CANADIAN SEARCH AND RESCUE."— Presentation transcript:
MARITIME SEARCH AND RESCUE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
CANADIAN SEARCH AND RESCUE
Maritime SAR in Canada SAR is a federal responsibility The Department of National Defence has the role of lead agency for coordinating SAR related activities in Canada Coordinated by a Joint Rescue Co- ordination Centre (JRCC) or a Maritime Rescue Sub Centre (MRSC) A joint operation by Canadian Forces and Canadian Coast Guard
Maritime SAR in Canada A major operation will involve many authorities and organizations outside the SAR system
Canadian SAR Regions
The Canadian Search and Rescue Area is considerable. Compare it to the size of Europe
Unified Command Structure in Canada
What Has Canada Done To Prepare A SAR structure which meets international commitments A well integrated system of regular and volunteer response units Well trained response units, military and civil
What Has Canada Done To Prepare (Continued) Canadian Forces /Canadian Coastguard Project Team updated Major Marine Disaster Plans A review of the Command and Control framework Regular exercises
International Air and Marine Search And Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual There has been International agreement on Search and Rescue services, dividing the world into national areas of responsibility, and covering organisation, distress channels for aviation and marine, distress signals, etc.
International Air and Marine Search And Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual The current IAMSAR Manual was introduced in 1998, and has three volumes 1. Organization and Management 2. Mission Co-ordination 3. Mobile facilities
Canadian Coast Guard Search and Rescue Program
Canadian Coast Guard Mission Save 100% lives at risk Reduce the number and severity of SAR incidents Minimize loss of life, injury, property damage and risk to the environment Support and involve the RCM-SAR
Canadian Coast Guard Mission Maintain the highest professional standards Provide national leadership and effective SAR Program management Provide international SAR leadership Maximize SAR system efficiency through innovation Promote volunteerism
Canadian Coast Guard Mission Increase awareness of the SAR Program Assist in the development of the National SAR Program Foster cooperative SAR agreements Provide humanitarian aid and civil assistance where possible
JRCC Victoria Search and Rescue on the West Coast of Canada is coordinated out of the Joint Rescue Coordination Centre in Victoria. It is based at the Canadian Forces Base at Esquimalt. It is responsible for air and maritime rescue throughout the area.
JRCC Victoria In the event of an alert at JRCC Victoria, the operation will be passed to air controllers for an aeronautical incident, or a marine controller for a maritime incident.
JRCC Victoria This alarm may be raised by many methods including: EPIRB or EPIB signal Telephone call from the authorities or public sighting an incident or distress signal Calls from another vessel
JRCC Victoria The JRCC will alert rescue resources Helicopters and fixed wing SAR aircraft Coast Guard and RCM-SAR vessels including hovercraft Merchant vessels nearby
JRCC Victoria Rescue resources (Continued) Warships Pleasure Craft Fishing Vessels The SAR command and control structure
JRCC Alert List The Ship Owner (shipping company) Local Authority (EMO) RCMP and Police Harbour Master Fire Departments Ambulance Departments
JRCC Alert List Hospitals Provincial Emergency Plan Transport Canada Environment Canada Provincial ministries
Primary Rescue Resources Canadian Coast Guard Stations are situated at: Victoria Prince Rupert Sidney Nanaimo Sea Island Kitsilano Powell River
Primary Rescue Resources Saltspring Island (Ganges) Tofino Bamfield Port Hardy Bella Sandspit Campbell River Cortes Is - (seasonal)
RCM-SAR Units in British Columbia
BEWARE Some of these authorities and organizations may have different command and control systems Emergency Site Management (ESM) Incident Command System (ICS) System in Canadian Unified Command Centres is a mix of IAMSAR and ICS
And did you remember The media Salvage/recovery of the ship(s) The media Pollution The media Record keeping and the subsequent enquiry
Media Handling Interest in a major incident will be intense ‘No comment’ will not be adequate A co-ordinated media strategy is vital Be prepared to provide information and facilities to assist the news media to do its job Be prepared to provide operational ‘talking heads’ for news conferences and interviews
MAJOR MARINE DISASTER
What is a Major Marine Disaster Involves large numbers of people In a marine environment that may be outside the jurisdiction of shore authorities May involve more than one vessel Probably involves removing large numbers of persons from a ship to a place of safety.
International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety Radio communications and SAR have a part to play in any incident before a ship is actually evacuated – even before the decision to evacuate is made. Ideally, communications with the RCC and other SAR facilities will have been initiated well before. And ‘SAR’ should not be considered only as a matter of finding and recovering people in distress.
