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Panel Discussion: Hostile Action-Based Drill Initiative NRC Region I/FEMA Regions I, II, III Joint Scheduling Conference December 10, 2008 Sue Perkins-Grew.

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Presentation on theme: "Panel Discussion: Hostile Action-Based Drill Initiative NRC Region I/FEMA Regions I, II, III Joint Scheduling Conference December 10, 2008 Sue Perkins-Grew."— Presentation transcript:

1 Panel Discussion: Hostile Action-Based Drill Initiative NRC Region I/FEMA Regions I, II, III Joint Scheduling Conference December 10, 2008 Sue Perkins-Grew Facilitator

2 2 Panel Members Steve Mannix, Exelon Jon Christiansen, NJ Emergency Management Mike McCoppin, NRC NSIR Jacques Singleton, FEMA HQ

3 3 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative  Year- End Summary –Experiential presentations: Exelon, New Jersey OEM  Lessons Learned Themes –NEI –NRC –FEMA  Focus Areas for 2009 –NEI –NRC –FEMA –2009 Workshop

4 4 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative 2008 Year-end Summary  23 drills conducted  Lessons Learned submitted to NEI for most – over 75 entries  HAB drill protocol evolved –NEI Scenario Review –Scenario “challenge/inquiry” between NRC/NEI/FEMA/licensee –Post-drill conference call with NRC

5 5 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Experiences  Fleet Perspective – Exelon –Steve Mannix  Offsite Perspective – NJ Office of Emergency Management –Jon Christiansen

6 NEI Phase III Initiative Exelon Fleet Experience Steve Mannix Exelon Nuclear Emergency Preparedness

7 7 Be Clear About Purpose Primary Objective: No Unplanned Events “Embrace” the NEI (Rev 1) Guidance and keep an “eye”on the NUREG-0654 Objectives; begin to prepare for the integration of HAB and REP in evaluation space Leverage this opportunity; walk away better prepared; develop and sustain important ORO relationships No Injuries No Security Events No Operational Events No Weapons Events

8 8 Understand the Differences The tabletop is your exercise dress rehearsal The exercise sequence of events and flow of information will be different The scenario development team composition will be different

9 9 Planning and Preparation Stakeholder engagement Start well in advance Incident Commander engagement

10 10 Achieving Success Preparing your exercise control materials Preparing your exercise control team and participants Performing as if it were a real event

11 11 Maintaining Control This can turn into a “production” Know when “enough ORO participation is enough” Be ready to drive your timeline and planned exercise missions

12 12 For additional information or to discuss these lessons learned and others please contact: Steve Mannix Exelon Emergency Preparedness Hostile Action Exercise Specialist (office)

13 13 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Experiences  Offsite Perspective – NJ Office of Emergency Management –Jon Christiansen

14 14 OYSTER CREEK Hostile Action Based Drill September 9, 2008

15 15 Hostile Action Based Drill  The September 9, 2008 Hostile Action- based Drill (HABD) was the first exercise in New Jersey of the Terrorism Procedure for the nuclear power plants. This Drill posed unique challenges to the New Jersey State Police and the Office of Emergency Management and was successfully demonstrated despite the unfamiliarity of the participants with the Procedure.

16 16 Hostile Action Based Drill  The Drill initiated at 1700 from the State Regional Operations and Intelligence Center (ROIC) with call to Duty Trooper describing a credible threat to the plant.  At 1721, following additional calls from ROIC to the Duty Trooper and OEM Command Staff activates the State EOC.  At 1730, the Licensee declared an Unusual Event.

17 17 Hostile Action Based Drill  At 1730, Incident Command Post (ICP) established at the plant.  ROIC notifies Ocean County at 1738 and the BNE at  At 1741, the Licensee declares a Site Area Emergency also reports of explosions and gunfire reported from the ICP.

18 18 Hostile Action Based Drill  At 1745, Licensee reports the loss of all offsite power.  At 1749, the Licensee declares a General Emergency (GE).  The Governor declares a “State of Emergency” at 1750.

19 19 Hostile Action Based Drill  At 1753, the Initial Contact Message Form (ICMF) declaring the GE is verified.  By 1804, the Command Staff reviewed the potential Protective Actions carefully weighing the publics safety and response to the terrorist event.

20 20 Hostile Action Based Drill  At 1820, the Commanding Officer decided that since no offsite release was in progress Sheltering in Place for all Emergency Response Planning Areas (ERPAs) in the zero to five mile radius was the prudent course of action.

21 21 Hostile Action Based Drill  The public was alerted by sirens at 1828 to tune into the Emergency Alert System.  A message instructing the public to shelter in place was aired at 1833.

22 22 Hostile Action Based Drill  The HABD encompassed the integration of multiple offsite response organizations responding to the incident at an Incident Command Post (ICP) on the power plant property with the State Emergency Operations Center (EOC) managing a traditional response to a classified event at the plant.

23 23 Hostile Action Based Drill  The State EOC provided adequate and timely resource support to the ICP in addition to managing implementation of the Radiological Emergency Response Plan (RERP).

24 24 Hostile Action Based Drill  Cons:  The nature of HABD restricts the number active participants to the key-hole municipalities and designated responders.  Minimal requirement for Accident Assessment and Field Monitoring.

25 25 Hostile Action Based Drill  Training value diminishes when the initial flurry of activity is followed by prolonged voids in events.  In order to meet the requirements of State Law three exercises had to be conducted:  August 13, 2008 evaluating the State EOC, Accident Assessment, and Public Information

26 26 Hostile Action Based Drill  September 9, 2008 exercising the Terrorism Procedure evaluating Lacey Township, and Ocean Township.  September 23, 2008 evaluating Ocean County EOC and the fifteen municipalities not participating on September 9,  Additional training of evaluators, scenario required, and an artificial exercise environment.

27 27 Hostile Action Based Drill  Pros:  Staff at the State EOC were challenged by the rapid succession of events and the training value was appreciated.  The State EOC focused on the RERP aspects of the event.  Staff at the State EOC provided timely and effective support to the Incident Command Post.

28 28 Hostile Action Based Drill  Command Staff displayed exceptional initiative in developing the Protective Action Decision.  Command Staff carefully weighed information destined for press releases.  The BNE staff at the State EOC provided key insights on the event and displayed thorough knowledge of plant systems.

29 29 Hostile Action Based Drill  Excellent interface between the State EOC and the Incident Command post.  No apparent interoperability issues from responders in the field.  Staff at each facility displayed flexibility and ingenuity when faced with an event outside the strictures of the RERP Plan.

30 30 Hostile Action Based Drill  Conclusion:  The merits of the HABD warrant its inclusion into the REP Program.

31 31 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Lessons Learned Themes  NEI Industry Lessons Learned  NRC Observations and Perspective  FEMA Observations and Perspective

32 32 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Lessons Learned Themes  Guideline not followed  Critiques not inclusive of Demonstration Criteria  Security involvement in planning and implementation  Challenges in the JIC: development, approval, and release of public information  ICP readiness, logistics, & integration  Sharing of Lessons Learned

33 33 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Lessons Learned Themes  NRC Observations and Perspective –Mike McCoppin

34 34 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative Lessons Learned Themes  FEMA Observations and Perspective –Jacques Singleton

35 35 Phase III Drill Observations and Challenges Jacques Singleton, Radiological Emergency Preparedness Branch Technological Hazards Division Federal Emergency Management Agency

36 36 Incident Command System  Establishing/Transitioning Incident Command  Coordination with traditional REP elements/facilities  Protective Action Decisions

37 37 Communications  Information Flow  Release of Public Information  Control of Incident-Specific Information

38 38 Integration  Integration of OROs into onsite response  Just-in-time Training for ORO responders  Mutual Aid for Traditional ORO response activities

39 39 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative 2009 Focus Areas - NEI  Continue HAB Coordination Activities –Close gaps in performance –Determine whether objectives were met –Sustaining performance prior to evaluation  Rulemaking & FEMA REP Program Manual Proposed Changes (3/09)  Revise NEI 06-04: –Include lessons learned –Compliment proposed rulemaking/REP Program changes –More specific guidance on tabletops –RIS elements of clarification

40 40 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative 2009 Focus Areas - NRC  NRC Expectations of licensees –Mike McCoppin

41 41 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative 2009 Focus Areas - FEMA  How can OROs best prepare for the future –Jacques Singleton

42 42 FEMA Focus Areas for 2009

43 43 FEMA Expectations for HAB Drills  Extent of Play  Limited Scope of HAB Drills  Integration of non-traditional responders (e.g., FBI)  Preparing for Future Evaluations  Highlight potential gaps in plans and procedures  Identify needed training areas

44 44 Moving Forward: Draft REP Program Manual Publication  Alignment with NRC Rulemaking/Guidance  Document Crosswalk  FEMA/NRC working groups

45 45 Hostile Action Based Drill Initiative 2009 Focus Areas National REP Conference Norfolk, VA Hostile Action Based Drill Workshop April 23, :00 – 5:00pm Presented by NEI, NRC, & FEMA

46 46 Hostile Action Based Drill Workshop April 23, 2009  Open Forum  Focus Areas for improved performance: –Scenarios and Conduct of T/T and Drills –PAR Decision Making –Integration of the Incident Command System –Challenges in Prompt Dissemination of Public Information  More information to follow…..

47 47 Questions?

48 48 CONTACT INFORMATION Sue Perkins-Grew, Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) Steve Mannix, Exelon Jon Christiansen, NJ State Police , ext Michael McCoppin, NRC NSIR Jacques Singleton, FEMA


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