International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety SAR service assistance can be provided to the ship before it is evacuated, preferably to prevent evacuation becoming necessary – firefighting or medical teams may be transferred aboard, emergency towing assistance supplied, etc.
International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety The response to any incident extends beyond the safe delivery of survivors to the shore. The maritime SAR services are (or should be) closely involved with their shore-side counterparts in arranging efficient transfer of the survivors into shore-side care. In the case of a large passenger ship evacuation this will be a very complicated process, with the need for extensive communication – at the ….
International Correspondence Group on Large Passenger Vessel Safety …. contingency planning stage as well as during any incident.
Command Considerations Additional air resources Where will survivors be landed Where will injured persons be landed and will it be by air or sea Are the facilities in these locations adequate If additional resources are required at these locations how will they get there and how quickly
What needs to be remembered Keep the Major Marine Disaster Plan up to date- review it regularly Exercise realistically but in a controlled manner- remember to include external agencies in exercises Continue exercises beyond the shoreline Speak to stakeholders – shipping interests Every major incident will be different – be prepared to improvise around the basic plan
PLANNING AND TRAINING
You’ve carefully thought out all the angles… You’ve done it all a thousand times before… It comes so naturally to you You know what you’re doing, its what you’ve been trained to do your whole life… Nothing could possibly go wrong, right?
SEARCH AND RESCUE AROUND VANCOUVER
Canadian Coast Guard The Canadian Coastguard is represented in the Vancouver area by: –MCTS Vancouver –Marine resources at Kitsilano Base –Hovercrafts at Vancouver Airport
MARINE COMMUNICATIONS AND TRAFFIC SERVICES VANCOUVER
North Window View
To provide communications and traffic services for the marine community and for the benefit of the public at large to ensure: 1.Safety of life at sea in response to international agreements 2.Protection of the environment through traffic management 3.Efficient movement of shipping 4.Information for business and the national interest MCTS Mission Statement
MCTS Program Statement Within the Coast Guard, MCTS programs provide: the initial response to ships in a distress situation; a reduction in the probability of ships being involved in collisions, groundings, and strikings; a cornerstone in the marine information collection and dissemination infrastructure.
MCTS: Mandated Services Distress - Safety - Communications & Coordination Vessel Screening to prevent the entry of unsafe vessels into Canadian waters Regulating Vessel Traffic Movements for marine risk reduction Managing an Integrated Marine Information System in support of economic benefits and national interests.
MCTS in British Columbia The Pacific Region, Canada Coast Guard (CCG) operates three Vessel Traffic Services Zones: Vancouver; Tofino; and, Prince Rupert.
MCTS in British Columbia The Vancouver Zone is comprised of 4 sectors: Sector 1 = Victoria MCTS Centre (SOG / JDF) Sector 2 = Victoria MCTS Centre (S. ARM) Sector 3 = Vancouver MCTS Centre Sector 4 = Comox MCTS Centre
Vancouver MCTS: Area of Responsibility From Iona Sewer Jetty westward (15A) until it intersects with line running south from Cape Roger Curtis (15B); From Cape Roger Curtis westward to Gower Point (15C) All waters in Howe Sound, English Bay, Burrard Inlet and Indian Arm, including Port Moody and False Creek.
Vancouver MCTS Operations Located on the 23 floor of 555 West Hastings Street, it is comprised of 4 distinct operations consoles: Vancouver Vessel Traffic; Safety (Coast Guard Radio); Watch Supervisor; and, Regional Marine Information Console (RMIC)
MCTS Vancouver Watts Point VHF Bowen Is Radar
Traffic Console (view to Second Narrows)
Vancouver Coast Guard Radio Vancouver Coast Guard radio operates out of MCTS Vancouver
Safety Console Vancouver Coastguard Radio
Communications Control System Harbour Centre VHF Ch. 04A,16, 22A, 26, 83A Watts Point VHF Ch. 16, 26, 83A These VHF channels are all recorded and tapes kept. In addition, any of these channels can be set to repeat in JRCC Victoria (1709)
Communications Control System
The purpose of the MOU is to ensure a strong operational interface and an enhanced and efficient level of safety in the Port. Second Narrows Movement Restriction Area First Narrows Regulations Marine Emergencies Anchorages Tankers Engine Immobilization Requests Vancouver Port Authority and Vancouver MCTS (Memorandum of Understanding)
Vancouver Approach: Winter
Inner Harbour (Winter)
Berry Pt. Radar (Winter)
Vancouver Approach: Summer
CANADIAN COASTGUARD KITSILANO BASE
CCG Kitsilano Base Situated at the south east corner of Vanier Park, by the Burrard Street Bridge. It is manned 24 hours a day, and have two craft: